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Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) ; 36(3): 318-324, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2257624


Wearing a cloth face mask has been shown to impair exercise performance; it is essential to understand the impact wearing a cloth face mask may have on cognitive performance. Participants completed two maximal cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a cycle ergometer (with and without a cloth face mask) with a concurrent cognitive task. Blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen saturation, perceived exertion, shortness of breath, accuracy, and reaction time were measured at rest, during each exercise stage, and following a 4-minute recovery period. The final sample included 35 adults (age = 26.1 ± 5.8 years; 12 female/23 male). Wearing a cloth face mask was associated with significant decreases in exercise duration (-2:00 ± 3:40 min, P = 0.003), peak measures of maximal oxygen uptake (-818.9 ± 473.3 mL/min, -19.0 ± 48 mL·min-1·kg-1, P < 0.001), respiratory exchange ratio (-0.04 ± 0.08, P = 0.005), minute ventilation (-36.9 ± 18 L/min), oxygen pulse (-3.9 ± 2.3, P < 0.001), heart rate (-7.9 ± 12.6 bpm, P < 0.001), oxygen saturation (-1.5 ± 2.8%, P = 0.004), and blood lactate (-1.7 ± 2.5 mmol/L, P < 0.001). While wearing a cloth face mask significantly impaired exercise performance during maximal exercise testing, cognitive performance was unaffected in this selected group of young, active adults.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) ; 36(1): 75-77, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081875


A 23-year-old male competitive athlete performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test on a cycle ergometer with a concurrent cognitive test on an iPad 6 days before and 19 weeks after a nonhospitalized COVID-19 illness. Results indicated reductions in time to exhaustion (-3.25 min), peak oxygen consumption (-1.68 mL/kg/min), and accuracy (-8%) during peak exertion despite his return to prior levels of activity. Reductions in functional or cognitive performance in competitive athletes may elicit noticeable differences in athletic performance; therefore, fitness specialists should consider the assessment of both cognitive function as well as aerobic capacity in athletes following COVID-19, regardless of severity, to facilitate safe and effective return to activity.