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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-321371

ABSTRACT

Background The long-term consequences of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) treatment for COVID-19 patients are yet to be reported. This study assessed the 1-year outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19, who were recruited in our previous UC-MSC clinical trial.Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal, cohort study, 100 patients enrolled in our phase 2 trial were prospectively followed up at 3-month intervals for 1 year to evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of UC-MSC treatment. The primary endpoint was an altered proportion of whole-lung lesion volumes measured by high-resolution CT. Other imaging outcomes, 6-minute walking distance (6-MWD), lung function, plasma biomarkers, and adverse events were also recorded and analyzed. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04288102).Findings: Within 3 months, MSC administration exerted numerical improvement in whole-lung lesion volume compared with the placebo, leading to a significant difference of −10.82% (95% CI: −20.69%, −1.46%, P=0.030) on day 10. MSC also reduced the proportion of solid component lesion volume compared with the placebo at each follow-up point, with a significant difference of − 9.02% (95%CI: − 17.44%, − 0.10%, P=0.045) at month 9. More interestingly, 17.86% (10/56) of patients in the MSC group had normal CT images at month 12 ( P= 0.013), but none in the placebo group. The incidence of symptoms was lower in the MSC group than in the placebo group at each follow-up time, particularly sleep difficulties at month 3 (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.07,0.50;P=0.001), and usual activity at month 12 (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.03,0.79;P=0.018). Neutralizing antibodies were all positive, with a similar median inhibition rate (61.6% vs. 67.55%) in both groups at month 12. No difference in adverse events at the 1-year follow-up and tumor markers at month 12 were observed between the two groups.Interpretation: UC-MSC administration achieves a long-term benefit in the recovery of lung lesions and symptoms in COVID-19 patients.Trial Registration: This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04288102).Funding The National Key R&D Program of China, the Innovation Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the National Science and Technology Major Project.Declaration of Interest: None to declare. Ethical Approval: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Fifth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital (2020-013-D).

2.
EBioMedicine ; 75: 103789, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587925

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The long-term consequences of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) treatment for COVID-19 patients are yet to be reported. This study assessed the 1-year outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19, who were recruited in our previous UC-MSC clinical trial. METHODS: In this prospective, longitudinal, cohort study, 100 patients enrolled in our phase 2 trial were prospectively followed up at 3-month intervals for 1 year to evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of UC-MSC treatment. The primary endpoint was an altered proportion of whole-lung lesion volumes measured by high-resolution CT. Other imaging outcomes, 6 min walking distance (6-MWD), lung function, plasma biomarkers, and adverse events were also recorded and analyzed. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04288102). FINDINGS: MSC administration improved in whole-lung lesion volume compared with the placebo with a difference of -10.8% (95% CI: -20.7%, -1.5%, p = 0.030) on day 10. MSC also reduced the proportion of solid component lesion volume compared with the placebo at each follow-up point. More interestingly, 17.9% (10/56) of patients in the MSC group had normal CT images at month 12, but none in the placebo group (p = 0.013). The incidence of symptoms was lower in the MSC group than in the placebo group at each follow-up time. Neutralizing antibodies were all positive, with a similar median inhibition rate (61.6% vs. 67.6%) in both groups at month 12. No difference in adverse events at the 1-year follow-up and tumor markers at month 12 were observed between the two groups. INTERPRETATION: UC-MSC administration achieves a long-term benefit in the recovery of lung lesions and symptoms in COVID-19 patients. FUNDING: The National Key R&D Program of China, the Innovation Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the National Science and Technology Major Project.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Aged , Allografts , Double-Blind Method , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acuity
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