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Global Pandemic and Human Security: Technology and Development Perspective ; : 109-125, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322335


‘Biological hazard' is regarded as a major human security threat to people's well-being and development. In the era of globalisation and rapid technological development, COVID-19 pandemic once again revealed how an emerging communicable disease might impact not only health but also the socioeconomic ecology of people globally, while the related health risk can be mitigated by the employment of appropriate technology. The chapter examines how the latest World Health Organization Health-EDRM framework (2019) may inform the conceptualisation and assessment of health risks and proposes a Health-EDRM assessments framework for biological hazard. A case study of how health risks and vulnerability associated with home care may be reduced by employing technology in non-standard living context during pandemic and a case study of community resilience and community engagement are also included. The discussion also puts Health-EDRM framework into a human security perspective. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer 2022.

Annals of Tourism Research ; 100, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2293111
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 151(2):AB200, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2241044
Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems ; 447:359-368, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2239635
Acad Med ; 97(11): 1707-1721, 2022 11 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087855


PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic revealed a global urgency to address health care provision disparities, which have largely been influenced by systematic racism in federal and state policies. The World Health Organization recommends educational institutions train clinicians in cultural competence (CC); however, the mechanisms and interacting social structures that influence individuals to achieve CC have received little attention. This review investigates how postgraduate health and social science education approaches CC and how it accomplishes (or not) its goals. METHOD: The authors used critical realism and Whittemore and Knafl's methods to conduct a systematic integrated review. Seven databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, and ERIC) were searched from 2000 to 2020 for original research studies. Inclusion criteria were: the use of the term "cultural competence" and/or any one of Campinha-Bacote's 5 CC factors, being about postgraduate health and/or social science students, and being about a postgraduate curriculum or a component of it. Thematic analysis was used to reveal the mechanisms and interacting social structures underlying CC. RESULTS: Thirty-two studies were included and 2 approaches to CC (themes) were identified. The first theme was professionalized pedagogy, which had 2 subthemes: othering and labeling. The second theme was becoming culturally competent, which had 2 subthemes: a safe CC teaching environment and social interactions that cultivate reflexivity. CONCLUSIONS: CC conceptualizations in postgraduate health and social science education tend to view cultural differences as a problem and CC skills as a way to mitigate differences to enhance patient care. However, this generates a focus on the other, rather than a focus on the self. Future research should explore the extent to which insight, cognitive flexibility, and reflexivity, taught in safe teaching environments, are associated with increasing students' cultural safety, cultural humility, and CC.

COVID-19 , Cultural Competency , Humans , Cultural Competency/education , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Students , Social Sciences
7th International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, ICICT 2022 ; 447:359-368, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2014013
Update in Anaesthesia ; 36:77-85, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1960255
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation ; 41(4):S374-S374, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1848718