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PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275754, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089414


INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries have drastically imbalanced health systems in different regions. The COVID-19 outbreak posed a further challenge as hospital structures, equipped with doctors, critical care units and respirators, were not available to a sufficient extent in all regions. OBJECTIVE: This study is a descriptive study on the efficiency of Malaysian states in facing the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODOLOGY: The efficiency of all Malaysian states was measured using Data Envelopment Analysis in which each state's Score of COVID Index (SCI) was quantified. The SCI of these states were then further compared between the year 2020 and 2021. A greater disparity would indicate a decline in the performance of a state over time, where nearly all the states in Malaysia experienced an increase in the score of COVID Index (SCI). RESULT: This study found that the central region was the most affected, since all the three states in the region (Selangor, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, and Federal Territory of Putrajaya) showed a situation of inadequacy (SCI: >0.75) due to the COVID-19 outbreak. CONCLUSION: The ranking of Malaysia's states according to their vulnerability to an outbreak of COVID-19 is vitally significant for the purposes of assisting the government and policymakers in planning their responses to the outbreak and ensuring that resources are distributed appropriately.

COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Malaysia/epidemiology