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Clinical case reports ; 10(6), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1877433


Olanzapine is a second‐generation antipsychotic drug that is often used to treat schizophrenia and manic attacks. An increasing number of cases in recent years have shown that olanzapine is associated with vascular thromboembolic disease (VTD). Here, we reported a case of patient with history of taking aripiprazole, benzhexol, olanzapine, and sertraline for 5 years. He was admitted because of aggravated chest tightness, chest pain, and shortness of breath sustaining for 3 days. Laboratory examination and computed tomography angiography of the chest revealed new pulmonary embolus which involved the main trunk of the pulmonary artery and bilateral pulmonary arteries, with pneumonic infiltration in the left upper lobe. After thrombolytic therapy, the patient was out of danger. This case report described a 36‐year‐old man who developed pulmonary embolism with 5 years' oral antipsychotic drugs. 3 days before being admitted, he was vaccinated with COVID‐19 vaccine. He had risk factor of smoking, obesity, and hyperlipidemia for VTD.

Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(5): 2062-2080, 2022 03 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1737486


BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there are growing concerns about the safety of administering immunotherapy in cancer patients with COVID-19. However, current clinical guidelines provided no clear recommendation. METHODS: Studies were searched and retrieved from electronic databases. The meta-analysis was performed by employing the generic inverse-variance method. A random-effects model was used to calculate the unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) and adjusted ORs with the corresponding 95% CIs. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 20 articles with 6,042 cancer patients diagnosed with COVID-19. According to the univariate analysis, the acceptance of immunotherapy within 30 days before COVID-19 diagnosis did not increase the mortality of cancer patients (OR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.68-1.25; P=0.61). Moreover, after adjusting for confounders, the adjusted OR for mortality was 0.51, with borderline significance (95% CI: 0.25-1.01; P=0.053). Similarly, the univariate analysis showed that the acceptance of immunotherapy within 30 days before COVID-19 diagnosis did not increase the risk of severe/critical disease in cancer patients (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 0.78-1.47; P=0.66). No significant between-study heterogeneity was found in these analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Accepting immunotherapy within 30 days before the diagnosis of COVID-19 was not significantly associated with a higher risk of mortality or severe/critical disease of infected cancer patients. Further prospectively designed studies with large sample sizes are required to evaluate the present results.

COVID-19/diagnosis , Immunotherapy, Active , Neoplasms/therapy , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy, Active/adverse effects , Immunotherapy, Active/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pandemics , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult