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1.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-337747

ABSTRACT

Background: Ongoing outbreaks of COVID-19 have been associated with waning immunity following primary immunizations and emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants. Heterologous boosters have been suggested to maintain population immunity. Methods: In this study of heterologous boosters we assessed immunogenicity and reactogenicity of booster doses of different formulations of alum-adjuvanted SCB-2019 vaccine (9 μg SCB-2019 with or without CpG-1018 adjuvant, or 30 μg SCB-2019 with CpG-1018) in Brazilian adults primed with ChAdOx1-S vector vaccine. S-protein and ACE2 binding antibodies were measured by ELISA on Days 1, 15 and 29. Participants self-reported solicited adverse events and reactions. Results: All SCB-2019 formulations increased ELISA antibodies against S-protein and ACE2 to a greater extent than ChAdOx1-S. After 30 μg SCB-2019+CpG+alum titers against wild-type S-protein and ACE2 were significantly higher than after ChAdOx1-S on Days 15 and 29, as were GMTs for neutralizing antibodies against wild-type strain and Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Omicron variants. Boosting with SCB-2019 or ChAdOx1-S was well tolerated with no vaccine-related serious or severe adverse events. Conclusions: Heterologous boosting with SCB-2019 of ChAdOx1-S-primed adults was more efficient in increasing immunity against wild-type strain and SARS-CoV-2 variants than a homologous ChAdOx1-S booster, highest responses being with the 30 μg SCB-2019+CpG+alum formulation.

2.
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (Online) ; 16(24):149-164, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1857886

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze and visualize the research hotspots, evolution, and emerging trends of blended learning in a holistic way. In this study, 1657 biblio-metric records together with 48310 citations are collected from SCIE, SSCI and A&HCI databases. CiteSpace is adopted in the analysis and visualization. Results show: enhancing collaborative learning, pattern, and teacher training are the re-search hotspots in Period I, instructor perception, possible future direction, and research trend are the research hotspots in Period II, general science classroom, blended learning environment, and measuring student engagement are the re-search hotspots in Period III;the themes of covid-19 remain similar along the de-velopment, while the themes of digital health education change a lot;blended learning environment, online component, covid-19 pandemic, procrastinating be-havior, active blended learning, and observed learning orientation are the emerg-ing trends. These findings could provide research directions for future studies in blended learning.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5348, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842934

ABSTRACT

Coal is an important basic energy source, widely distributed throughout the world, but resource abundance is uneven. Despite the need to develop and form new energy sources, coal energy maintains its dominant position. However, due to the uneven distribution and non-renewable nature of coal resources, the relationship between the supply and demand of coal resources is tight. The rational exploitation of coal and reducing resource mining wastes are particularly important at the present stage. The original mining method of the Zhangjiamao coal mine resulted in a large waste of coal resources. After replacing the “110 construction method”, the original advanced end-support was canceled, which saved a lot of process time and engineering costs and greatly improved the mine production efficiency. With an average mining depth of +300 m, the working face is in a safe and stable state, and the 110-mining process has little impact on surface subsidence. Its successful application provides a reference experience for other mines to promote resource-saving and efficient mining.

4.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 18(2): 319-326, 2022 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1816974

ABSTRACT

Airborne transmission is much more common than previously thought. Based on our knowledge about SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) infection, the aerosol transmission routes for all respiratory infections must be reassessed. Thus far, the COVID-19 outbreak has caused catastrophic public health and economic crises, posing a serious threat to the lives and health of people around the world and directing public attention toward the airborne transmission of pathogens. The novel coronavirus transmission in the form of nanoaerosols in a wider range hinders prevention and early warning efforts. As a classical bioaerosol sampler, the Andersen six-stage sampler is widely used in the collection and research of aerosol particles. In this study, the physical and biological collection efficiency of the six-stage sampler was explored by qPCR and colony counting method. Results showed that the physical collection efficiency reached more than 50% when the particle size was larger than 0.75 µm. However, the overall biological collection efficiency was only 0.25%. In addition, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry were used to detect the microbial state after sampling, and the results showed that the proportion of the collected live bacteria was less than 15% of the total. This result is of great significance not only for the application of the Andersen six-stage sampler in collecting nanosized bioaerosols, but also provides reference for the selection of subsequent detection technologies for effective collection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nanoparticles , Aerosols/analysis , Humans , Particle Size , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 46(2): 297-308, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1816798

