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1.
Legality: Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum ; 30(2):267-282, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20245164

ABSTRACT

Artificial Intelligence is categorized into the domain of computer science focused on creating intelligent machines that function like humans. Artificial Intelligence supports institutions including Islamic Financial Services in learning, making decision, and providing useful predictive analytics. The progress and promise that artificial intelligence has made and presented in finance have so far been remarkable, allowing for cheaper, faster, closer, more accessible, more lucrative, and more efficient finance especially during the pandemic covid-19 when people are required to stay at home yet still doing a banking transaction. Despite the incredible progress and promise made possible by advances in financial artificial intelligence, it nevertheless presents some serious perils and limitations. Three categories of risks and limitations involve the rise of virtual threats and cyber conflicts in the financial system, society behavioural changes, and legal amendments that cannot respond to technological developments, especially in developing countries. The main objective of this article is to evaluate the operations of the potential risks that may arise in the use of Artificial Intelligence in Islamic finance services, especially dealing with the legal arrangement that is supposed to be in line with business development. Indonesia is a country that adheres to civil law system, in which every legal arrangement is supposed to be based on written law. The lack of this legal system is where the speed of legal changes cannot keep up with the pace of technological development, which is present as a hinder to the development of Artificial Intelligence in the financial system. This article concludes that Artificial Intelligence will have a huge impact in the future on the Islamic Finance industry, but in Indonesian context, it still needs various efforts to reduce the potential risk that eventually has a big impact on the progress of Islamic banks. © 2022, University of Muhammadiyah Malang. All rights reserved.

2.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(19):854-862, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164847

ABSTRACT

Background: On March 2020, the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 as a pandemic. According to the Republic of Indonesia's Law No. 30 of 2014 on the Governmental Administration Article 1 number 9, governmental officials can create regulations to handle concrete issues. Thus, to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic and to resolve issues concerning social aid distribution in Boyolali, Central Java Province, the Boyolali regional government issued some regulations. Aim(s): To analyze the basis for the regional governments' authorities in leading their areas during the Covid-19 pandemic and to analyze the Boyolali regional government's policies, in handling the Covid-19 pandemic. Method(s): This research employed the juridical normative and the statute approaches. This was descriptive legal research that described and analyzed legal issues concerning regional governments' policies and authorities in handling the Covid-19 pandemic. Result(s): To prevent the spread of Covid-19, the Boyolali government issued: Regulation of the Boyolali Regent No. 2 of 2022, Regulation of the Boyolali Regent No. 24 of 2020, Regulation of the Boyolali Regent No. 21 of 2020, Instruction of the Boyolali Regent No. 1 of 2021, and Instruction of the Boyolali Regent No. 9 of 2022. To resolve issues concerning Covid-19 social aid distribution, the Boyolali government issued: Decree of the Boyolali Regent No. 900/468 of 2020 and Decree of the Boyolali Regent No. 900/629 of 2021. Conclusion(s): The Boyolali regency government succeeded in resolving issues that occurred due to the pandemic through the issuance of these policies. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

3.
Turyzm/Tourism ; 32(1):141-157, 2022.
Article in English, Polish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2056685

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of leadership, compensation and motivation, by using job satisfaction as an intervening variable, on employee performance during a crisis in the context of a company in the restaurant service sector. A tiered linear regression with two models was used: Model 1 analyzed the influence of leadership, compensation and motivation on job satisfaction while Model 2 explored the impact of leadership, compensation, motivation and job satisfaction on performance. The results showed that leadership, compensation, and motivation, simultaneously and partially, had a significant effect on job satisfaction. While together they had a substantial impact on performance, but only partially on leadership and compensation do not affect performance. There is however an indirect effect of leadership and compensation variables on performance through job satisfaction. In comparison, the motivation variable does not affect either directly or indirectly. © by the author, licensee University of Lodz – Lodz University Press, Lodz, Poland.

4.
Studia Iuridica Lublinensia ; 31(2):11-32, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025887

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe the urgency of the existence of community mediation-based legal culture as an alternative dispute resolution during the COVID-19 pandemic in West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. This study employed a non-doctrinal paradigm with a descriptive study. It uses case and legislation approaches based on a series of observations, interviews, and literature studies to be analyzed qualitatively. The results of this research finding are a component to understand one of the concepts offered related to the use of culture-based community mediation as a fast and simple alternative dispute resolution. The institutionalized community mediation at Mediation Institution has culture-based management procedures that serve as a means of resolving conflicts. It aims to create a safe, orderly, and peaceful life based on the legal values of the local community that are rooted in their beliefs (religion), customs, and social culture. © 2022, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej w Lublinie. All rights reserved.

