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2.
Nature ; 2022 Apr 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1799583

ABSTRACT

Studying tissue composition and function in non-human primates (NHPs) is crucial to understand the nature of our own species. Here we present a large-scale cell transcriptomic atlas that encompasses over 1 million cells from 45 tissues of the adult NHP Macaca fascicularis. This dataset provides a vast annotated resource to study a species phylogenetically close to humans. To demonstrate the utility of the atlas, we have reconstructed the cell-cell interaction networks that drive Wnt signalling across the body, mapped the distribution of receptors and co-receptors for viruses causing human infectious diseases, and intersected our data with human genetic disease orthologues to establish potential clinical associations. Our M. fascicularis cell atlas constitutes an essential reference for future studies in humans and NHPs.

3.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-332958

ABSTRACT

As SARS-CoV-2 Omicron and other variants of concern continue spreading around the world, development of antibodies and vaccines to confer broad and protective activity is a global priority. Here, we report on the identification of a special group of nanobodies from immunized alpaca with exceptional breadth and potency against diverse sarbecoviruses including SARS-CoV-1, Omicron BA.1, and BA.2. Crystal structure analysis of one representative nanobody, 3-2A2-4, revealed a highly conserved epitope between the cryptic and the outer face of the receptor binding domain (RBD). The epitope is readily accessible regardless of RBD in up or down conformation and distinctive from the receptor ACE2 binding site. Passive delivery of 3-2A2-4 protected K18-hACE2 mice from infection of authentic SARS-CoV-2 Delta and Omicron. This group of nanobodies and the epitope identified should provide invaluable reference for the development of next generation antibody therapies and vaccines against wide varieties of SARS-CoV-2 infection and beyond.

4.
Transport Policy ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1783779

ABSTRACT

As an essential sub-network of the global liner shipping network, China's international liner shipping network was the earliest to be affected by the COVID-19 and also had a significant impact on the global shipping network. This paper uses Automatic Identification System (AIS) data to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on the typical route networks and major ports of China's international liner shipping. On this basis, the changes in network efficiency and connectivity under the failure of important nodes is simulated. The research finds that, during the epidemic period, the scale of China's international liner shipping network increased, with more routes gathering at fewer hub ports. Still, the overall connectivity and connection strength declined. Meanwhile, the epidemic caused fluctuations in container volume and the mismatch of ship cargo capacity supply, in which China-U.S. routes was the most prominent. From the view of node, the competitiveness of China's mainland ports was significantly promoted during the epidemic. In addition, ports such as Busan, Singapore, and Hong Kong substantially impacted China's international liner shipping network. The current study might be helpful for the industry management departments and related companies to prepare contingency plans, thus enhancing the resilience of the logistics chain and ensuring the stability of the global supply chain.

6.
Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.) ; : 1-12, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1743537

ABSTRACT

Investigating the contributing factors of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) has always been an important topic in the field of traumatic psychology research. The current study explored the influences of pandemic/epidemic experiences, meditation experiences, and trait mindfulness on PTSS and the mediating role of emotional resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 522 participants in Hubei province completed the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Adolescents’ Emotional Resilience Questionnaire, and the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5. The results showed that (1) participants who had family or friends diagnosed with COVID-19 scored higher on avoidance. (2) Participants who had family or friends had been diagnosed with SARS or H1N1 scored higher on PTSS. (3) Participants with meditation experience scored significantly higher on all dimensions of PTSS, other than avoidance. (4) The mediating role of recovering from negative emotions in the relationship between trait mindfulness and PTSS was significant (95%CI= [-0.212, -0.094]), while the generating positive emotion was not significant (95%CI= [-0.050, 0.071]). Individuals with pandemic/epidemic experience are more likely to have a high level of PTSS. Individuals who have meditation experience also express a higher level of PTSS, which may be a result of the quality of meditation. Trait mindfulness and the ability to recover from negative emotions were protective factors against PTSS.

7.
Appl Nanosci ; : 1-7, 2022 Feb 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1707936

ABSTRACT

The importance of ferritin as an inflammatory marker is well recognized. However, it is unknown whether this differs between Covid-19 and non-Covid-19 patients. The blood levels of ferritin, white blood cells (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and lactate dehydrogenase may all be measured to check whether there is a difference. The researchers want to see if the inflammatory process changes between these two kinds (LDH). Methodology: Blood samples were collected from 119 COVID-19 patients in the hospital and 50 healthy persons. Corona virus was discovered when a nasopharyngeal swab was collected and tested using the RT-PCR technique. Ferritin, LDH, WBC, and CRP were also tested using Min Vidus, AccEnT 200, Ruby system, and Latx in that sequence. The study revealed that COVID-19 patients had higher levels of ferritin, WBC, CRP, and LDH in their blood than healthy people, with values of 539,08 ng/mL, 44.7109/L, 22.95 mg/L, and 403.95 U/L for COVID-19 patients versus 77.103 ng/mL, 4.9.4109/L, 6.53 mg/L, and 171.56 U/L for healthy people. According to the existing data, males are more likely to be infected with COVID-19 (81%) than females (32%), and females had greater ferritin, CRP, WBC, and LDH levels than males. Because they are related to an optimum test for predicting COVID-19 infection, the recommended cut-off values for ferritin, WBC, CRP, and LDH are 109.8 ng/mL, 14.9109/L, 10.15 mg/L, and 229.33 U/L, respectively. Finally, an increase in ferritin levels in the inflammatory response to COVID-19 is linked to an increase in inflammatory markers including CRP, WBC, and LDH, which may assist in the diagnosis of COVID-19 infection.

