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1.
Revista Cientifica Hermes ; 31:26-40, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1798205

ABSTRACT

This article aims to analyze whether an organization's level of spirituality can mitigate professional stress. An online questionnaire was developed based on the following measures: A job stress scale and an organization's spirituality inventory, both were consolidated assessment applied in previous studies. This questionnaire was applied through a digital survey, strongly shared in social media and other channels, which obtained a total of 996 respondents from all over the country and with diverse demographic and professional characteristics. The data were standardized, coded and run on Stata IC v.15. in the multiple linear regression method. This study sought to enrich the knowledge on spirituality as a strategy for organizations, especially in crises situations, as Covid-19 pandemic. The results showed that the level of spirituality enhances the chance for organizations to take actions to deal with crises and reduces the professional stress in the context of uncertainties, as it is a benefit for mental health and well-being. This article could make important contributions presenting a quantitative analysis for a not usual subject in organization strategy: spirituality. It can bring new insights in people management studies, concluding that a company with greater spirituality is more likely to attract and retain people with the best talent.

2.
Humanidades & Inovacao ; 8(62):29-38, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1790186

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this investigation was to analyze professional challenges faced by Brazilian teachers teaching remotely in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic.The quantitative method was applied via Multiple Logistic Regression, using the 15.0 version of the Stata Software. The study was conducted with 258 education professionals working from home. A significant number of teachers described themselves as being unprepared to cope with remote teaching (26.8%). A greater percentage stated their enthusiasm for learning new technologies (70.2%), despite an increased workload (77.5%);still, 61.4% indicated that student absence had increased. The impact of the new working conditions on the participating teachers' performance revealed to be attenuated by such variables as educational level;pleasant work environment, including flexibility and well-being;tolerance to meetings and training sessions;perception of productivity;and professional identity. The results indicate that post-pandemic educational policies should foster participation as well as consider inequalities and issues of access to information and communications technologies, with attention to vulnerable groups of students and the necessary professional enhancement and appreciation of teachers.

3.
Anthropologica ; 63(2), 2021.
Article in French | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1698842

ABSTRACT

In Amazonas, one of the regions of Brazil most affected by the COVID-19 epidemic, epidemiological statistics published by authorities paint a picture of the health crisis that must be called into question, as it does not or only partially considers the situation of ethnic and cultural minorities living in the region. During the first wave of the pandemic (from February to July 2020), a team of 11 researchers documented and analyzed the protests of Indigenous populations and quilombolas and their appropriation of statistical tools, to appear in the official statistics. As a response to these protests, epidemiological updates published by the states and Amazonian municipalities evolved greatly from one month to the next, reflecting the different interpretations of the health crisis anchored in the imaginations and power interests of Amazonian regions. The analysis underscores the subtle but essential fight of the country’s ethnic minorities to ensure that the consequences of the epidemic on their population are recorded both in the official numbers and in policies. © 2021 University of Toronto. All rights reserved.

4.
Sociedade e Cultura ; 24, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1502690

ABSTRACT

This article aims to analyze sociologically the actions of science in search of treatment for COVID-19. To this end, this work relied both on knowledge and field reports prepared by a scientist directly involved in the research of a treatment, and on an analysis of mediations from the sociology of associations, a theoretical prism proposed by the sociologist, anthropologist and philosopher Bruno Latour. The efforts made by science to seek treatments for the new coronavirus were taken, in this text, from a specific case: the research work being developed by the Molecular Immunology Laboratory (MIL) of Rockefeller University. From the description of the case, we were able to relate the scientists' action with Bruno Latour's concepts, such as the mediation that involves the artifices used to identify, capture and replicate the specific B cells that are capable of fighting the virus, the action of the non-humans needed for this, such as the use of a protein bait to "fish" the B cells, and the networking of these elements [RES] necessary for the development of the treatment. Thus we demonstrated not only how the Latourian literature has remained current in describing scientific work, providing tools that help us understand the heterogeneous dynamics of this activity, but also how the continuity of our permanence depends on the creative articulation or mediation of the discontinuities and actors that surround us. © 2021 Universidade Federal de Goias. All rights reserved.