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a strong driver for moving more teaching and learning activities online. Border restrictions have had a severe impact on international students either hoping to enroll in courses offered in Australia or continue with such courses if they are already enrolled. The online learning experience is likely different between students onshore and offshore. This study took a unique opportunity to investigate any such differences in students' attitudes toward remote learning, necessitated by the pandemic, by comparing two cohorts of students, Australia versus China based. An anonymous survey using the Likert Scale and open-ended questions was available for student feedback on subject delivery. The students based in Australia expressed a preference for remote learning due to the convenience of attendance and availability of the video recordings. However, students in China had a strong preference for face-to-face sessions, with the lack of prior experience in an English-speaking learning environment and hesitance to speak with the lecturers and engage in the learning activities possible reasons for this. In quizzes, students in Australia performed better than those in China regardless of local or international student status. This difference may be due to the Australian-based students' prior experience of English-speaking environments and open-book quizzes. In conclusion, remote learning in a familiar language and learning environment is accepted by students, whereas if the teaching is delivered in a second language using unfamiliar teaching methods, remote learning will require additional scaffolding to enhance their learning experience.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Attitude , Australia/epidemiology , Humans , Language , SARS-CoV-2 , Students
6.
Infect Dis Model ; 7(2): 117-126, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1796729

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have proposed search engine-based estimation of COVID-19 prevalence during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, their estimation models do not consider the impact of various urban socioeconomic indicators (USIs). This study quantitatively analysed the impact of various USIs on search engine-based estimation of COVID-19 prevalence using 15 USIs (including total population, gross regional product (GRP), and population density) from 369 cities in China. The results suggested that 13 USIs affected either the correlation (SC-corr) or time lag (SC-lag) between search engine query volume and new COVID-19 cases ( p <0.05). Total population and GRP impacted SC-corr considerably, with their correlation coefficients r for SC-corr being 0.65 and 0.59, respectively. Total population, GRP per capita, and proportion of the population with a high school diploma or higher had simultaneous positive impacts on SC-corr and SC-lag ( p <0.05); these three indicators explained 37-50% of the total variation in SC-corr and SC-lag. Estimations for different urban agglomerations revealed that the goodness of fit, R 2 , for search engine-based estimation was more than 0.6 only when total urban population, GRP per capita, and proportion of the population with a high school diploma or higher exceeded 11.08 million, 120,700, and 38.13%, respectively. A greater urban size indicated higher accuracy of search engine-based estimation of COVID-19 prevalence. Therefore, the accuracy and time lag for search engine-based estimation of infectious disease prevalence can be improved only when the total urban population, GRP per capita, and proportion of the population with a high school diploma or higher are greater than the aforementioned thresholds.

8.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; 38(1):35-41, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1789501

ABSTRACT

In this study, the genomic RNA of HCoV-NL63 from throat swab samples obtained from cases of respiratory tract infection was sequenced. The cases were collected from clustered or sporadic epidemics in the Nanshan district of Shenzhen City in 2020. Four whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 strains were obtained and analyzed with phylogenetic tree reconstruction and other bioinformatics analyses. The sequence similarity among the four strains was 99.80%~99.98% for nucleotides and 99.64%~99.93% for amino acids. The four strains of HCoV-NL63 belonged to the B genotype, B2 subgenotype, which were on the same branch of the phylogenetic tree and were genetically closest to MK334046.1. Analysis of the amino acid variation sites of the S protein indicated that L196F was present in the strains obtained from sporadic epidemic cases, and A946S was present in the strains acquired from clustered epidemic cases. The prediction of N-glycosylation sites indicated ten N-glycosylation sites in S protein and two N-glycosylation sites in M protein. Through whole genome sequencing and feature analysis, we determined that the HCoV-NL63 obtained in this study probably originated from the Guangzhou virus strain. Our current results provide some clues as to the basis for biological traceability, and might facilitate future epidemic prevention and control.

10.
International Journal of Conflict Management ; 33(2):181-202, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1741091

ABSTRACT

Purpose>In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, this study aims to explore how working remotely might impact the superior–subordinate relationship. Specifically, this study examines how immediacy explains articulated dissent, considers how an individual’s attitudes toward online communication predicts immediacy and articulated dissent and compares these relationships in England, Australia and the USA.Design/methodology/approach>Three nations were examined: Australia, England and the USA (n = 1,776). Surveys included demographic questions and the following measures: organizational dissent scale, perceived immediacy measure, computer-mediated immediate behaviors measure and measure of online communication attitude.Findings>The results reveal supervisors’ computer-mediated immediate behaviors and perceived immediacy both positively predict dissent. Some aspects of online communication attitudes positively predict computer-mediated immediate behaviors and perceived immediacy. In addition, attitudes toward online communication positively predict dissent. National culture influences some of these relationships;in each case the effects were substantively larger for the USA when compared to the other nations.Originality/value>This study is the first to cross-culturally analyze dissent and immediacy. In addition, this study considers the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic influences the superior–subordinate relationship.

11.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; 43(20):2241-2249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1737452

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics of liver and kidney injuries and investigate its effect on the severity and mortality in the COVID-19 patients.

12.
Management Communication Quarterly ; : 08933189221076859, 2022.
Article in English | Sage | ID: covidwho-1731439

ABSTRACT

More than 5.89 million people have died from COVID-19. Due to COVID-19, there is a need for organizations to reconsider their structures and systems in response to increased remote working and decreased face-to-face (FTF) interactions. This study analyzes organizational relationships, specifically the supervisor-subordinate relationship. This study examines the link between supervisor-subordinate immediacy and organizational identification in mediated communication. Participants from three nations (n = 1776) were explored to test the assumption that supervisor-subordinate immediacy explains organizational identification. The United States, Australia, and England were chosen as focal nations due to the differing government responses to the COVID-19 outbreak. Results revealed supervisors? perceived computer-mediated immediate behaviors and subordinates? perceived immediacy with their supervisors were positive predictors of organizational identity. U.S. supervisors were perceived to use higher levels of computer-mediated immediacy behaviors and have more perceived immediacy than Australian and English supervisors. Australian supervisors had higher levels of perceived immediacy than English supervisors.

13.
Food Qual Prefer ; 97: 104482, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1719758

ABSTRACT

Sudden loss of smell and/or taste has been identified as an early symptom of SARS-CoV-2 2019 (COVID-19) infection, and presents an effective target for prompt self-isolation and reducing community spread. The current study sought to develop and test a novel, rapid, self-administered test to objectively measure smell and taste losses associated with COVID-19, and administered self-report questionnaires to characterise symptoms associated with COVID-19 in Singapore. Participants (N = 99) completed questionnaires to record recent changes in smell and taste ability. This was followed by the 'Singapore Smell and Taste Test' (SSTT), a personal, objective testing kit for daily self-assessment of smell and taste function at their place of residence. Seventy-two recruited participants were confirmed as COVID-19 positive at baseline, of which 58 completed the SSTT at home. Of these, 36.2% had objectively measured smell and/or taste loss. The SSTT measures of smell and taste function were positively associated with participants' self-reported smell and taste acuity, and rated smell intensity of 6 common household items. This study presents the first application of the SSTT as a rapid, cost-effective, objective tool to self-monitor smell and taste function in a residential setting, and ensures comparability across individuals through the use of standardised stimuli. The SSTT has potential for future application in populations with limited access to formal COVID-19 testing as a self-administered objective method to monitor sudden changes in smell and taste, and to prompt early self-isolation, in order to reduce community transmission of COVID-19.

14.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 36(4): e24306, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1707939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Detecting neutralizing antibodies targeting receptor-binding domain (RBD) is important for the assessment of humoral protection and vaccine efficacy after vaccination. We compared the performance of three surrogate immunoassays for detection of neutralizing antibodies targeting RBD. METHODS: We analyzed 115 serum samples obtained from individuals with Ad5-vectored COVID-19 vaccination using two competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (Wantai BioPharm and Synthgene Medical Technology) and one competitive chemiluminescence assay (YHLO Biotech). Performance evaluation and methodology comparison were performed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute related guidelines. RESULTS: The precision met the manufacturers' statements. The linear range of the WANTAI was 0.0625-0.545 U/ml and the YHLO was 0.260-242.4 U/ml. The WANTAI's limit of blank (LoB) and limit of detection (LoD) were 0.03 and 0.06 U/ml, respectively. The YHLO's LoB and LoD were 0.048 and 0.211 U/ml, respectively. The correlations of semi-quantitative results of Synthgene with quantitative results of YHLO (ρ = 0.566) and WANTAI (ρ = 0.512) were medium. For YHLO and WANTAI, there was a good agreement (0.62) and a strong correlation (ρ = 0.931). Passing-Bablok analysis and Bland-Altman plot showed a positive bias (112.3%) of the YHLO compared to the WANTAI. The exclusion of samples >50 U/ml did not decrease bias. CONCLUSION: These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of surrogate viral neutralization assays and provide useful data for future comparison studies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adenoviridae/genetics , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Immunoassay/methods , Vaccination
15.
Cell Discov ; 8(1): 16, 2022 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1692632

