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Environ Res ; 214(Pt 3): 113943, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1983018


The global pandemic situation due to COVID-19 has given rise to the massive use of disinfectant products, many of them based on silver atoms. After the use of these products, the silver passes into the aqueous effluents, becoming an emerging contaminant in waters. In this work, a novel procedure for the total and simultaneous removal of ionic and nanomeric silver in aqueous samples is introduced, employing magnetic nanoparticles wrapped with an ionic liquid (Fe3O4@IL) as a removal agent. Experimental variables such as pH, contact time, temperature, as well as pollutant and removal agent doses were studied to achieve the total elimination, exhibiting exceptional conditions for the removal of different concentrations of silvers species in water. The approach achieves 100% removal efficiency for the simultaneous removal of both silver species, goal not achieved previously. Also, 100% removal efficiency is reached for the both species separately, since ionic silver is adsorbed onto the Fe3O4, while nanomeric silver is extracted in the IL. Particularly, for concentrations within the range 50-200 µg L-1, total removal efficiency was reached for a wide range of temperatures and a pH range 7-9, achieved in just 15 min, for all cases. Additionally, the doses of Fe3O4@IL employed to remove all concentrations of silver were 13.7 mg. Characterization of Fe3O4@IL surfaces before and after the process was performed by means of Field Effect Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy. Fe3O4@IL was recycled by employing 100 µL of 1% HNO3 solution, allowing its use for 10 additional silver removal cycles without loss of efficiency. The study of adsorption kinetics and equilibrium isotherms reveal a Freundlich-type adsorption, which suggests affinity between sites in the complex surface of Fe3O4@IL, and Elovich kinetics, indicative of chemisorption onto a heterogeneous surface, while the temperature shows no effect on the results.

COVID-19 , Ionic Liquids , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Adsorption , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ionic Liquids/chemistry , Kinetics , Magnetite Nanoparticles/chemistry , Silver/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis