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Open forum infectious diseases ; 8(Suppl 1):21-22, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1564884


Background We aimed to explore a novel risk score to predict mortality in hospitalised patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. In additoon, we compared the accuracy of the novel risk score with CURB-65, qSOFA and NEWS2 scores. Methods The study was conducted in hospitalised patients with laboratory and radiologically confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia between November 1, 2020 and November 30, 2020. In this retrospective multicenter study. independent predictors were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis with area under the curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the performance of the novel score. The optimal cut‐off points of the candidate variables were calculated by the Youden’s index of ROC curve. Mortality was defined as all cause in-hospital death. Results A total of 1013 patients with COVID-19 were included. The mean age was 60,5 ±14,4 years, and 581 (57,4%) patients were male. In-hospital death was occured in 124 (12,2%) patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2), albumin, D-dimer, and age were independent predictors for mortality (Table). A novel scoring model was named as SAD-60 (SpO2, Albumin, D-dimer, ≥60 years old). SAD-60 score (0,776) had the highest AUC compared to CURB-65 (0,753), NEWS2 (0,686), and qSOFA (0,628) scores (Figure). Conclusion We demonstrated that SAD-60 score had a promising predictive capacity for mortality in hospitalised patients with COVID-19. Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors predicting mortality Comparison of CURB-65, qSOFA, NEWS-2 and SAD-60 for predicting pneumonia mortality in hospitalised patients with COVID-19 by ROC analysis Disclosures All Authors: No reported disclosures

Future Microbiol ; 16: 1389-1400, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1528783


Background: We aimed to compare the clinical, laboratory and radiological findings of confirmed COVID-19 and unconfirmed patients. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective study. Results: Overall, 620 patients (338 confirmed COVID-19 and 282 unconfirmed) were included. Confirmed COVID-19 patients had higher percentages of close contact with a confirmed or probable case. In univariate analysis, the presence of myalgia and dyspnea, decreased leukocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts were best predictors for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR positivity. Multivariate analyses revealed that only platelet count was an independent predictor for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR positivity. Conclusion: Routine complete blood count may be helpful for distinguishing COVID-19 from other respiratory illnesses at an early stage, while PCR testing is unique for the diagnosis of COVID-19.

Jpn J Infect Dis ; 74(5): 458-464, 2021 Sep 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1497875


We aimed to determine the predictors of intensive care unit (ICU) admission or death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. This retrospective, single-center study included patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia (laboratory and radiologically confirmed) between March 9 and April 8, 2020. The composite endpoint was ICU admission or in-hospital mortality. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the factors associated with the composite endpoint. A total of 336 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia were evaluated. The median age was 54 years (interquartile range: 21), and 187 (55.7%) were men. Fifty-one (15.2%) patients were admitted to the ICU. In-hospital mortality occurred in 33 patients (9.8%). In the univariate analysis, 17 parameters were associated with the composite endpoint, and procalcitonin had the highest odds ratio (odds ratio [OR] = 36.568, confidence interval [CI] = 5.145-259.915). Our results revealed that body temperature (OR = 1.489, CI = 1.023-2.167, P = 0.037), peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) (OR = 0.835, CI = 0.773-0.901, P < 0.001), and consolidation (> 25%) on chest computed tomography (OR = 3.170, CI = 1.218-8.252, P = 0.018) at admission were independent predictors. As a result, increased body temperature, decreased SpO2, a high level of procalcitonin, and degree of consolidation on chest computed tomography may predict a poor prognosis and have utility in the management of patients.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology
Biomark Med ; 15(11): 807-820, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1319562


Aim: We aimed to determine the prognostic values of the National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) and laboratory parameters during the first week of COVID-19. Materials & methods: All adult patients who were hospitalized for confirmed COVID-19 between 11 March and 11 May 2020 were retrospectively included. Results: Overall, 611 patients were included. Our results showed that NEWS2, procalcitonin, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and albumin at D0, D3, D5 and D7 were the best predictors for clinical deterioration defined as a composite of ICU admission during hospitalization or in-hospital death. Procalcitonin had the highest odds ratio for clinical deterioration on all days. Conclusion: This study provides a list of several laboratory parameters correlated with NEWS2 and potential predictors for clinical deterioration in patients with COVID-19.

Lay abstract The COVID-19 pandemic is a grueling problem worldwide. There is a lack of knowledge about the predictive value of National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) for severe COVID-19 illness. We analyzed the prognostic value of NEWS2 and laboratory parameters during the clinical course of COVID-19. This study provides a list of several laboratory parameters correlated with NEWS2 and potential predictors for intensive care unit admission during hospitalization or in-hospital death.

COVID-19/metabolism , Procalcitonin/metabolism , Albumins/metabolism , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Lymphocytes/metabolism , Neutrophils/metabolism , Odds Ratio