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ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare ; 2(2) (no pagination), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20241862


To combat the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, many new ways have been proposed on how to automate the process of finding infected people, also called contact tracing. A special focus was put on preserving the privacy of users. Bluetooth Low Energy as base technology has the most promising properties, so this survey focuses on automated contact tracing techniques using Bluetooth Low Energy. We define multiple classes of methods and identify two major groups: systems that rely on a server for finding new infections and systems that distribute this process. Existing approaches are systematically classified regarding security and privacy criteria.Copyright © 2021 ACM.

2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, ICC Workshops 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1369288


Super-spreader events have been a driving force of the COVID-19 pandemic. Such events often take place indoors when many people come together. Various systems for automated contact tracing (ACT) have been proposed which warn users if they have come near an infected person. These generally fail to detect potential super-spreader events as only users who have come in close contact with the infected person, but not others who also visited the same location, are warned. Other ACT approaches allow users to check into locations, but this requires user interaction. We propose two designs how broadcast-based ACT systems can be enhanced by using location-specific information without the need for GPS traces or scanning of QR codes. This makes it possible to alert attendees of a potential super-spreader event while providing privacy. Our idea relies on cooperating "lighthouses"which cover a large area and send out pseudonyms. In our passive design the health authority (HA) publishes location pseudonyms collected by infected users. In the active design, lighthouses communicate with HAs. After retrospectively detecting an infected visitor the lighthouse notifies the HA which users' stay overlapped. © 2021 IEEE.

Proc. Conf. Local Comput. Netw. LCN ; 2020-November:337-340, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1059757


Contact tracing is a promising approach to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Various systems have been proposed to automatise the process. Many designs rely heavily on a centralised server or reveal significant amounts of private data to health authorities. We propose CAUDHT, a decentralized peer-to-peer system for contact tracing. The central health authority can focus on providing and operating tests for the disease while contact tracing is done by the system's users themselves. We use a distributed hash table to build a decentral messaging system for infected patients and their contacts. With blind signatures, we ensure that messages about infections are authentic and unchanged. A strong privacy focus enables data integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. © 2020 IEEE.