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1.
University of Toronto Medical Journal ; 99(2):53-59, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2011309

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could emerge not only as viral pneumonia but also as a cardiovascular disease. Thromboprophylaxis has been recommended by the current guidelines, especially COVID-19 patients who are hospitalized. On the other hand, these drugs might cause serious bleeding complications. Hereby, we aimed to report three cases with spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) developed after being administered thromboprophylaxis for severe COVID-19 pneumonia. In this case series, we draw attention to the rare, but mortal complication of the COVID-19 thromboprophylaxis regimen.

2.
Hacettepe Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi-Hacettepe University Journal of Education ; 37(3):994-1006, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1988643

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has affected education. Education is one of the areas affected. Although many countries closed educational institutions, as the government policy offered, Turkey continued through distance education. The aim of this study is finding out the effects of distance education on assignments and exams, distance education satisfaction level, and effects of some factors ( gender, employment status, state of education, age) on education. Sampling group consisted of 683 volunteer parents of students selected by simple random sampling method. "Distance Education Activities Satisfaction Scale" was developed for data collection Results show that gender and employment status created a significant difference in distance education satisfaction level;and state of education created a significant difference in effect of distance education on assignments and exams, distance education satisfaction level, and effect of COVID-19 on education. Furthermore, the effect of COVID-19 on education was predicted by some variables;effect of distance education on assignments and exams, parents' state of education and distance education satisfaction level.

3.
University of Toronto Medical Journal ; 99(2):53-59, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1857156

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could emerge not only as viral pneumonia but also as a cardiovascular disease. Thromboprophylaxis has been recommended by the current guidelines, especially COVID-19 patients who are hospitalized. On the other hand, these drugs might cause serious bleeding complications. Hereby, we aimed to report three cases with spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) developed after being administered thromboprophylaxis for severe COVID-19 pneumonia. In this case series, we draw attention to the rare, but mortal complication of the COVID-19 thromboprophylaxis regimen. © 2022, University of Toronto. All rights reserved.

4.
Eurasian Journal of Family Medicine ; 10(4):211-218, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1614604

ABSTRACT

Aim: Since blood types first appeared, their association with diseases caused by microorganisms has been further investigated with several studies for many years. The bond of blood groups described as A, B, AB, and O with coronavirus has been the research subject in many countries.We aimed to elucidate whether there was a relationship between blood types and Rh factor and contracting COVID-19 disease and disease severity. Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective case-control study. Between March 2020-February 2021, 1110 patients were included (538 cases, 572 controls). Disease severity was classified according to where patients were treated: those who were outpatients considered as “mild disease”, hospitalized in a hospital ward considered as “moderate disease”, and treated in the intensive care unit were considered as “severe disease”. Results: The number of people with blood type A was 447 (40.3%), blood type B was 197 (17.7%), blood type AB was 90 (%8), and blood type O was 376 (33.9%). There was no significant difference between the case and control groups according to the blood types. A 3.93 times increase of developing mild illness was detected compared to the control group in Rh-positive individuals. The rate of developing a severe disease was higher in females with blood type A than a mild disease, and A blood type caused the disease to be severe compared to other blood groups in females. Conclusion: We concluded that blood type A caused more severe disease than other blood types in females, and females with B blood type survived the disease as outpatients. Our study can shed light on pathophysiological investigation of the relationship between COVID-19 disease causing a pandemic with high mortality and virulence and blood types. © 2021, Eurasian Society of Family Medicine. All rights reserved.

5.
Early Child Development and Care ; : 13, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1585555

ABSTRACT

In this study, it was aimed to determine the difficulties in receiving care for infants who are in neonatal intensive care during the pandemic process. In this phenomenological study, interviews were conducted with semi-structured questions with the participants. While collecting the data, both observation and interview techniques were used. The situations that prevent getting care from nurses are as follows. The inability to establish skin-to-skin contact with the infant, the problems caused by the equipment that nurses have to wear, and the fear of COVID-19. Conditions that prevent receiving care from the mother are as follows: removal of family visits, interruption of kangaroo care, failure to initiate breastfeeding. As a result, infants faced many difficulties in receiving care during the pandemic period and their care could not be applied properly and regularly.

6.
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology ; 24(SUPPL 1):125-126, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1176081

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The exact treatment method of Covid-19 has not been found so far. However, some small-scale studies have shown the potential benefit of hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine (hydroxychloroquine treatment in our country) and azithromycin in Covid-19 treatment. It is known that these drugs (alone or combined use) may increase the risk of malignant arrhythmia such as torsades de pointes (polymorphic ventricular tachycardia) with prolonged QT interval. There is no data showing the effect of Favipiravir on cardiac arrhythmia. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin on the QTc interval in patient with Covid-19. Methods: Patients who hospitalized in our center between March and May 2020 for Covid-19 and treated with recommendations of Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health SARS-CoV-2 guide included in our study. The data of 142 consecutive patients who received hydroxychloroquine and/or azithromycin treatment were retrospectively analyzed and the QTc interval in ECG was calculated with the Bazzet formula. Patients who were already using hydroxychloroquine (i.e. because of autoimmune disease etc), hypersensitivity to hydroxychloroquine and/or azithromycin and patients who use drugs other than hydroxychloroquine and/or azithromycin that can prolong the QT interval were excluded. Patients with baseline QTc 500 milliseconds (msec) or longer were also excluded from the study. According to the protocol, ECG was performed all patients before treatment, and ECG controls were performed on the 1st, 3rd and 5th days of the treatment. Results: The mean age of the study population was 46.9±17.3. A total of 142 patients (50.7% male and 49.3% female), received hydroxychloroquine therapy, 36 patients (25%) received hydroxychloroquine monotherapy, while 106 patients (75%) received hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin combination therapy (Table 1). Majority of the patients were in sinus rhythm (%95,1) with mean baseline heart rate of 81.9±14.7 beats per minute. Mean baseline QTc values of 142 patients were 417.3±24 msec, ranging between 356-486 msec. There were no significant differences between the baseline, 1st, 3rd and 5th day's QTc values of two groups. (p>0.05). When each groups were evaluated for QTc prolongation during the therapy period, it was observed that the baseline QTc interval was significantly prolonged with treatment in both the hydroxychloroquine group and the hydroxychloroquine + azithromycin group (Table 2) (p<0.05). There were no patients required discontinuation of these medications, no malign arrhythmia and no arrhythmogenic deaths due to QTc prolongation (Table 3). Conclusions: Although treatment-related QTc prolongation is observed in our study population, no malignant arrhythmia was observed. Close monitoring of the treatment process by cardiologist and the predetermination of patients with long onset QTc distances are considered to be the most important factor in the safe management of the treatment.

7.
Konuralp Medical Journal ; 12(Special Issue):354-357, 2020.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1117229

ABSTRACT

We aimed to compile the effects of the preparations on the new coronavirus outbreak (Covid-19) in the largest pandemic, which is still visible in the world. Pandemics have caused millions of people to become ill, disabled and death for centuries. Thanks to past pandemics that deeply affect the society health, socially and economically, preparations have been made again against possible pandemics. Preparations may not go as planned. Desperation may occur for unforeseen situations. Despite these despair, the tool that can contribute in practice besides the basic principles in combating pandemics can be obtained from the past. Like every pandemic, the pandemic will end one day. Those applied and not implemented after the outbreak will be evaluated and will remain a lesson from the past for future outbreaks.

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