8.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-324138

ABSTRACT

The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has greatly affected people’s normal production, living, social and economic activities. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is expected to become a powerful tool to monitor the dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 at the community level, which has attracted the attention of scholars all over the world. However, there is not yet a standard protocol to guide its implementation. In this paper, we attempt to propose a technical framework of relative quantification for determining the virus abundance in wastewater and estimating the infection rate in corresponding communities, which is expected to achieve horizontal and vertical comparability in virtue of human-specific biomarkers as internal references. A comprehensive theoretical framework for relative quantification of viruses by qPCR is provided and discussed in detail. Critical factors affecting the virus detectability in wastewater and the estimation of infection rate include virus concentration methods, lag-period, per capita virus shedding amount, sewage generation rate, temperature-related decay kinetics of virus/biomarkers in wastewater, and hydraulic retention time (HRT), etc. Theoretical simulation shows that the main factors affecting the detectability of virus in sewage are per capita virus shedding amount and sewage generation rate. While the decay of SARS-CoV-2 in sewage is a relatively slow process, which has limited impact on its detection. Under the ideal condition of high per capita virus shedding amount and low sewage generation rate, WBE can give early warning for single infected person among 400,000 people.

9.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-318919

ABSTRACT

Background: To evaluate recurrence of lymphedema and its influencing factors in discharged breast cancer patients with treated lymphedema during the COVID-19 pandemic and to propose feasible improvements. Methods: A multicenter, cross-sectional, hospital-based survey of discharged breast cancer patients was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic in eight first-class hospitals in Wuhan city, China. Norman Questionnaire was used for assessing lymphedema, and multivariable binary logistic regression was performed to risk factors of moderate or severe lymphedema. Difference in living characteristics, anxiety and depression between no or mild group and moderate or severe group were compared. Preference in management of lymphedema were collected. Results: 202 valid patients were included. 191 participants reported recurred lymphedema (prevalence: 94.6%, 95%CI 90.5% to 97.3%). 134 of them was mild and 57 were moderate/severe. In the 191 patients, the main symptom was swelling (140, 69.3%) and pain (56, 27.7%). Multivariable regression showed that age (odds ratio, 1.06, 95%CI: 1.02-1.10), radical surgery (OR=4.35, 95%CI: 1.54-12.50) and fully complete radiotherapy (OR=2.62, 95%CI: 1.17-5.87, P=0.019) was associated with the risk of moderate or severe lymphedema. No significant difference in lifestyles was observed but moderate or severe group experienced higher rate of anxiety and depression. patients preferred treatment in hospital and self-care at home equally. Conclusion: The high recurrence rate of lymphedema in breast cancer patients with during COVID-19 should draw our great attention, continuous efforts should be made to identify patient at risk of lymphedema and distribute feasible guidance and education for self-management for these patients.

10.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-312810

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan started in December 2019 and was under control by the end of March 2020 with a total of 50,006 confirmed cases by the implementation of a series of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) including unprecedented lockdown of the city. This study analyzes the complete outbreak data from Wuhan, assesses the impact of these public health interventions, and estimates asymptomatic and undetected cases in the outbreak. Methods: By taking different stages of the outbreak into account, we developed a time-dependent compartmental model to describe the dynamics of disease transmission and case detection and reporting. Model coefficients were parameterized by using the reported cases and following key events and escalated control strategies. Then the model was used to calibrate the complete outbreak data by using the Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) method. Finally we used the model to estimate asymptomatic and undetected cases and approximate the overall antibody prevalence level. Results: We found that the transmission rate between Jan 24 and Feb 1 was twice as large as that before the lockdown on Jan 23 and 67.6% (95% CI [0.584;0.759]) of detectable infections occurred during this period.. Based on the reported estimates that around 20% of infections were asymptomatic and their transmission ability was about 70% of symptomatic ones, we estimated that there were about 14,448 undetected cases (95% CI [12,364;23,254]), which yields an estimate of a total of 64,454 infected cases (95% CI [62,370;73,260]), and the overall antibody prevalence level in the population of Wuhan was 0.745% (95% CI [0.693%, 0.814%]) by March 31, 2020. Conclusions: We conclude that the control of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan was achieved via the enforcement of a combination of multiple NPIs: the lockdown on Jan 23, the stay-at-home order on Feb 2, the massive isolation of all symptomatic individuals via newly constructed special shelter hospitals on Feb 6, and the large scale screening process on Feb 18. Our results indicate that the population in Wuhan is far away from establishing herd immunity and provide insights for other affected countries and regions in designing control strategies and adjusting reopen plans.

