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1.
Neurology ; 97(16): 767-775, 2021 10 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1394514

ABSTRACT

The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered a global effort to rapidly develop and deploy effective and safe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccinations. Vaccination has been one of the most effective medical interventions in human history, although potential safety risks of novel vaccines must be monitored, identified, and quantified. Adverse events must be carefully assessed to define whether they are causally associated with vaccination or coincidence. Neurologic adverse events following immunizations are overall rare but with significant morbidity and mortality when they occur. Here, we review neurologic conditions seen in the context of prior vaccinations and the current data to date on select COVID-19 vaccines including mRNA vaccines and the adenovirus-vector COVID-19 vaccines, ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 (AstraZeneca) and Ad26.COV2.S Johnson & Johnson (Janssen/J&J).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Vaccination/trends , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine/administration & dosage , Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine/adverse effects , Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Poliovirus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Poliovirus Vaccines/adverse effects , Vaccination/adverse effects
2.
J Clin Neuromuscul Dis ; 23(1): 24-30, 2021 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1371756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that emerged in 2019 and is responsible for a global pandemic. Numerous neurologic manifestations have been described in the literature regarding COVID-19, but most studies are focused on the central nervous system. The authors have noted an association between prior COVID-19 infection and the development of a systemic neuropathy that manifests with asymmetric sensorimotor loss in the peripheral nervous system. We describe 4 cases of mononeuropathy multiplex that were diagnosed after COVID-19 infection. METHODS: All patients included were treated for severe COVID-19 infection at New York Presbyterian Hospital and subsequently referred to the Columbia Peripheral Neuropathy Center for persistent neuropathy. RESULTS: Patient history, COVID-19 disease course, and mononeuropathy multiplex diagnostic evaluation of the 4 patients are recounted. CONCLUSIONS: We postulate a connection between COVID-19 and the development of mononeuropathy multiplex with implications in prognostication, rehabilitation strategies, and future treatments.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Mononeuropathies/etiology , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Electrodiagnosis , Electromyography , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Middle Aged , Mononeuropathies/diagnosis , Neural Conduction , Neurologic Examination , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Retrospective Studies
3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 204, 2021 05 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1219017

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection causing the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has raised serious concern for patients with chronic disease. A correlation has been identified between the severity of COVID-19 and a patient's preexisting comorbidities. Although COVID-19 primarily involves the respiratory system, dysfunction in multiple organ systems is common, particularly in the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, immune, renal, and nervous systems. Patients with amyloid transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis represent a population particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 morbidity due to the multisystem nature of ATTR amyloidosis. MAIN BODY: ATTR amyloidosis is a clinically heterogeneous progressive disease, resulting from the accumulation of amyloid fibrils in various organs and tissues. Amyloid deposition causes multisystem clinical manifestations, including cardiomyopathy and polyneuropathy, along with gastrointestinal symptoms and renal dysfunction. Given the potential for exacerbation of organ dysfunction, physicians note possible unique challenges in the management of patients with ATTR amyloidosis who develop multiorgan complications from COVID-19. While the interplay between COVID-19 and ATTR amyloidosis is still being evaluated, physicians should consider that the heightened susceptibility of patients with ATTR amyloidosis to multiorgan complications might increase their risk for poor outcomes with COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Patients with ATTR amyloidosis are suspected to have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality due to age and underlying ATTR amyloidosis-related organ dysfunction. While further research is needed to characterize this risk and management implications, ATTR amyloidosis patients might require specialized management if they develop COVID-19. The risks of delaying diagnosis or interrupting treatment for patients with ATTR amyloidosis should be balanced with the risk of exposure in the health care setting. Both physicians and patients must adapt to a new construct for care during and possibly after the pandemic to ensure optimal health for patients with ATTR amyloidosis, minimizing treatment interruptions.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial , COVID-19 , Amyloid , Humans , Pandemics , Prealbumin , SARS-CoV-2
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