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Taiwan Gong Gong Wei Sheng Za Zhi ; 41(3):276-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964513


The Covid-19 pandemic has affected lifestyles and health worldwide, forcing countries to adopt different levels of epidemic prevention. In addition to restricting outdoor activities, some governments have suspended in-person classes, switching to online learning. Multiple scholars have conducted studies confirming that the prevalence of myopia among school children has worsened due to the implementation of pandemic restrictions. Since May 2020, the Taiwanese government has suspended all in-person classes, club activities, after-school tutoring, and parenting classes at schools, further escalating health experts' concerns about myopia. A literature review suggests that since the beginning of the pandemic, the prevalence of myopia increased considerably among school children, as they spent less than 1 hour in outdoor activities and at least 1 hour in online classes per day, often relying on mobile phones to complete coursework. Children also spent substantially more time engaged in close visual work and other screenrelated activities. During the pandemic, annual growth of diopter and axial length in school children were approximately >0.5-0.98 D and >0.2 mm, respectively. However, neither foreign nor domestic studies have proposed specific strategies for myopia prevention in the postpandemic era. Therefore, based on the literature review, this study proposes the following solutions: (1) strengthen life skills of children and parents in limiting close visual work;(2) assist teachers in adapting curriculum for online learning;(3) implement guidelines for the use and management of 3C products;and (4) introduce technological monitoring and tracking products. These 4 responses may prevent eyesight deterioration in school children due to pandemic restrictions. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2022;41(3):276-285)