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Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Oct 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1470928


Background and Objective: During the COVID-19 pandemic, health systems worldwide made major changes to their organization, delaying diagnosis and treatment across a broad spectrum of pathologies. Concerning surgery, there was an evident reduction in all elective and emergency activities, particularly for benign pathologies such as acute diverticulitis, for which we have identified a reduction in emergency room presentation with mild forms and an increase with more severe forms. The aim of our review was to discover new data on emergency presentation for patients with acute diverticulitis during the Covid-19 pandemic and their current management, and to define a better methodology for surgical decision-making. Method: We conducted a scoping review on 25 trials, analyzing five points: reduced hospital access for patients with diverticulitis, the preferred treatment for non-complicated diverticulitis, the role of CT scanning in primary evaluation and percutaneous drainage as a treatment, and changes in surgical decision-making and preferred treatment strategies for complicated diverticulitis. Results: We found a decrease in emergency access for patients with diverticular disease, with an increased incidence of complicated diverticulitis. The preferred treatment was conservative for non-complicated forms and in patients with COVID-related pneumonia, percutaneous drainage for abscess, or with surgery delayed or reserved for diffuse peritonitis or sepsis. Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic we observed an increased number of complicated forms of diverticulitis, while the total number decreased, possibly due to delay in hospital or ambulatory presentation because of the fear of contracting COVID-19. We observed a greater tendency to treat these more severe forms by conservative means or drainage. When surgery was necessary, there was a preference for an open approach or a delayed operation.

COVID-19 , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Diverticulitis , Acute Disease , Diverticulitis, Colonic/diagnostic imaging , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
Minerva Chir ; 75(6): 457-461, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-994921


The spread of COVID-19 pandemic has determined a huge imbalance between real clinical needs of the population and effective resources availability. The aim of this study was to report how this situation forces surgeons to consider a non-operative management as an alternative. This is a retrospective monocentric study and we collected data from 60 patients, split in two groups: info from Group A, 28 patients (11 March to 11 April 2020) were compared with info from group B, 32 patients (11 March to 11 April 2019). The most relevant difference between the groups is related to patient's clinical management. The two groups had a considerably different number of cases that were treated with an operative management: 18 cases (64,7%) in group A vs. 28 cases (87,5%) in group B. Otherwise, non-operative approach occurred in 10 cases (35,7%) in group A and only in 4 patients (12,5%) in group B. These data suggest that the drastic reduction of means narrows the range of therapeutic choices. Indeed, in this emergency scenario, the rationing of healthcare resources was the propelling for surgeons to consider alternative therapeutic pathways.

Acute Disease/therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Aged , Emergencies/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Triage