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants of concern (VOCs) continue to wreak havoc across the globe. Higher transmissibility and immunologic resistance of VOCs bring unprecedented challenges to epidemic extinguishment. Here we describe a monoclonal antibody, 2G1, that neutralizes all current VOCs and has surprising tolerance to mutations adjacent to or within its interaction epitope. Cryo-electron microscopy structure showed that 2G1 bound to the tip of receptor binding domain (RBD) of spike protein with small contact interface but strong hydrophobic effect, which resulted in nanomolar to sub-nanomolar affinities to spike proteins. The epitope of 2G1 on RBD partially overlaps with angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) interface, which enables 2G1 to block interaction between RBD and ACE2. The narrow binding epitope but high affinity bestow outstanding therapeutic efficacy upon 2G1 that neutralized VOCs with sub-nanomolar half maximal inhibitory concentration in vitro. In SARS-CoV-2, Beta or Delta variant-challenged transgenic mice and rhesus macaque models, 2G1 protected animals from clinical illness and eliminated viral burden, without serious impact to animal safety. Mutagenesis experiments suggest that 2G1 is potentially capable of dealing with emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants in the future. This report characterized the therapeutic antibodies specific to the tip of spike against SARS-CoV-2 variants and highlights the potential clinical applications as well as for developing vaccine and cocktail therapy.

16.
EuropePMC;
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-327285

ABSTRACT

The emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC) harbor mutations associated with increasing transmission and immune escape, hence undermine the effectiveness of current COVID-19 vaccines. In late November of 2021, the Omicron (B.1.1.529) variant was identified in South Africa and rapidly spread across the globe. It was shown to exhibit significant resistance to neutralization by serum not only from convalescent patients, but also from individuals recieving currently used COVID-19 vaccines with multiple booster shots. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop next generation vaccines against VOCs like Omicron. In this study, we develop a panel of mRNA-LNP-based vaccines using the receptor binding domain (RBD) of Omicron and Delta variants, which are dominant in the current wave of COVID-19. In addition to the Omicron- and Delta-specific vaccines, the panel also includes a Hybrid vaccine that uses the RBD containing all 16 point-mutations shown in Omicron and Delta RBD, as well as a bivalent vaccine composed of both Omicron and Delta RBD-LNP in half dose. Interestingly, both Omicron-specific and Hybrid RBD-LNP elicited extremely high titer of neutralizing antibody against Omicron itself, but few to none neutralizing antibody against other SARS-CoV-2 variants. The bivalent RBD-LNP, on the other hand, generated antibody with broadly neutralizing activity against the wild-type virus and all variants. Surprisingly, similar cross-protection was also shown by the Delta-specifc RBD-LNP. Taken together, our data demonstrated that Omicron-specific mRNA vaccine can induce potent neutralizing antibody response against Omicron, but the inclusion of epitopes from other variants may be required for eliciting cross-protection. This study would lay a foundation for rational development of the next generation vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 VOCs.

17.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-323632

ABSTRACT

Background: Early warnings of emerging infectious disease are crucial to prevent epidemics. However, in the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, traditional infectious disease surveillance failed to deliver a warning alert. The aim of this work is to develop search-engine-based surveillance methods for the early warning and prediction of COVID-19 outbreaks. Methods: By using more than 444 million Baidu search queries from China as training set, we collected 32 keywords from the Baidu Search Index that may related to COVID-19 outbreak from 18 December 2019 to 11 February 2020. The Beijing Xinfadi outbreak from 30 May 2020 to 30 July 2020 was used as independent test set. A multiple linear regression was applied to model the relationship between the daily query frequencies of keywords and the daily new cases. Findings: Our results show that 11 keywords in search queries were highly correlated to the daily numbers of confirmed cases (r =0.96, P <0.01). An abnormal initial peak (1.46 times the normal volume) in queries appeared on 31 December 2019, which could have served as an early warning signal for an outbreak. Of particular concern, on this day, the volume of the query “Wuhan Seafood Market” increased by over 240 times (from 10 to 2410), the volume of the query “Wuhan outbreak” increased by over 622 times (from 7 to 4359), and 17.5% of China’s query volume originated from Hubei Province, 51.15% of which was from Wuhan city. The quantitative model using four keywords (“Epidemic”, “Masks”, “Coronavirus” and “Clustered pneumonia”) successfully predicted the daily numbers of cases for the next two days, and detected an early signal during the Beijing Xinfadi outbreak (R2 =0.80). Interpretation: Our study demonstrates the ability of search engine query data to detect COVID-19 outbreaks, and suggests that abnormalities in query volume can serve as early warning signals.

