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1.
Dermatologia, Revista Mexicana ; 66(1):16-24, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, the use of multiple products for disinfection and prevention of COVID-19 transmission was widespread, many of them topically administered. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the perception and use of topical products for the prevention of COVID-19 in Peruvian populations., MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of secondary data analysis was done applying a survey to Peruvian adults, who were asked about the belief or use of different products, according to whether they believed in or used at least one of them. In addition, the association was sought according to socio-educational and occupational characteristics. RESULTS: There were included 3509 participants. The product that they perceived the most that could prevent COVID-19 was the mixture of 4% sodium hypochlorite, vinegar and alcohol (37%), but the one they used the most was 4% sodium hypochlorite (11%). In the multivariate analysis, it was found that women were those who had a positive perception of the topical use of these products (p value < 0.001), adjusted for the marital status of the respondents. However, when the use was analyzed, women were the ones who used these products the least (p value = 0.028), those who were working used these products the most (p value = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the Peruvian population does not perceive or use topical products to prevent COVID-19.

2.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):139-147, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040741

ABSTRACT

Having been previously infected does not guarantee that one is safe in this pandemic, therefore, it is important to estimate the change in perceptions. The aim was to determine the fatalistic perception of patients recovered from COVID-19 in Peru and to identify the sociodemographic differences that influence the fatalistic perception of recovered and uninfected patients. Observational, retrospective cohort. The exposure variable was whether the patient had already been infected by COVID-19, the dependent variable was the fatalistic perception in the event of becoming ill with COVID-19 (in the case of those who had already been ill, the question was asked in the event of reinfection);this was measured with a validated test and being fatalistic was defined as those who were in the upper third of the scores;analytical statistics were obtained. Of the 8957 respondents, 37% reported that they had already been infected by COVID-19. In bivariate analysis, there was no difference in fatalism according to having been previously infected (p=0.426). In multivariate analysis, there was a lower risk of fatalism among men (aRR: 0.85;95%CI: 0.80-0.90;p-value<0.001), but an increased risk among those who believed they could be reinfected (aRR: 1.39;95%CI: 1.23-1.56;p-value<0.001), adjusted for three variables. Un conclusion, there is no association between fatalistic perception of the pandemic and having been infected with COVID-19 in Peru. However, being a woman and believing in a possible reinfection were risk factors for presenting fatalistic ideas.

3.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):61-69, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040736

ABSTRACT

Knowledge is key to face any disease, but there are few baseline studies from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to determine the association between being a vulnerable population and the low knowledge of the population in 17 Peruvian cities at the beginning of the pandemic. Knowledge was measured using a nine-question scale, which asks about the mechanism, symptoms and consequences;this was crosschecked against socio-demographic variables using analytical statistics. Of the 3913 respondents, the lowest knowledge was about how to react to cold symptoms and what treatment a person with an initial non-severe coronavirus infection should follow (37% and 53% correct answers;respectively). In the multivariate analysis, those who had lower percentages of a poor level of knowledge of the disease were those with higher education (aPR: 0.74;95%CI: 0.62-0.88;p-value=0.001), among those with some postgraduate studies (aPR: 0.59;95%CI: 0.43-0.68;p-value < 0.001), among those who were part of the health personnel (aPR: 0.15;95%CI: 0.05-0.46;p-value=0.001) and among women (aPR: 0.84;95%CI: 0.73-0.96;p-value=0.009), on the other hand, the older the age, the worse the level of knowledge of the disease (aPR: 1.012;95%CI: 1.005-1.018;p-value=0.001), adjusted by 4 variables. There was a low level of knowledge in some aspects and this is associated with some specific characteristics according to being considered a vulnerable population.

4.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):123-131, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034323

ABSTRACT

It has been observed that some groups of patients had the perception that if they fell ill from COVID-19 they could have greater complications. The aim of this study was to determine the association between fatalistic thinking about the possible infection of coronavirus according to the type of disease suffered by Peruvian patients. An analytical study of secondary data was carried out, which used a previous data to obtain respondents who had a disease (according to 9 groups/medical specialties), and cross-checked this according to fatalistic thinking (from a validated test). Of the 4483 respondents, 15% had a disease. Those with a respiratory disease perceived that they would be complicated post infection (p<0.001), also those with a cancer or tumor (p<0.001) or those with an endocrinological disease (p=0.002). Those who thought they would become depressed if they became ill were those with a respiratory (p=0.013) or gastroenterological disease (p=0.001). Those who perceived that they might die were those with a respiratory disease (p<0.001), those with any cancer or tumor (p=0.007), endocrinological (p<0.001) and neurological or psychiatric diseases (p<0.001). They could make a fatal decision upon learning of the infection are those who had an endocrinological disease (p=0.039). In conclusion, some groups of patients have a higher perception of getting sick, getting complicated, dying or even taking other fatal actions after learning that they have coronavirus infection;therefore, they should be given psychological support.

