Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
2.
Netw Model Anal Health Inform Bioinform ; 10(1): 46, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1303386

ABSTRACT

Understanding the evolution of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic requires the analysis of several data at the spatial and temporal levels. Here, we present a new network-based methodology to analyze COVID-19 data measures containing spatial and temporal features and its application on a real dataset. The goal of the methodology is to analyze sets of homogeneous datasets (i.e. COVID-19 data taken in different periods and in several regions) using a statistical test to find similar/dissimilar datasets, mapping such similarity information on a graph and then using a community detection algorithm to visualize and analyze the spatio-temporal evolution of data. We evaluated diverse Italian COVID-19 data made publicly available by the Italian Protezione Civile Department at https://github.com/pcm-dpc/COVID-19/. Furthermore, we considered the climate data related to two periods and we integrated them with COVID-19 data measures to detect new communities related to climate changes. In conclusion, the application of the proposed methodology provides a network-based representation of the COVID-19 measures by highlighting the different behaviour of regions with respect to pandemics data released by Protezione Civile and climate data. The methodology and its implementation as R function are publicly available at https://github.com/mmilano87/analyzeC19D.

4.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(3): e22219, 2021 03 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1088863

ABSTRACT

Coincident with the tsunami of COVID-19-related publications, there has been a surge of studies using real-world data, including those obtained from the electronic health record (EHR). Unfortunately, several of these high-profile publications were retracted because of concerns regarding the soundness and quality of the studies and the EHR data they purported to analyze. These retractions highlight that although a small community of EHR informatics experts can readily identify strengths and flaws in EHR-derived studies, many medical editorial teams and otherwise sophisticated medical readers lack the framework to fully critically appraise these studies. In addition, conventional statistical analyses cannot overcome the need for an understanding of the opportunities and limitations of EHR-derived studies. We distill here from the broader informatics literature six key considerations that are crucial for appraising studies utilizing EHR data: data completeness, data collection and handling (eg, transformation), data type (ie, codified, textual), robustness of methods against EHR variability (within and across institutions, countries, and time), transparency of data and analytic code, and the multidisciplinary approach. These considerations will inform researchers, clinicians, and other stakeholders as to the recommended best practices in reviewing manuscripts, grants, and other outputs from EHR-data derived studies, and thereby promote and foster rigor, quality, and reliability of this rapidly growing field.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Data Collection/methods , Electronic Health Records , Data Collection/standards , Humans , Peer Review, Research/standards , Publishing/standards , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
5.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 17(15)2020 Aug 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-693554

ABSTRACT

The management of the COVID-19 pandemic presents several unprecedented challenges in different fields, from medicine to biology, from public health to social science, that may benefit from computing methods able to integrate the increasing available COVID-19 and related data (e.g., pollution, demographics, climate, etc.). With the aim to face the COVID-19 data collection, harmonization and integration problems, we present the design and development of COVID-WAREHOUSE, a data warehouse that models, integrates and stores the COVID-19 data made available daily by the Italian Protezione Civile Department and several pollution and climate data made available by the Italian Regions. After an automatic ETL (Extraction, Transformation and Loading) step, COVID-19 cases, pollution measures and climate data, are integrated and organized using the Dimensional Fact Model, using two main dimensions: time and geographical location. COVID-WAREHOUSE supports OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) analysis, provides a heatmap visualizer, and allows easy extraction of selected data for further analysis. The proposed tool can be used in the context of Public Health to underline how the pandemic is spreading, with respect to time and geographical location, and to correlate the pandemic to pollution and climate data in a specific region. Moreover, public decision-makers could use the tool to discover combinations of pollution and climate conditions correlated to an increase of the pandemic, and thus, they could act in a consequent manner. Case studies based on data cubes built on data from Lombardia and Puglia regions are discussed. Our preliminary findings indicate that COVID-19 pandemic is significantly spread in regions characterized by high concentration of particulate in the air and the absence of rain and wind, as even stated in other works available in literature.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Climate , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Data Warehousing , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Environmental Pollution , Humans , Italy , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Wind
6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 17(12)2020 06 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-597040

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak started in Wuhan, China, and it has rapidly spread across the world. Italy is one of the European countries most affected by COVID-19, and it has registered high COVID-19 death rates and the death toll. In this article, we analyzed different Italian COVID-19 data at the regional level for the period 24 February to 29 March 2020. The analysis pipeline includes the following steps. After individuating groups of similar or dissimilar regions with respect to the ten types of available COVID-19 data using statistical test, we built several similarity matrices. Then, we mapped those similarity matrices into networks where nodes represent Italian regions and edges represent similarity relationships (edge length is inversely proportional to similarity). Then, network-based analysis was performed mainly discovering communities of regions that show similar behavior. In particular, network-based analysis was performed by running several community detection algorithms on those networks and by underlying communities of regions that show similar behavior. The network-based analysis of Italian COVID-19 data is able to elegantly show how regions form communities, i.e., how they join and leave them, along time and how community consistency changes along time and with respect to the different available data.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Hospitalization/trends , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Spatio-Temporal Analysis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...