18.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315375

ABSTRACT

Background: Rapid and convenient screening for identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals are key to prevent and control this pandemic. Methods The peripheral blood samples were collected from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients and asymptomatic carriers to evaluate the test characteristics of the IgM-IgG combined assay for SARS-CoV-2 compared to that of serum samples and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). Close contacts, healthcare workers and workforces were recruited and screened using this assay. Results The sensitivity of the rapid IgM-IgG combined antibody test for SARS-CoV-2 using peripheral blood (sued as a POCT) was 97.0% and the specificity was 99.2%, which was consistent with the result obtained using serum sample (consistency is about 100%). Furthermore, this POCT assay also can detect IgM and IgG antibodies of SARS-CoV‐2 in asymptomatic carriers, with 19 of the 20 RT-PCR confirmed asymptomatic carriers testing positive. Therefore, this POCT assay was used for population screening of SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis. First, it found 4 positive close contacts among the 10 cases, and there were three IgM positive cases and one IgG positive case among them. It is worth noting that the IgM positive cases also tested positive for the nucleic acid of the SARS-CoV-2. Second, there was one IgM positive assay among the 63 healthcare workers, but RT-PCR of SARS CoV-2 was negative. Third, for workforces screening, there were no positive cases. Conclusions The IgM-IgG combined antibody test of SARS-CoV-2 can be used as a POCT for rapid screening of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

19.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315333

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the first case of a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection pneumonia was detected in Wuhan, China, a series of confirmed cases of the COVID-19 were found in Southwest China. The aim of this study was to describe the imaging manifestations of hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection in southwest China. Methods: In this retrospective study, data were collected from 131 patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from 3 Chinese hospitals. Their common clinical manifestations, as well as characteristics and evolvement features of chest CT images, were analyzed. Results: A total of 100 (76%) patients had a history of close contact with people living in Wuhan , Hubei. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 included cough, fever. Most of the lesions identified in chest CT images were multiple lesions of bilateral lungs, lesions were more localized in the peripheral lung, 109 (83%) patients had more than two lobes involved, 20 (15%) patients presented with patchy ground glass opacities, patchy ground glass opacities and consolidation of lesions co-existing in 61 (47%) cases. Complications such as pleural thickening, hydrothorax, pericardial effusion, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes were detected but only in rare cases. For the follow-up chest CT examinations (91 cases), We found 66 (73%) cases changed very quickly, with an average of 3.5 days, 25 cases (27%) presented absorbed lesions, progression was observed in 41 cases (46%), 25 (27%) cases showed no significant changes. Conclusion: Chest CT plays an important role in diagnosing COVID-19. The imaging pattern of multifocal peripheral ground glass or mixed consolidation is highly suspicious of COVID-19, that can quickly change over a short period of time.

20.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315066

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze chest Computed Tomography (CT) findings in COVID-19 pneumonia and identify features associated with poor prognosis. Methods: This retrospective review included 46 patients with RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 infection. Basic clinical characteristics and detailed CT features were evaluated and compared between patients who recovered (n = 40) from coronavirus and those who expired (n = 6). Chest CT examinations for ground-glass opacity, crazy-paving pattern, consolidation, and fibrosis were scored by two reviewers. The total CT score comprised the sum of lung involvement (5 lobes, scores 1-5 for each lobe, range;0, none;25, maximum) was determined. Results: We analyzed clinical data from 46 patients (26 males and 20 females;age 9-82 years) with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia were evaluated. The chest CTs showed 27 (58.7%) patients had ground-glass opacity, 19 (41.3%) had ground glass and consolidation, and 35 (76.1%) patients had crazy-paving pattern. None of the patients who expired had fibrosis, in contrast to six (15%) patients who recovered from coronavirus. Most patients had subpleural lesions (89.0%), bilateral (87.0%) and lower (93.0%) lung lobe involvement. Diffuse lesions were present in four (67%) patients who succumbed to coronavirus, but only one (2.5%) patient who recovered (p = 0.000). CT identified a greater area of lung lobe involvement in patients who died (p = 0.000). In the group of patients who expired, the total CT score was higher than that of the recovery group (17.2 ± 7.8 vs. 7.1 ± 4.3, p = 0.005). Patients in the death group had lower lymphocyte count and higher C-reactive protein than those in the recovery group (p = 0.011 and p = 0.041, respectively). Conclusion: The CT of patients with COVID-19 mainly showed ground-glass opacity and ground-glass opacity plus consolidation, with a peripheral lower lobe preference. Early fibrosis may correlate with well prognosis. Lymphopenia, elevated C-reactive protein, and high CT score in conjunction with diffuse distribution of lung lesions are indicative of disease severity and short- term mortality.

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