5.
Acs Es&T Water ; : 14, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927049

ABSTRACT

Peru has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. By January 2022, Peru had surpassed 200 000 COVID-19 deaths, constituting the highest death rate per capita worldwide. Peru has had several limitations during the pandemic: insufficient testing access, limited contact tracing, a strained medical infrastructure, and many economic hurdles. These limitations hindered the gathering of accurate information about infected individuals with spatial resolution in real time, a critical aspect of effectively controlling the pandemic. Wastewater monitoring for SARS-CoV-2 RNA offered a promising alternative for providing needed population-wide information to complement health care indicators. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility and value of implementing a decentralized SARS-CoV-2 RNA wastewater monitoring system to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of COVID-19 in three major cities in Peru: Lima, Callao, and Arequipa. Our data on viral loads showed the same trends as health indicators such as incidence and mortality. Furthermore, we were able to identify hot spots of contagion within the surveyed urban areas to guide the efforts of health authorities. Viral decay in the sewage network of the cities studied was found to be negligible (<2%). Overall, our results support wastewater monitoring for SARS-CoV-2 as a valuable and cost-effective tool for monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic in the Peruvian context.

6.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61:123-131, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1395891

ABSTRACT

It has been observed that some groups of patients had the perception that if they fell ill from COVID-19 they could have greater complications. The aim of this study was to determine the association between fatalistic thinking about the possible infection of coronavirus according to the type of disease suffered by Peruvian patients. An analytical study of secondary data was carried out, which used a previous data to obtain respondents who had a disease (according to 9 groups/medical specialties), and cross-checked this according to fatalistic thinking (from a validated test). Of the 4483 respondents, 15% had a disease. Those with a respiratory disease perceived that they would be complicated post infection (p<0.001), also those with a cancer or tumor (p<0.001) or those with an endocrinological disease (p=0.002). Those who thought they would become depressed if they became ill were those with a respiratory (p=0.013) or gastroenterological disease (p=0.001). Those who perceived that they might die were those with a respiratory disease (p<0.001), those with any cancer or tumor (p=0.007), endocrinological (p<0.001) and neurological or psychiatric diseases (p<0.001). They could make a fatal decision upon learning of the infection are those who had an endocrinological disease (p=0.039). In conclusion, some groups of patients have a higher perception of getting sick, getting complicated, dying or even taking other fatal actions after learning that they have coronavirus infection;therefore, they should be given psychological support. © 2021 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.

7.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61:61-69, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1395885

ABSTRACT

Knowledge is key to face any disease, but there are few baseline studies from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to determine the association between being a vulnerable population and the low knowledge of the population in 17 Peruvian cities at the beginning of the pandemic. Knowledge was measured using a nine-question scale, which asks about the mechanism, symptoms and consequences;this was crosschecked against socio-demographic variables using analytical statistics. Of the 3913 respondents, the lowest knowledge was about how to react to cold symptoms and what treatment a person with an initial non-severe coronavirus infection should follow (37% and 53% correct answers;respectively). In the multivariate analysis, those who had lower percentages of a poor level of knowledge of the disease were those with higher education (aPR: 0.74;95%CI: 0.62-0.88;p-value=0.001), among those with some postgraduate studies (aPR: 0.59;95%CI: 0.43-0.68;p-value<0.001), among those who were part of the health personnel (aPR: 0.15;95%CI: 0.05-0.46;p-value=0.001) and among women (aPR: 0.84;95%CI: 0.73-0.96;p-value=0.009), on the other hand, the older the age, the worse the level of knowledge of the disease (aPR: 1.012;95%CI: 1.005-1.018;p-value=0.001), adjusted by 4 variables. There was a low level of knowledge in some aspects and this is associated with some specific characteristics according to being considered a vulnerable population. © 2021 Instituto de Altos Estudios de Salud Publica. All rights reserved.

8.
Electronic Journal of General Medicine ; 18(5), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1305018

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the announcement of the start of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines development, many myths and vaccine opponents have come to the fore. Therefore, in this scenario, it is imperative to have an instrument to assess the population perception of this subject matter. Objective: To validate a scale to measure the perception of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines acceptance. Methods: This is an instrumental and multicentre study, through which a list of possible reasons for whether or not people would be vaccinated was generated. After submitting them to 15 experts, a pilot survey was conducted virtually in a population of almost 3000 participants in the 24 regions of Peru. Descriptive statistics and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were conducted using the FACTOR program. Results: The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) coefficient (KMO = 0.917) and the Bartlett’s test of sphericity (3343.3;gl = 136;p <0.001) were conducted. According to EFA results, two factors were found to explain 58.17% of the total variance. The fit indices show that the proposed model is adequate (χ2 = 826.321;df = 43;p = 0.001;RMR = 0.054;GFI = 0.952;AGFI = 0.927;CFI = 0.946;TLI = 0.931;and RMSEA = 0.078). Finally, Cronbach’s α was found to be very satisfactory for the generated scale (α = 0.831;95% CI = 0.82 – 0.84). Conclusion: A simple and efficient scale was validated to assess positive and negative perceptions of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines (the VAC-COVID-19 scale), with a Cronbach’s coefficient of 0.831. © 2021 by Author/s and Licensed by Modestum.

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