5.
Revista De Ciencias Humanas Da Universidade De Taubate ; 14(2):88-99, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1365964

ABSTRACT

The interest in the potential of cinema as extensible to the scope of education dates back to the beginning of the seventh art and has followed the evolution of society. In line with this vision, the Portuguese National Film Plan (PNFP) emerges nowadays as a government program for film literacy among school audiences, awakening in young people the habit of watching cinema and valuing it as an art. This essay has the purpose of taking a look at the presence of the PNFP on digital social networks during the closure of schools decreed for Portugal as one of the responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. Characterized by in-presence and collective activities, the Plan faced the impossibility of developing them as before, since the school space was transferred to online settings. We observed that pandemic times have come to reveal some of the virtues of the new media and ways of living the cinema, which, not excluding others, are a contribution to the future of the relationship between cinema and education, a dynamic that the PNFP has been developing. We conclude that social web tools such as the digital social networks can be a valid asset for the Plan, in a virtualization that is complementary to its physical presence in schools.

8.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 16(3):S285-S286, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1159457

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The first patient with COVID-19 in Portugal was diagnosed on March 2. There was a lack of knowledge concerning the risks of COVID-19 infection in lung cancer patients, prognostic factors, the influence of cancer treatments and cure criteria. Treatments and consultations were readjusted in order to maintain the ones that increase patients’ survival, while reducing the risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection. International and national “guidelines” were followed, but each hospital had its own strategies to reduce COVID-19 risk. Purpose: The Portuguese Lung Cancer Study Group launched a survey in order to study the early impact of COVID-19 in lung cancer patients, changes in treatments and the way of implementation of COVID-free circuits. Methods: A survey was sent to lung cancer doctors of all the Portuguese hospitals. Results: At the data cut-off, information from twenty one hospitals was collected, corresponding to about 66% (n=3.446) of each year new diagnoses of lung cancer in Portugal. In March and April there was a reduction in newly lung cancer diagnosed patients while comparing with 2019: in March, 86% had a reduction;in April, 90% of the hospitals reported a reduction and it was greater than 40% in eight hospitals (38%). About 62% of the doctors considered less referral from primary care as a cause, and 33% delayed biopsies or other imaging exams. The most difficult exams to obtain were CT guided biopsies and EBUS for 48%. The majority of the hospitals (57%) were also referral for COVID-19 patients’ treatment. In 48% of the lung cancer treating departments’ there were doctors reallocated to COVID-19 treatment areas. In 48% the assistance teams were divided into teams that weren’t previously working together. The majority of doctors (90%) reported having individual protection equipment available. Hospitals performed teleconsultation (100%), and, in seven hospitals (33%), more than half of the consultations were done using communication technology. All the hospitals were able to perform SARS-CoV-2 testing. It was done before every cycle of chemotherapy in 90% of the hospitals. In the majority (67%) it was only performed before day D1, in D1 and D8 chemotherapy protocols. About 19% reported changes in prescription of adjuvant chemotherapy and in maintenance chemotherapy, 33% increased the prescription of oral chemotherapy, 33% changed the periodicity, 29% reported reduction in inclusion in clinical trials. In 33% there was an earlier end of chemotherapy in ECOG2 and vulnerable patients. In 38% the prescription of G-CSF (Granulocity-colony stimulating factor) increased, being used for prophylaxis if the risk of febrile neutropenia was more than 10-15%. The periodicity of consultations was changed for patients under TKI treatment in 86%, and 67% hospitals reported changes in immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment schedule. In 29% oral drugs could be delivered at patients’ home. All the patients admitted for surgery were tested for SARS-CoV-2, and 86% performed SARS-COV-2 testing before radiotherapy. Conclusion: Portuguese hospitals responded to the sudden need of creation of COVID-free circuits, change protocols and even teleconsultation. With a larger follow up we will study the late consequences of COVID-19 pandemic in lung cancer diagnosis and treatment. Keywords: COVID-19, survey, Portuguese Lung Cancer Study Group

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