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Working Paper Series - National Bureau of Economic Research (Massachusetts) 2022. (w29729):19 pp. 19 ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2002486

ABSTRACT

We study e-commerce across 47 economies and 26 industries during the COVID-19 pandemic using aggregated and anonymized transaction-level data from Mastercard, scaled to represent total consumer spending. The share of online transactions in total consumption increased more in economies with higher pre-pandemic e-commerce shares, exacerbating the digital divide across economies. Overall, the latest data suggest that these spikes in online spending shares are dissipating at the aggregate level, though there is variation across industries. In particular, the share of online spending in professional services and recreation has fallen below its pre-pandemic trend, but we observe a longer-lasting shift to digital in retail and restaurants.

2.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 76(SUPPL 110):496, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1570377

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic modified the way of practicing medicine, causing a changes in medical actions in the health professional and in their habits in relation to daily practices. Accelerated changes have taken place, which have led to the development and implementation of telemedicine as a very useful tool that allows professional contact with their patients, and on the other hand, access to up-to-date scientific training. Objetive: Evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activity of the allergist in Argentina during phase 1 of preventive and mandatory social isolation (april and may 2020). Determine the impact of the pandemic on allergic diseases. Analyze the use of telemedicine in daily practice. Method: It is a prospective, observational and cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was made to specialist doctors in Allergy and Immunology during april and may 2020 of preventive and compulsory social isolation, for subsequent statistical study. Results: 113 surveys were carried out, 72.9% showed a decrease in work practice by 50%, 20.7% between 25-50% and 6.3% less than 25%. The most frequent consultations were request for prescriptions in 67%, medical history certificates in 48%, rhinitis and urticaria in 46%, atopic dermatitis and asthma attack in 23%, and contact dermatitis in 5.3%. 94% implemented telemedicine, the most used tools were whatsapp/webcam (61%) followed by telephone assistance (38%). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the practice of the specialty in terms of the decrease in medical consultation, the way of working, interacting with patients, the need for protective equipment, with an emotional and economic cost. On the other hand, it gave the possibility of having other care alternatives such as telemedicine.

3.
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis ; 20:S80, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1361560

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at high risk of developing severe forms of viral respiratory infections. This study aimed at comparing symptoms and clinical course of SARS-CoV2 infection with other respiratory infections in patients with CF. Methods: We carried out a prospective multicentre cohort study within the Italian CF Society involving 32 CF centres following 6,597 patients. CF centres were contacted to collect baseline and follow-up data of all patients who had reported symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 or who had had contact with a positive/suspected case between the end of February and July 2020. Symptoms and clinical course of the infection were compared between patients who tested positive by molecular testing (cases) and those who tested negative (controls). Results: Thirty patients were reported from the centres, 16 of whom tested positive and 14 negative. Fever, cough, asthenia and dyspnea were the most frequently reported symptoms and their frequency were not significant different between groups. Eight cases (50%) were hospitalised but none required ICU admission. Two adults with a history of lung transplant required non-invasive ventilation;none required ICU admission. All patients fully recovered without short-term sequelae. Changes in FEV1 (percent of predicted) after recovery were not significantly different between groups (median, interquartile range: 3.0%, –1.5, 5.5 among cases and –3.0%, –8.5, 6.3 among controls, P = 0.48). Conclusions: Symptoms and clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection in our patients was not significantly different from other respiratory infections. The clinical course of COVID-19 was relatively favourable, however CF patients with severely impaired respiratory function and organ transplant may develop complications and a negative outcome. The study is ongoing, and we are recruiting patients during the second wave of the pandemic.

4.
Sustainability ; 12(14), 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1125757

ABSTRACT

The paper focuses on the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on some Italian farms. In particular, the aim is to investigate the consequences of the health emergency on diversified farms, their reactions, and their agricultural and rural policy needs in order to overcome the crisis. The research path investigates five farms of central Italy through semi-structured interviews. The identified case studies are characterized by the heterogeneity of features and farms' activities. These activities include agritourism, on-farm processing of plant and animal products (mainly olive oils, fruits, and cheese), bio-energy production, tastings and leisure activities, educational farms, and contracting of farm equipment. A qualitative-quantitative analysis based on textual analysis techniques, particularly content and sentiment analysis, was performed. The results highlight the importance of farm diversification and networks in farms' strategies in dealing with the Covid-19 crisis. Furthermore, the presence of both synergies and trade-offs in different types of diversification is found. These results have interesting policy implications that should be more explicitly taken into account to target the next rural development measures.

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