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2.
EJHaem ; 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2057593

ABSTRACT

Hematological patients at higher risk of severe COVID‐19 were excluded from the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) vaccine trials. In this single‐center observational prospective study (NCT05074706), we evaluate immune response in the hematological patients followed at the Hematological Division of San Gerardo Hospital, Monza (Italy) deemed to be severely immunosuppressed after vaccination with two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Anti‐SARS‐CoV‐2 immunoglobulin G titers above the cutoff value of 33.8 BAU/ml were detected in 303 (80.2%) out of the 378 patients enrolled. Patients with lymphoproliferative disorders had a significant lower probability of immunization (43.2% vs. 88.4%, p < 0.001). Patients treated with anti‐CD20 showed a significantly lower probability of immunization compared to all other treatments (21.4%, p < 0.0001). Among 69 patients who failed seroconversion, 15 patients (22.7%) showed a positive T‐cell response. Patients previously treated with anti‐CD20 were 2.4 times more likely to test positive for T‐cell responses (p = 0.014). Within a follow‐up of 9 months from the second COVID‐19 vaccination, symptomatic SARS‐CoV‐2 infections were reported by 20 patients (5.3%) and four of them required hospitalization. Successful serological or T‐cell‐mediated immunization conferred protection from symptomatic COVID‐19. Patients treated with anti‐CD20 who were not seroconverted after vaccination might still be protected from COVID‐19 due to the T‐cell immune response.

4.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(6): 115, 2021 06 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275905
5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 668261, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1211835

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting social distancing, determined a reduction in access to care and limitations of individual freedom, with a consequent strong impact on quality of life (QoL), anxiety levels and medical management of onco-hematological people. In particular, in the case of patients with chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), concern about SARS-CoV-2 infection added to the burden of symptoms (BS) which already weights on the QoL of these patients. We designed a cross-sectional survey in order to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on status of anxiety, BS and QoL in MPN patients. METHODS: We analyzed the anxiety levels using the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS); BS modifications were studied using the 18 items of the Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Symptom Assessment Form [MPN-SAF]. RESULTS: 132 people answered to the survey: 27 (20.4%) patients achieved a moderate to marked anxiety index value: this group described a greater worsening of symptoms than the rest of the cohort (p <0.0001). Women showed a higher level of anxiety than men (p = 0.01). A trend for lower level of anxiety was reported by patients who performed habitual physical activity (p = 0.06). A total of 98 (74.2%) patients described worsening of their symptoms during the quarantine period; 94 (71.2%) patients had postponed appointments or visits: they showed a significant worsening of their BS (p =0.01). CONCLUSION: This study first showed that the COVID-19 quarantine had a significant negative impact on the level of anxiety and BS in MPN patients. We identified female gender, absence of physical activity, the need for frequent visit to the hospital and the absence of a direct access to healthcare staff as the main factors associated to a higher anxiety index and worst BS.

6.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(2): 21, 2021 02 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1075184

ABSTRACT

In a multicenter European retrospective study including 162 patients with COVID-19 occurring in essential thrombocythemia (ET, n = 48), polycythemia vera (PV, n = 42), myelofibrosis (MF, n = 56), and prefibrotic myelofibrosis (pre-PMF, n = 16), 15 major thromboses (3 arterial and 12 venous) were registered in 14 patients, of whom all, but one, were receiving LMW-heparin prophylaxis. After adjustment for the competing risk of death, the cumulative incidence of arterial and venous thromboembolic events (VTE) reached 8.5% after 60 days follow-up. Of note, 8 of 12 VTE were seen in ET. Interestingly, at COVID-19 diagnosis, MPN patients had significantly lower platelet count (p < 0.0001) than in the pre-COVID last follow-up.This decline was remarkably higher in ET (-23.3%, p < 0.0001) than in PV (-16.4%, p = 0.1730) and was associated with higher mortality rate (p = 0.0010) for pneumonia. The effects of possible predictors of thrombosis, selected from those clinically relevant and statistically significant in univariate analysis, were examined in a multivariate model. Independent risk factors were transfer to ICU (SHR = 3.73, p = 0.029), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (SHR = 1.1, p = 0.001) and ET phenotype (SHR = 4.37, p = 0.006). The enhanced susceptibility to ET-associated VTE and the associated higher mortality for pneumonia may recognize a common biological plausibility and deserve to be delved to tailor new antithrombotic regimens including antiplatelet drugs.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Myeloproliferative Disorders/epidemiology , Thrombocythemia, Essential/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/complications , COVID-19/complications , Cohort Studies , Europe/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloproliferative Disorders/complications , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Thrombocythemia, Essential/complications
7.
Leukemia ; 35(2): 485-493, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1065836

ABSTRACT

We report the clinical presentation and risk factors for survival in 175 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and COVID-19, diagnosed between February and June 2020. After a median follow-up of 50 days, mortality was higher than in the general population and reached 48% in myelofibrosis (MF). Univariate analysis, showed a significant relationship between death and age, male gender, decreased lymphocyte counts, need for respiratory support, comorbidities and diagnosis of MF, while no association with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and prefibrotic-PMF (pre-PMF) was found. Regarding MPN-directed therapy ongoing at the time of COVID-19 diagnosis, Ruxolitinib (Ruxo) was significantly more frequent in patients who died in comparison with survivors (p = 0.006). Conversely, multivariable analysis found no effect of Ruxo alone on mortality, but highlighted an increased risk of death in the 11 out of 45 patients who discontinued treatment. These findings were also confirmed in a propensity score matching analysis. In conclusion, we found a high risk of mortality during COVID-19 infection among MPN patients, especially in MF patients and/or discontinuing Ruxo at COVID-19 diagnosis. These findings call for deeper investigation on the role of Ruxo treatment and its interruption, in affecting mortality in MPN patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Myeloproliferative Disorders/mortality , Pyrazoles/administration & dosage , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Withholding Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Aged , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19/virology , Europe/epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloproliferative Disorders/drug therapy , Myeloproliferative Disorders/epidemiology , Myeloproliferative Disorders/virology , Nitriles , Prognosis , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
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