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1.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 83(4): 1563-1601, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1468319

ABSTRACT

Neurological disorders significantly impact the world's economy due to their often chronic and life-threatening nature afflicting individuals which, in turn, creates a global disease burden. The Group of Twenty (G20) member nations, which represent the largest economies globally, should come together to formulate a plan on how to overcome this burden. The Neuroscience-20 (N20) initiative of the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics (SBMT) is at the vanguard of this global collaboration to comprehensively raise awareness about brain, spine, and mental disorders worldwide. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the various brain initiatives worldwide and highlight the need for cooperation and recommend ways to bring down costs associated with the discovery and treatment of neurological disorders. Our systematic search revealed that the cost of neurological and psychiatric disorders to the world economy by 2030 is roughly $16T. The cost to the economy of the United States is $1.5T annually and growing given the impact of COVID-19. We also discovered there is a shortfall of effective collaboration between nations and a lack of resources in developing countries. Current statistical analyses on the cost of neurological disorders to the world economy strongly suggest that there is a great need for investment in neurotechnology and innovation or fast-tracking therapeutics and diagnostics to curb these costs. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, SBMT, through this paper, intends to showcase the importance of worldwide collaborations to reduce the population's economic and health burden, specifically regarding neurological/brain, spine, and mental disorders.


Subject(s)
Global Burden of Disease , International Cooperation , Mental Disorders , Nervous System Diseases , COVID-19/epidemiology , Global Burden of Disease/organization & administration , Global Burden of Disease/trends , Global Health/economics , Global Health/trends , Humans , Mental Disorders/economics , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/therapy , Nervous System Diseases/economics , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Neurosciences/methods , Neurosciences/trends , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(2):[1-6], 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-71647

ABSTRACT

En diciembre de 2019, surgió una serie de casos de neumonía causada por un nuevo coronavirus, denominado 2019-nCoV o SARS-CoV2. La propagación del virus ha sido extremadamente rápida y la organización mundial de la salud declaró a la enfermedad COVID-19, causada por 2019-nCoV, como una pandemia. En este contexto la Sociedad de Anestesiología de Chile (SACH) ha elaborado recomendaciones generales para el manejo perioperatorio de los pacientes sospechosos y/o portadores de la enfermedad. Sin embargo, dado que durante el levantamiento de evidencia para la confección de dicha guía se objetivó la ausencia de sugerencias específicas para la ejecución de técnicas de anestesia regional fuera del ambiente obstétrico, se solicitó desde el Comité Científico de SACH al Comité de Anestesia Regional de SACH (CARSACH), representante LASRA (LatinAmerican Society of Regional Anesthesia) en Chile, a través de un grupo de expertos, confeccionar recomendaciones locales en esta materia.

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