5.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1615-1621, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2006278

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Republic of Indonesia’s 1945 Constitution Article 28B and the Law No. 35 of 2014 on Child Protection Article 13 clause (1) state that children have the right for protection against discriminative behaviors, economic and sexual exploitation, neglect, cruelty, violence, torture, injustice, and other wrongful treatments. AIM: This research aims (1) to describe the violence to children and (2) to describe the community support system-based health-care policy concept for children as violence victims. METHODS: This is a normative legal research which is carried out by literature review and by analyzing secondary data. The approaches used are the statute approach and the conceptual approach. It uses the descriptive method, as it aims to clearly describe the various things related to the analyzed objects. The policies proposed in this research are those which are analyzed using the fishbone model. The identification process is carried out by finding the main problem which affects the legal protection for children as violence victims in the COVID-19 pandemic era which is not yet optimum. It uses some indicators, which are as follows: (1) policies;(2) regulations;(3) family;(4) education institutions;and (5) the society which are described as small bones. Then, the big bones are the analysis which is not yet optimum. RESULTS: The research results show that during this pandemic, the violence toward children has drastically increased. On June 2020, there were 3.555 cases, which increased to 4.928 cases on July 2020. CONCLUSION: Because of that, the government needs to formulate an intersectoral child protection.

6.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10(A):176-180, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1708318

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a global impact. It also affected Indonesia. There had been tens of thousands of positive cases and thousands of deaths. Many paramedics also died to heal people from this disease. The Indonesian government determined this condition as a Social Emergency Condition and issued the Governmental Decree No. 21 of 2020 on Large-Scale Social Restrictions (LSSR) in 2020 (and Community Activity Restriction Enforcement [CARE] in 2021 with the Instruction of the Minister of Internal Affairs on Emergency CARE in Java and Bali islands). The Instruction of the Minister of Internal Affairs No. 15 of 2021 regulated the Application of the Emergency CARE due to the COVID-2019. In its implementation, the LSSR are ineffective in preventing the spread of the COVID-19 as there are some anomalies in the field, as this law is not strictly enforced. The spread of the COVID-19 becomes uncontrollable as there are no strict sanctions against violators of the LSSR. Meanwhile, the law-enforcing apparatus tend to ignore violations. This condition is different from the application of the CARE as it was more effective in decreasing the number of Covid-19 cases. This is because its implementation is equipped with supervision and strict sanctions. The strictness and the seriousness in applying the CARE yielded positive results, namely, the significant decrease of COVID-19 sufferers.

7.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 9:1050-1054, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1572725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The increase of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infections leads countries to implement preventive steps such as wearing masks, social distancing, and vaccine administration. Indonesia started administering mass vaccination in January 2021 using the Sinovac vaccine, but there are still problems such as the emergence of side effects. AIM: This research aims to explain the legal protection of COVID-19 vaccine administration and its obstacles. METHODS: This is a normative legal study that uses library research. It uses the statute approach. RESULTS: The research results show that the legal protection of COVID-19 vaccine administration includes Law No. 36 of 2009 on Health and Presidential Decree No. 99 of 2020 on Vaccine Procurement and Administration to Overcome the COVID-19 Pandemic. Then, the obstacles in the vaccine administration include the limited stock of vaccines and supporting health equipment such as hazmat suits and injection needles. CONCLUSION: Thus, the government of Indonesia should implement the Health Protocols during this pandemic, as stipulated in the Decree of the Republic of Indonesia’s Ministry of Health No. Hk.01.07/Menkes/382/2020.

8.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 9:1104-1108, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1572720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, COVID-19 spread very quickly between people. Thus, the patients’ rights to obtain treatment do not have to decrease the protection of the public. The perspectives of ethics, law, and justice prioritize the rights of the public as stated in the principle “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” (Public safety is the highest law as regulated in the law). METHODS: This research employs the statute approach with comprehensive, all-inclusive, and systematic manners to the ratio legis of the Health Law. It also uses the philosophy approach. RESULTS: In Indonesia, the regulatory handling of the COVID-19 pandemic is based on the Law on Infectious Disease Outbreak. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the quick spread of this disease causes many fatalities. Thus, individual rights of patients must be ruled out to prioritize public rights. CONCLUSION: The legal perspective upholds the “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” principle, namely, public safety is the highest law was the core of philosophy, law and ethics handling covid 19 pandemic.

9.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 9:1-5, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1551664

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global disaster and every country makes efforts to mitigate it. There needs to be a gradual rise of awareness on the ethics of responsibility to others in the form of a sense of solidarity and togetherness. Philosopher Emmanuel Levinas stated that the basic facts in his philosophy were other people. Therefore, his philosophy is the ethics of responsibility toward others. COVID-19 deserves to be a momentum to reflect on Levinas’ philosophy, by reaffirming responsibility toward others as an ethical fact in mitigating the COVID-19 disaster in Indonesia. © 2021 Sigit Sapto Nugroho, Sarjiyati, Anik Tri Haryani, Yuni Purwati, Arief Budiono, Heru Kuswanto.

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