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1.
Journal of International Business Policy ; 5(3):406-415, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037048

ABSTRACT

The global roll-out of vaccines is crucial to defeating the pandemic, but the lack of technical know-how and manufacturing infrastructure for production are constraining the speedy provision of vaccines globally. This will remain true even if the intellectual property rights of COVID-19 vaccines are waived temporarily. To accelerate technology transfer and global vaccine production, this article calls for the promotion of joint ventures between global COVID-19 vaccine manufacturers and local pharmaceutical companies so as to create regional manufacturing hubs. These joint ventures must be supported financially by global North countries, international organisations, and host-country governments. This approach will incentivize pharmaceutical companies to share not only their patents but also tacit production knowledge because the risk and cost of setting up new facilities will be shared. In this paper, we show how the joint venture approach will have benefits for all the actors involve and generate positive impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and other regions over the long run. Following these policy proposals will not only help protect the global community from COVID-19 but will also present a rare window of opportunity to stimulate the life science industry in the global South, supporting sustainable economic and technological development.

2.
J Int Bus Stud ; 51(9): 1580-1592, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-707859

ABSTRACT

Petricevich and Teece's (2019) article on the reshaping of globalization raises profound issues on the theory and empirics of international business. The fracture in the world economy between the USA and China is the result of Government policy, but its relationship to rising VUCA (volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity) elements in globalization is more complex than simple policy changes. This paper suggests that a reappraisal of theory is required, not least because of the eruption of Covid-19, but that internalization theory is the best source of theoretical restructuring in the face of the new empirical realities facing the global economy.


L'article de Petricevich et Teece (2019) sur le remodelage de la mondialisation soulève de profondes questions sur la théorie et l'empirisme de l'international business. La fracture dans l'économie mondiale entre les États-Unis et la Chine est le résultat de la politique gouvernementale, mais sa relation avec les éléments VUCA (volatilité, incertitude, complexité et ambiguïté) croissants de la mondialisation est plus complexe que les simples changements de politique. Cet article suggère qu'une réévaluation de la théorie est nécessaire, notamment en raison de l'éruption du Covid-19, mais que la théorie de l'internalisation est la meilleure source de restructuration théorique face aux nouvelles réalités empiriques auxquelles l'économie mondiale est confrontée.


En el artículo de Petricevich y Teece (2019) sobre la restructuración de la globalización plantea profundas cuestiones sobre la teoría y la empírica de negocios internacionales. La fractura en la economía global entre los Estados Unidos y China es el resultado de la política del Gobierno, pero su relación con el aumento de los elementos VICA (volatilidad, incertidumbre, complejidad y ambigüedad) en la globalización es más que compleja que simples cambios de política. Este manuscrito propone que una reevaluación de la teoría es requerida, no sólo por el brote del Covid-19, sino por que la teoría de internalización es la mejor fuente de restructuración teórica de cara a las nuevas realidades empíricas que enfrenta la economía global.


O artigo de Petricevich e Teece (2019) sobre a reformulação da globalização levanta questões profundas sobre a teoria e o empirismo de negócios internacionais. A fratura na economia mundial entre os EUA e a China é o resultado de política do governo, mas sua relação com os crescentes elementos de VUCA (volatilidade, incerteza, complexidade e ambiguidade) na globalização é mais complexa do que simples mudanças de política. Este artigo sugere que é necessária uma reavaliação da teoria, principalmente por causa da erupção do Covid-19, mas que a teoria da internalização é a melhor fonte de reestruturação teórica diante das novas realidades empíricas da economia global.

4.
Psychiatric Times ; 37(11):1-16, 2020.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-931972

ABSTRACT

The author discusses the exacerbation of mental health problems amid the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the U.S. and reasons for gratitude amidst these challenges. Topics covered include such positive points as good health for one's family, opportunity to work in the midst of layoffs, cohesion and compassion of individual talents in one's team, and healthcare innovations during the crisis. Also noted is the lesson of resilience from patients battling mental illness.

5.
Transnational Corporations ; 27(2):99, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-896299

ABSTRACT

Concerns regarding the operation of the global economy mean that recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is unlikely to see a return to the previous globalization wave. We suggest that there is an opportunity to address some of the weaknesses of globalization through a more regionally-based world economy offering a better balance between national and international interests, efficiency and resilience in global supply chains, and between growth, inclusiveness, and equity impacts.

6.
Journal of International Business Policy ; in press, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-704640
7.
Acad Med ; 95(12): 1823-1826, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-705068

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the limitations of the current health care workforce. As health care workers across the globe have been overwhelmed by the crisis, oversight entities and training programs have sought to loosen regulations to support ongoing care. Notably, however, workforce challenges preceded the current crisis. Now may be the time to address these underlying workforce challenges and emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic with a stronger health care workforce.Building upon historical exemplars in the context of the current crisis, the authors of this Perspective provide a roadmap to rapidly and safely increase the workforce for COVID-19 and beyond. The authors recommend the following: (1) a comprehensive approach to guide health care workforce development, (2) streamlining transitions to the next level of practice, (3) reciprocity among state licensing boards or national licensure, (4) payment reform to support a strengthened health care workforce, and (5) efforts by employers to ensure the ongoing safety and competence of the bolstered workforce. These steps require urgent collaboration among stakeholders commensurate with the acuity of the pandemic. Implemented together, these actions could address not only the novel challenges presented by COVID-19 but also the underlying inadequacies of the health care workforce that must be remedied to create a healthier society.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care/trends , Health Personnel/psychology , Health Workforce/trends , Humans , Licensure , Resilience, Psychological , SARS-CoV-2
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