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1.
Am J Audiol ; : 1-15, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2133694

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe hearing health care and education experiences of children with cochlear implants (CIs) during the COVID-19 pandemic and the potential psychosocial effects of the pandemic on these children and their parents/family members. METHOD: The study used a cross-sectional survey design. The study sample comprised two groups, namely, parents/family members of children with CIs (study group, n = 70, M (age) = 44.6 ± 12.4 years) and parents/family members of children with normal hearing (control group, n = 58, M (age) = 43.8 ± 11.5 years). Parents/family members completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS), and the Family Perspective Profile form, as well as the Demographic Information form. RESULTS: The PSS scores of the study group were higher than those of the control group (p = .001). However, there was no statistically significant difference between groups in the CAS scores (p = .896). According to the Family Perspective Profile form, almost half of the parents/family members of children with CIs reported that their children experienced difficulties in education and hearing health care services during the pandemic and showed some changes in their attitudes and behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: During the pandemic, the stress levels of parents/family members of children with CIs were higher than parents/family members of children with normal hearing. In addition to the challenges posed by the pandemic, the difficulties that parents/family members of children with CIs experience in meeting their children's additional needs related to accessing education and hearing health care services may have contributed to increased stress levels.

2.
Klimik Dergisi ; 35(3):179-185, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2081563

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The probability of detecting viral and atypical agents in pneumonia patients has increased with the molecular methods used in recent years. We aimed to investigate pneumonia pathogens in endotracheal aspiration samples (ETA) of patients with severe community-acquired (CAP), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), and ventilator-asso-ciated pneumonia (VAP) by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (m-PCR) and culture method. Method(s): A prospective study was performed between December 2019 and October 2020. Patients 18 years and older with pneumonia followed in ICU on the mechanical ventilator were included. COVID-19 patients were excluded. Patients were grouped as CAP, HAP, and VAP. Two ETA samples were obtained from patients within 48 hours of the pneumonia diagnosis. Respiratory pathogens were investigated in samples by viral-bacterial m-PCR and bacterial culture methods. Result(s): 74 patients were included in the study. m-PCR of ETA samples achieved pathogen detection in 87.8% of patients compared with 58.1% with culture methods. The most common pathogen detected by m-PCR was Streptococcus pneumoniae in both CAP and HAP patients and Klebsiella spp. in VAP patients. The most common pathogen isolated by culture was Staphylococcus aureus in both CAP and HAP patients and Klebsiella spp. in VAP patients. Atypical pneumonia pathogens were positive for 14.9% of the patients. Atypical pathogens were recovered from 28.5% of CAP patients and 23.1% of HAP patients. Viruses constituted all of the atypical pathogens recovered from HAP patients. No atypical pathogen was found in VAP patients. Conclusion(s): In this study, S. pneumoniae was the most common pathogen detected with m-PCR, and S. aureus and Kleb-siella spp. were the most common pathogens detected with culture. Determination of microbial etiology of lower respiratory tract samples by molecular methods for diagnosing severe CAP and HAP may be beneficial in terms of treatment. Copyright © 2022, DOC Design and Informatics Co. Ltd.. All rights reserved.

3.
El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering ; 8(3):1286-1308, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1566989

ABSTRACT

Contemporary healthcare systems contain diverse computing devices that construct very complex systems to manage patients‘ data more efficiently. Connected computing devices, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) that may have limited processing powers, have contributed more than ever with the advent of wearable body area networks (WBAN). These devices are connected to other medical devices to share sensitive health data with corresponding entities like hospitals, research institutions, and insurance companies. Since health data are very sensitive, they should be always available to authorized entities and unavailable to other entities. Moreover, COVID-19 pandemic has added additional value to health data which case increases cyber-attacks on (Electronic health) E-health systems with different tools dramatically. In this paper, several cyber-attacks on E-health systems are explored. Particularly, we have focused on attacks to IoT based wearable health devices for body area networks. The paper contains the architecture of wearable health devices to show the potential attack surface. One of the main contributions of the paper is to present cyber-attacks on wearable e-health devices with ground robots. A tactical ground robot is portable devices that may be used to carry out several cyber-attacks on E-health systems. Moreover, the paper contains analyses of the attacks with ground robots. © 2021, TUBITAK. All rights reserved.

4.
Klimik Dergisi ; 33(3):324-326, 2020.
Article in Turkish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1050689

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus intermedius is part of the normal oropharyngeal, genitourinary and gastrointestinal flora, and can cause purulent infections characterized by abscess formation involving the brain and the liver tissue. In this report, multiple pyogenic liver abscesses due to S. intermedius in a 46-year-old male admitted to the emergency department with complaints of fever, cough, and weakness, and hospitalized with a diagnosis of suspected COVID-19 with pneumonia, is presented. The diagnosis was made by isolating the agent from the abscess. After percutaneous abscess drainage and antimicrobial treatment, the patient fully healed.

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