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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(39): 1377-1378, 2021 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1444556


Consistent and correct mask use is a critical strategy for preventing the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 (1). CDC recommends that schools require universal indoor mask use for students, staff members, and others in kindergarten through grade 12 (K-12) school settings (2). As U.S. schools opened for the 2021-22 school year in the midst of increasing community spread of COVID-19, some states, counties, and school districts implemented mask requirements in schools. To assess the impact of masking in schools on COVID-19 incidence among K-12 students across the United States, CDC assessed differences between county-level pediatric COVID-19 case rates in schools with and without school mask requirements.

COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Masks/statistics & numerical data , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , United States/epidemiology
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(39): 1374-1376, 2021 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1444555


Beginning in January 2021, the U.S. government prioritized ensuring continuity of learning for all students during the COVID-19 pandemic (1). To estimate the extent of COVID-19-associated school disruptions, CDC and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory used a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) (2) statistical approach to estimate the most likely actual learning modality based on patterns observed in past data, accounting for conflicting or missing information and systematic Internet searches (3) for COVID-19-related school closures. This information was used to assess how many U.S. schools were open, and in which learning modalities, during August 1-September 17, 2021. Learning modalities included 1) full in-person learning, 2) a hybrid of in-person and remote learning, and 3) full remote learning.

COVID-19/prevention & control , Education/methods , Education/statistics & numerical data , Schools/organization & administration , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Education, Distance/statistics & numerical data , Humans , United States/epidemiology