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1.
Acta Psiquiatrica y Psicologica de America Latina ; 68(3):197-206, 2022.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-20244290

ABSTRACT

the CoVid-19 pandemic drastically changed different aspects of the daily lives of millions of people, generating an increase in the use of the internet for maintaining social contact, teleworking or online studies. this study explores the extent to which the internet connection pattern changed during the CoVid-19 confinement in a sample of adults from four latin american countries, considering gender and age. a descriptive study was carried out, including a non-probabilistic convenience sample design. the final sample was comprised of 1488 participants. this analysis shows that internet habits changed in terms of frequency, duration, and time of use. We observe differences when it comes to gender and age. in women, the increases in use are greater for the different variables analyzed, especially for the frequency of connection at night. in terms of age, the younger the age, the greater the increase in internet connection time throughout the day and connection time at night. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) la pandemia de CoVid-19 cambio drasticamente diferentes aspectos de la vida cotidiana de millones de personas, generando un incremento del uso de internet para el mantenimiento del contacto social, el teletrabajo o los estudios online. en este articulo se evalua en que medida presento cambios el patron de conexion a internet durante el confinamiento por CoVid-19 en una muestra de adultos de cuatro paises de america latina, considerando el sexo y la edad. se propuso un estudio descriptivo, con diseno no probabilistico de muestreo por conveniencia. la muestra final quedo compuesta por 1488 participantes. el analisis muestra que los habitos de conexion a internet se modificaron en terminos de frecuencia, duracion y horarios, observandose diferencias en funcion del sexo y la edad. en mujeres son mayores los incrementos de uso para las distintas variables analizadas, especialmente para la frecuencia de conexion nocturna. en cuanto a la edad, a menor edad se observa un mayor aumento del tiempo de conexion a internet a lo largo del dia y de conexion en horario nocturno. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Acta Psiquiatrica y Psicologica de America Latina ; 67(4):240-253, 2021.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2313739

ABSTRACT

Objective: to characterize the situation of railway workers regarding their beliefs and practices of occupational health care in the context of COVID-19. The "ASPO", decreed on 03/20/2020 in Argentina, recognizes public passenger transport as an essential service. Public transport systems are high-risk contexts since they transport large numbers of people in a confined space, with limited ventilation, many common contact surfaces and few possibilities of identifying people infected with coronavirus. Methodology: exploratory-descriptive, quantitative and observational design, with a standardized questionnaire of questions and specific indicators for data collection. The sampling by quotas that was made up of 459 participants from different railway lines. Results 81.4% consider that it is very possible/quite possible to become infected in their workplace, while the home is perceived as the place with the lowest risk of contagion (65.68%). The perception of the feeling of sustained tiredness/listlessness increased by 44%;that of bad mood/irritability/nervousness 46.8%;constant alertness 55.7%;fear of getting sick/dying 39.7%;appetite 40.1%;difficulty sleeping 35.9%;and sexual desire 16.6% while it decreased by 14.4%. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Objetivo: caracterizar la situacion de los trabajadores ferroviarios respecto de sus creencias y practicas de cuidado de la salud laboral en el contexto de la COVID-19. El Aislamiento Social Preventivo Obligatorio, decretado el 20/03/2020 en Argentina, reconoce al transporte publico de pasajeros como servicio esencial. Los sistemas de transporte publico son contextos de alto riesgo ya que transportan un gran numero de personas en un espacio confinado, con ventilacion limitada, gran cantidad de superficies comunes de contacto y escasas posibilidades de identificar personas contagiadas de coronavirus. Metodologia: diseno exploratorio-descriptivo, cuantitativo y observacional, con un cuestionario estandarizado de preguntas e indicadores especificos para la recoleccion de datos. El muestreo por cuotas quedo conformado por 459 participantes de diferentes lineas del ferrocarril. Resultados: el 81,4% considera que es muy posible/bastante posible contagiarse en su lugar de trabajo, mientras el hogar se percibe como el lugar de menor riego de contagio (65,68%). La percepcion sobre la sensacion de cansancio sostenido/desgano aumento un 44%;la de mal humor/irritabilidad/nerviosismo 46,8%;el estado de alerta constante 55,7%;el miedo a enfermar/morir 39,7%;el apetito 40,1%;la dificultad para dormir 35,9%;y el deseo sexual 16,6% mientras que disminuyo en el 14.4%. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
Acta Psiquiatrica y Psicologica de America Latina ; 66(3):184-187, 2020.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1130251

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Treatment centers for psychoactive substance users in Latin America were affected by the pandemic and had to reconvert treatment modalities incorporating virtual therapies, in many occasions for vulnerable populations living in neighborhoods with low connectivity and difficulty in accessing telephone or computer equipment. Questions arose regarding the demand, accessibility, modality, continuity of the treatments and the changes in the consumption profiles against which the study posed as a general objective to dimension the impact of the pandemic and the isolation measures in 55 addiction treatment centers identifying changes in the demand for treatment, in the consumption profiles and systematizing the main measures taken by the institutions to develop the treatments within this context. Results the study characterized the demand in times of pandemic in terms of an increase of dual patients, the facilitation of treatments for patients with remote residences, and with a decrease of the accessibility to the therapies for patients with scarce economic resources without advanced telephony or computer means. Conclusions: All residential centers implemented care protocols and both users and families showed a higher level of awareness of the problem of psychoactive substance use. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) Abstract (Spanish) Introduccion: los centros de tratamiento de consumidores de sustancias psicoactivas en america Latina se vieron afectados por la pandemia y debieron reconvertir las modalidades de tratamiento incorporando terapias virtuales, inclusive para poblaciones vulnerables residentes en barrios con baja conectividad y con dificultad para acceder a equipos telefonicos o informaticos. surgieron interrogantes respecto a la demanda, accesibilidad, modalidad, continuidad de los tratamientos y a los cambios en los perfiles de consumo. Frente a estos ultimos el estudio se planteo como objetivo general dimensionar el impacto de la pandemia y las medidas de aislamiento en 55 centros de tratamiento de adicciones, identificando cambios en la demanda de tratamiento, en los perfiles de consumo y sistematizando las principales medidas tomadas por las instituciones para desarrollar los tratamientos en este contexto. Resultados: el estudio caracterizo la demanda en tiempos de pandemia, destacandose un aumento de pacientes duales, la facilitacion de los tratamientos a los usuarios con residencias alejadas de los centros y con disminucion a la accesibilidad a las terapias de usuarios carentes de telefonia de avanzada o medios informaticos. Conclusiones: todos los centros residenciales implementaron protocolos de cuidado, y tanto usuarios como familiares mostraron mayor nivel de concientizacion acerca del problema del consumo de sustancias psicoactivas. Palabras clave: demanda de trata (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

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