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Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(12): 2455-2462, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2141584


We evaluated daily rapid antigen test (RAT) data from 323 COVID-19-positive university students in Connecticut, USA, during an Omicron-dominant period. Day 5 positivity was 47% for twice-weekly screeners and 26%-28% for less-frequent screeners, approximately halving each subsequent day. Testing negative >10 days before diagnosis (event time ratio (ETR) 0.85 [95% CI 0.75-0.96]) and prior infection >90 days (ETR 0.50 [95% CI 0.33-0.76]) were significantly associated with shorter RAT positivity duration. Symptoms before or at diagnosis (ETR 1.13 [95% CI 1.02-1.25]) and receipt of 3 vaccine doses (ETR 1.20 [95% CI 1.04-1.39]) were significantly associated with prolonged positivity. Exit RATs enabled 53%-74% of students to leave isolation early when they began isolation at the time of the first positive test, but 15%-22% remained positive beyond the recommended isolation period. Factors associated with RAT positivity duration should be further explored to determine relationships with infection duration.

COVID-19 , Vaccines , Humans , Universities , Policy , Students
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 47(5): 1891-1898, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1802664


BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal complications of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) include abnormal liver function and acalculous cholecystitis. Cholecystostomy performed during the COVID-19 pandemic reflected a shift toward non-surgical treatment of cholecystitis and increased number of critically ill patients suffering from acalculous cholecystitis. PURPOSE: (1) To determine demographic, clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound features associated with cholecystostomy placement during hospitalization for COVID-19. (2) To develop multivariable logistic regression modeling for likelihood of biliary intervention. METHODS: This retrospective review received institutional review board approval. Informed consent was waived. Between March 2020 and June 2020, patients with confirmed SARS-CoV2 infection admitted to New York-Presbyterian Hospital (NYP)/Weill Cornell Medical Center, NYP/Lower Manhattan Hospital, and NYP/Queens were evaluated for inclusion in this study. Inclusion criteria were (1) patient age ≥ 18, (2) confirmed COVID-19 infection by polymerase chain reaction testing of a nasopharyngeal swab, and (3) abdominal ultrasound performed during hospitalization. Exclusion criteria were (1) history of cholecystectomy and (2) biliary intervention performed prior to abdominal ultrasound. Patients were stratified into two groups based on whether they received cholecystostomy during hospitalization. Differences in demographics, medical history, clinical status, medications, laboratory values, and ultrasound findings between the two groups were evaluated using Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and t test or Wilcoxon-rank sum test for continuous variables. Multivariable logistic regression was used to model likelihood of biliary intervention. RESULTS: Nine patients underwent cholecystostomy placement and formed the "Intervention Group." 203 patients formed the "No Intervention Group." Liver size and diuretics use during hospitalization were the only variables which were significantly different between the two groups, with p-values of 0.02 and 0.046, respectively. After controlling for diuretics use, the odds of receiving cholecystostomy increased by 30% with every centimeter increase in liver size (p = 0.03). ICU admission approached significance (p = 0.16), as did mechanical ventilation (p = 0.09), septic shock (p = 0.08), serum alkaline phosphatase level (p = 0.16), and portal vein patency (0.14). CONCLUSION: Patients requiring biliary intervention during hospital admission for COVID-19 were likely to harbor liver injury in the form of liver enlargement and require diuretics use.

Acalculous Cholecystitis , COVID-19 , Acalculous Cholecystitis/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Diuretics , Hospitalization , Humans , Pandemics , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome