Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
Revista Cubana de Educacion Medica Superior ; 35, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1823748

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic can alter the moods and mental health of university students, making it difficult for them to achieve their goals and purposes. Objective: To describe the moods and mental health of students from a Peruvian university in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out in a Peruvian university, during March and May 2020. With the participation of 302 university students, socio-educational data were collected and the Mood Assessment Scale was used, together with the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. The study variables were described and it was considered to evaluate differences. Results: 58.6% of the participants were female. Regarding their marital status, 76.8% were single, while 71.2% were Catholic. 48.3% presented an anxious mood;33.1%, hostile and 38.5%, depressed. In addition, 50.7% presented poor mental health;52.6%, general dysphoria and 74.8%, social dysfunction. Conclusions: In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a high prevalence of negative moods and mental health problems. These findings demonstrate the situation of social vulnerability, which influences the health and life projects of university students. It is necessary to promote group actions that contribute to the well-being of the student population. © 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

2.
Cancer Research ; 82(4 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1779489

ABSTRACT

Purpose: In the state of Wisconsin, breast cancer patients from African American (AAs) communities have lower survival rates compared to their Caucasian counterparts. Multiple inequities related to sociodemographic factors, delays in diagnosis, advanced disease stage at presentation and presence of comorbidities including higher body mass index (BMI) contribute to these disparities, many of which have only widened during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined specific factors related to prolonged hospital length of stay (LOS) for breast cancer patients admitted to inpatient units during the pandemic. Methods: This analysis includes initial CY20 LOS medical record data for hospitalized patients 18 years and older with a diagnosis of breast cancer from 1/1/2020-12/31/2020. Supplemental data included disease registry and diagnostic data, and SES data determined by patient zip code. Poisson regression models with robust standard errors were used to compare the LOS index (LOSi) between groups of patients based on race, SES group, primary payer, and BMI. Results: A total of 272 patients with breast cancer that were admitted to inpatient oncology units were identified. Demographics included White (72.4%), Black (22.4%), and others (5.1%). Other characteristics included: low SES (8.8%), medium-low (9.5%), medium (15.4%), medium-high (11.0%), high SES (4.4%), and others (non-SMilwaukee county) (50.7%), Medicaid (8.8%), Medicare (61.3%), Managed care (29.0%), and others (0.73%). Body mass varied among the patients;underweight (0.36%), overweight (30.8%), obese (41.5%). There were significant differences in LOSi: Black (LOSi=1.24, p=0.01), medium-low SES (LOSi=1.46, p=0.02), Medicaid (LOSi=1.40, p=0.00), underweight (LOSi=1.66, p=0.00), and overweight (LOSi=1.23, p = 0.01) patients had slightly longer LOSi, with LOSi ratio above 1. Conclusion: This study shows how patient-specific factors such as race, SES, primary payer, and BMI contribute to inpatient LOS for breast cancer patients. Healthcare systems may benefit by addressing indicators and patients' factors to reduce hospital LOS, and ultimately healthcare costs.

3.
Revista Cubana de Estomatologia ; 58(4), 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1733070

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic may alter the mood and mental health of dentists. It may likewise affect the well-being of professionals and create disorders that will influence their lives. Objective: Describe the moods and mental health of Peruvian dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional longitudinal descriptive study was conducted in a region of Peru from April to June 2020, with the participation of 336 dentists from public health institutions and private consultation offices. Social and professional data were collected. Use was made of the Mood Assessment Scale and Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire. The study variables were described and differences were evaluated with the chi-squared test. Results: Of the total participants, 53.6% were female;56.8% were married / cohabited with their partners;70.8% were Catholic;39.9% had 5-15 years’ professional experience, and 53.6% were from private consultation offices. In terms of mood, 47.6% were anxious, 33.0% were hostile and 38.4% were depressed;66.7% had bad mental health;63.1% had general dysphoria and 81.0% were socially dysfunctional. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic it was common for Peruvian dentists to present negative moods such as anxiety, depression and hostility. A high prevalence was also found of bad mental health, general dysphoria and social dysfunction. © 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

4.
Revista Cubana de Enfermeria ; 37, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1342666

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Consciential Intelligence or Spiritual Intelligence, a scientifically studied construct, more than 20 years ago, regains importance in the current times of crisis, due to its direct relationship with health, happiness, performance and humanization of health institutions and society in general. Objective: To identify the level of conscientious intelligence, possible relationships with socio-demographic, religious and spiritual variables and their variation from a measurement carried out before the pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted in the Ica region of Peru during June to August 2020. 474 adults participated, answering a questionnaire with sociodemographic, religious and spiritual variables. The Consciential Intelligence was evaluated with a scale of 13 items. Relative frequencies, means and standard deviations, t-Student tests, ANOVA and Post Hoc tests were calculated. Results: Of the participants 35.02% presented an unhealthy level of Consciential Intelligence;55.49% for improvement and 9.49% healthy. Those who consider themselves religious, spiritual, participate in religious activities, practice daily prayer or meditation and older adults score higher on the scale, reaching statistical significance (p<0.001). The overall scale score was lower before the pandemic (lower level) than during the pandemic (middle/lower level), with statistical differences (p=0.029). Conclusions: The study population maintains lower levels of Conscious Intelligence;there are related factors that contribute to its development. This modality of intelligence is presented as an alternative to humanize society and recover human values;therefore, it is necessary to cultivate and develop it, so that it can fully flourish. © 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

5.
Comunicacion y Sociedad (Mexico) ; 2021(18), 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1268472

ABSTRACT

In the year 2020, in the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, Mexico's government implemented health policies of "social distancing". In this essay, we make a theoretical reflection on this policies' effects on signs' production. The paper begins with our definition of communicational habitus and the semiotic relationship with social distancing to analyze systems' evolutionary control from a systemic-semiotic approach. © 2021 Universidad de Guadalajara. All rights reserved.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL