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J Grad Med Educ ; 12(4): 507-511, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-745231


BACKGROUND: The start of a new academic year in graduate medical education will mark a transition for postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) residents from medical school into residency. The relocation of individuals has significant implications given the COVID-19 pandemic and variability of the outbreak across the United States, but little is known about the extent of the geographic relocation taking place. OBJECTIVE: We reported historical trends of PGY-1 residents staying in-state and those starting residency from out-of-state to quantify the geographic movement of individuals beginning residency training each year. METHODS: We analyzed historical data collected by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in academic years 2016-2017, 2017-2018, and 2018-2019, comparing the locations of medical school and residency programs for PGY-1 residents to determine the number of matriculants from in-state medical schools and out-of-state medical schools. International medical school graduates (IMGs) were shown separately in the analysis and then combined with out-of-state matriculants. US citizens who trained abroad were counted among IMGs. RESULTS: The total number of PGY-1s increased by 10.3% during the 3-year time period, from 29 338 to 32 348. When combined, IMGs and USMGs transitioning from one state or country to another state accounted for approximately 72% of PGY-1s each year. Approximately 63% of USMGs matriculated to a residency program in a new state, and IMGs made up 24.6% to 23.1% of PGY-1s over the 3-year period. CONCLUSIONS: Each year brings a substantial amount of movement among PGY-1s that highlights the need for policies and procedures specific to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Coronavirus Infections , Internship and Residency , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Professional Practice Location , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Education, Medical , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Foreign Medical Graduates , Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , United States , Workplace