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Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36:166-166, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1539417
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i166, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402452


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection manifests as pneumonia associated with multiple organ failure, and death. Acute kidney injury is a risk factor for mortality. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, its clinical course and short- and long-term prognosis. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study where medical records of 60 patients with histological diagnosis of allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis from January 2009 to November 2020. In these patients, we studied the incidence of COVID-19 infection, clinical characteristics and prognosis from March to the actual date. RESULTS: Of 60 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis, 6 (10%) patients were diagnosed with COVID-19. The first case, an 85-year-old woman with a history of metastatic melanoma treated with nivolumab and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis by immunobiological agents in 2018, diagnosed with mild COVID-19 infection in April 2020 without deterioration of renal function in controls at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The second case, a 51-year-old woman with a history of large B-cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation and progression to multiple myeloma of lambda light chains and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis due to chemotherapy since 2019, admitted for acute pyelonephritis and PRES syndrome secondary to first dose of bortezomib complicated with COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia and acute pancreatitis treated with corticosteroids and broad spectrum antibiotic therapy;she died of abdominal refractory septic shock. The third patient, a 64-year-old man without prior renal impairment, was admitted for severe COVID-19 pneumonia and acute kidney injury secondary to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis of uncertain etiology that required orotracheal intubation and continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration for a week who received methylprednisolone in bolus for 3 days and continued treatment with corticosteroid therapy with complete recovery of renal function and improvement in proteinuria at 3 months of follow-up. The fourth patient, an 82-yearold woman with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 secondary to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis related to ciprofloxacin complicated with severe COVID-19 nosocomial pneumonia, who died despite ventilatory support and high-dose steroids therapy and tocilizumab. The fifth patient, a 75-year-old with a history of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma treated with immunobiological agents and allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis in 2018, admitted in march 2020 for mild COVID-19 pneumonia treated with steroids and hydroxychloroquine without deterioration of respiratory and kidney function. The sixth patient, an 86-years-old man with acute kidney injury AKIN 3 due to acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to proton-binding inhibitors and nosocomial COVID-19 infección with improvement of kidney function with steroids therapy only. CONCLUSION: Our 6 patients with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis and COVID-19 infection presented different spectrum of the disease. It seems that nosocomial COVID-19 infection in patients admitted with recent diagnosis of acute allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis presented a worse clinical prognosis compared with long-term diagnosed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.

Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i162, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402449


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: COVID-19 infection is responsible for respiratory infection with variable clinical expression from its asymptomatic form to severe pneumonia associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. Risk factors related to higher mortality are age over 65 years, cardiovascular, pulmonary and kidney disease, hypertension, and diabetes. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and previous kidney disease, specifically in patients with glomerular and tubular kidney disease. The aim of this study was to determine general characteristics, analytical parameters and clinical evolution of patients with kidney disease who have undergone kidney biopsy and who presented infection or high suspicion of infection by COVID-19. Identify mortality and associated risk factors. METHOD: we studied patients with high clinical suspicion of infection or confirmed infection by COVID-19 from March 2020 to May 15, 2020 of all patients who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital between January 2013 and December 2019. RESULTS: 39 of the 553 patients have been diagnosed with COVID-19 infection since March 2020. The average age was 63615 years and 48.7% were male. Hypertension was present in 79.5% of patients, chronic kidney disease without renal replacement therapy in 76.9%, and cardiovascular disease in 64.1%. Nasopharyngeal swab was performed in 26 patients;older patients (p=0.01), patients with hypertension (p=0.005), immunosuppression (p=0.01), use of RAS-blocking drugs (p=0.04) and gastrointestinal symptoms (p=0.02) were more likely to be tested for COVID-19. 22 patients required hospitalization and 15.4% died. In the bivariate analysis, mortality was associated with older age (p=0.03), cardiovascular disease (p=0.05), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (p=0.05) and low hemoglobin levels (p=0.006). Adjusted Cox regression showed that low hemoglobin levels (10.12±1.89g/dL) at admission had 1.81 greater risk of mortality [1.04-3.13;p=0.04]. CONCLUSION: Patients with COVID-19 infection and kidney disease confirmed by kidney biopsy presented mortality of 15.4%. Swab test for COVID-19 was more likely to be performed in older, hypertensive, use of RAS-blocking drugs, immunosuppressed patients and those with gastrointestinal symptoms. Low hemoglobin is a risk factor for mortality.

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 31:283, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-984755


Background: COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus currently at the centre of a global pandemic, and patients with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes are at risk of a serious complication such as hospitalization and death. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased cardiovascular risk and >90% of CKD patients presented hypertension. The prognosis and lethality of COVID-19 in patients with biopsy-proven kidney disease has not been previously studied. Methods: Data included patients who underwent a kidney biopsy at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital between January 2013 and February 2020 with diagnostic confirmation and those with high clinical suspicion of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the period from March to May 2020. Results: Of 553 patients, 39(7%) were diagnosed with SARS-CoV2 infection. The mean age was 63.4±15 years. 48.7% were male, 31 hypertension, 19 diabetic, 12 obese and 18 patients had lung disease. The renal histological diagnosis of glomerulonephritis with extracapillary proliferation in 10.3%, allergic interstitial nephritis in 10.3 %, secondary GSFS in 8.5% and diabetic nephropathy in 10.3%. 4 patients were on hemodialysis and 6 had a kidney transplant. Creatinine before infection was 1.52mg/ dL±0,66. 17 patients were under immunosuppressive treatment (14 with prednisone, 8 mycophenolate, 6 tacrolimus, 1 rituximab). 26 patients had confirmation of SARS-CoV2 infection with RT PCR obtained from nasopharyngeal swab. 22 patients required hospital admission [average hospital stay was 16 days±11], of which 4 in the ICU and 6 (15%) died. 15 patients received lopinavir/ritornavir;23 patients, azithromycin;20 patients, hydroxychloroquine;6 patients, tocilizumab;9 patients, intravenous corticosteroids. 11 patients presented impaired renal function, of which 3 were transplanted and 8 with CKD. CKD patients under RAS blockade had less mortality than patients without RAS blockade treatment (29% vs 0%, p=0.014). Conclusions: COVID-19 was diagnosed in 7% of our CKD patients with kidney biopsy. The mortality was 15%, lower than the reported in hemodialysis patients. RAS blockade is not exerting a deleterious effect in our CKD patients with COVID-19 infection, suggesting that they should not be withdrawn.