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Multiple Sclerosis Journal ; 28(3 Supplement):868, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2138822


Introduction: Most reports related to humoral immune response to COVID 19 vaccines in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) were performed on mRNA-based vaccines. Objective(s): to analyze the longitudinal humoral immune responses to adenovirus-based vaccines (Sputnik V and AZD1222) in pwMS under different diseases modifying therapies (DMTs) Methods: IgG anti- SARS-COV-2 spike titers in a cohort of 101 pwMS and 28 healthy controls (HC) were measured 6 weeks after vaccination using the COVID-AR kit according to the manufacture instructions. Both patients and controls received two or three doses of Sputnik, AZD1222 or a mixed schedule (MS) of both vaccines. The neutralizing capacity was evaluated by measuring antibody neutralizing titers using SARS COV-2 pseudotyped particles. Result(s): 60.5% of pwMS were female, mean EDSS: 2.49 +/-1.5, age: 36.6 +/-10.7, disease duration 7.6 +/- 5.1 years. DMTs: 45 pwMS were under fingolimod, 23 under dimethyl fumarate, 14 under cladribine and 19 under antiCD20 monoclonal antibodies. Vaccines: 35.7% Sputnik V, 51.9% AZD1222 and 12.4 % MS. No antibody response to a 2nd dose was found in 41.3% of pwMS under fingolimod and 73.6% under antiCD20. We found a correlation between lower lymphocyte count and lower antibody titers in pwMS under fingolimod (r: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.81, p=<=0.0001). A correlation was also found between the antibody titer and the last dose of antiCD20 (r: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.03-0.7, p=0.03). In March 2022, 57 pwMS received their 3nddose, 6 patients under fingolimod and 7 under antiCD20 remained without any antibody response. We did not find differences in the neutralization capacity with different DMT and or vaccines. Multivariate regression analysis showed antiCD20 (beta= -,349, 95% CI: -3655.6-369.01, p=0.017) and fingolimod (beta=-,399, 95% CI: -3363.8-250.9, p=0.023) treatments as independent factor associated with low antibody response (r2 adjusted=0.157). Conclusion(s): This is the first report of longitudinal humoral immune response of patients under adenovirus-based vaccines, specially Sputnik V, that demonstrate that these vaccines have similar results to those obtained with mRNA-based vaccines.

Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 30(1 SUPPL):179, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880650


Background: The impact of some antiretrovirals against SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease severity is conflicting. We evaluated the effect of tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine (TAF/FTC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) against SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated clinical outcomes among people living with (PLWH). Methods: We conducted a propensity score-matched analysis leveraging data from the PISCIS cohort of PLWH in Catalonia (Spain). We matched for TAF/FTC versus ABC/3TC in a ratio of 1:1, and 1:3 for TDF/FTC versus ABC/3TC, and TDF/FTC versus TAF/FTC. We used logistic regression to assess the association between tenofovir-based ART and SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis and associated hospitalisation. Results: In our entire cohort [median age: 46.1 years, 82.3% males], 7550 PLWH were being treated with TAF/FTC, 1020 receiving TDF/FTC, and 4135 receiving ABC/3TC. After propensity score-matching, SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis rates were the same in TAF/FTC versus ABC/3TC recipients (12.2% vs 12.2%, P=1.00);lower among TDF/FTC versus ABC/3TC recipients (9.7% vs 12.4%, P=0.05) with borderline significance;and lower among TDF/FTC versus TAF/FTC recipients (9.7% vs 12.6%, P=0.03). In well-adjusted logistic regression models, TAF/FTC was not associated with reduced SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.97;95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.12) or associated hospitalisation (aOR 0.95;95% CI, 0.62-1.45). TDF/FTC compared to ABC/3TC, was not associated with reduced SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis (aOR 0.81;95% CI, 0.61-1.07) or hospitalisation (aOR 0.49;95% CI, 0.14-1.27). TDF/FTC was not associated with reduced SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis (aOR 0.81;95% CI, 0.61-1.07) or associated hospitalisation (aOR 0.47;95% CI, 0.14-1.22) compared to TAF/FTC. Conclusion: TAF/FTC or TDF/FTC were not associated with reduced SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis rates or associated hospitalisations among PLWH. TDF/FTC users had baseline characteristics intrinsically associated with more benign SARS-CoV-2 infection outcomes. Tenofovir exposure or not should not modify the preventive or therapeutic SARS-CoV-2 infection management.

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep ; 19(1): 17-25, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1729400


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to use the currently available clinical and epidemiological data, to identify key aspects to improve both the clinical management and public health response to SARS-CoV-2/HIV co-infection among HIV vulnerable populations and people living with HIV (PLWH). RECENT FINDINGS: While at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the lack of robust information on SARS-CoV-2/HIV co-infection, prevented a clear picture of the synergies between them, currently available data strongly support the importance of common structural factors on both the acquisition and clinical impact of these infections and the relevance of age, comorbidities, and detectable HIV viral load as associated worse prognostic factors among PLWH. Although more information is needed to better understand the biological, clinical, and epidemiological relationship between both infections, a syndemic approach to prevent SARS-CoV-2 among HIV high-risk groups and PLWH, targeting these populations for SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and protocolizing early identification of PLWH with worse COVID-19 prognosis factors, is crucial strategies to decrease the overall impact of SARS-CoV-2 /HIV co-infection.

COVID-19 , Coinfection , HIV Infections , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Coinfection/epidemiology , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Public Health , SARS-CoV-2