11.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-307610

ABSTRACT

Background: Cytokine storms are a common complication in severely ill patients with COVID-19, for which corticosteroid therapy (CsT) is used as adjuvant treatment. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of CsT in patients with COVID-19. Methods: : A single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted in 1,392 severely ill patients with COVID-19 from Wuhan Huoshenshan Hospital. Patients received at least one dose (1–2 mg·kg -1 ·day -1 for 3–5 days) of methylprednisolone were divided into CsT group, whereas the rest were assigned into the non-CsT group. Results: : Of 1,392 patients, 116 were assigned to the CsT group and 1,226 to the non-CsT group. Patients in the CsT group showed comparable mortality rate (1.8% vs. 1.2%, P > 0.99) and viral clearance time (44.5 days vs. 46.0 days, P = 0.48), but longer hospitalization time (21 days vs. 12 days, P < 0.001) than those in non-CsT group. During CsT, the proportion of lymphocytes was lower (14.7 % vs. 18.5 %, P = 0.01), while neutrophils was higher (77.1 % vs. 69.8 %, P < 0.001), than before treatment. The C-reactive protein (CRP) level was significantly lower after CsT (3.1 mg/L vs. 9.5 mg/L, P < 0.001). Furthermore, indicators of liver function (gamma-glutamyl transferase [GGT], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], and aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and cardiac function (brain natriuretic peptide [BNP], α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase [α-HBDH], and lactate dehydrogenase [LDH]) increased significantly during CsT but returned to normal after CsT. Patients who developed liver damage showed higher GGT, ALT, AST, LDH, Cre, and CRP;patients who developed heart injury had higher AST, LPH, CRP, lymphocyte (LYM), glucose, BNP, and α-HBDH;and patients who developed kidney failure had higher α-HBDH, LDH, CRP, and LYM values than before CsT. Additionally, patients who received CsT with cardiovascular disease showed a continuous elevation in D-dimer levels. Conclusions: : CsT effectively attenuates the inflammatory response in severely ill patients with COVID-19 at a relatively low dose in a short duration;however, CsT increases the risk of hepatic and cardiac abnormalities.

12.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-325367

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a serious threat to global public health, including a wide range of metal health problems. Current research focuses mainly on mental health status and related factors among Chinese university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: : Data from 11133 participants was obtained through an online survey of university students in mainland China. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), respectively. Results: : In total, 37.0% of the subjects were experiencing depressive symptoms, 24.9% anxiety symptoms, 20.9% comorbid depressive and anxiety symptoms, and 7.3% suicidal ideation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed an increased presence of mental health problems in female students, graduate students, and those with personal COVID-19 exposure. Living with family and awareness of COVID-19 were protective factors against depressive and anxiety symptoms. In addition, male, depressive and anxiety symptoms were risk factors for suicidal ideation. Living with family, graduate students, prevention and control measures and projections of COVID-19 trends were protective factors against suicidal ideation. Conclusions: : The findings underlined that the mental health of university students should be monitored, and provided important information for healthcare planning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

13.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-325195

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a globally emerging infectious disease. As the global epidemic continues to spread, the risk of COVID-19 transmission and diffusion in the world will also remain. Currently, several studies describing its clinical characteristics have focused on the initial outbreak, but rarely to the later stage. Here we described clinical characteristics, risk factors for disease severity and in-hospital outcome in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia from Wuhan. Methods: : Patients with COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from February 13 to March 8, 2020, were retrospectively enrolled. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for disease severity and in-hospital outcome and establish predictive models. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the predictive value of above models. Results: : 106 (61.3%) of the patients were female. The mean age of study populations was 62.0 years, of whom 73 (42.2%) had underlying comorbidities mainly including hypertension (24.9%). The most common symptoms on admission were fever (67.6%) and cough (60.1%), digestive symptoms (22.0%) was also very common. Older age (OR: 3.420;95%Cl: 1.415-8.266;P=0.006), diarrhea (OR: 0.143;95%Cl: 0.033-0.611;P=0.009) and lymphopenia (OR: 4.769;95%Cl: 2.019-11.266;P=0.000) were associated with severe illness on admission;the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of predictive model were 0.860 (95%CI: 0.802-0.918;P=0.000). Older age (OR: 0.309;95%Cl: 0.142-0.674;P=0.003), leucopenia (OR: 0.165;95%Cl: 0.034-0.793;P=0.025), increased lactic dehydrogenase (OR: 0.257;95%Cl: 0.100-0.659;P=0.005) and interleukins-6 levels (OR: 0.294;95%Cl: 0.099-0.872;P=0.027) were associated with poor in-hospital outcome;AUC of predictive model were 0.752 (95%CI: 0.681-0.824;P=0.000). Conclusion: Older patients with diarrhea and lymphopenia need early identification and timely intervention to prevent the progression to severe COVID-19 pneumonia. However, older patients with leucopenia, increased lactic dehydrogenase and interleukins-6 levels are at a high risk for poor in-hospital outcome. Trial registration: ChiCTR2000029549

14.
Zhongguo Bingdubing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Viral Diseases ; - (6):455, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1675352

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genomics characteristics and nucleic acid detection results of the severe Acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) in 2 297 clinical samples collected in January and February, 2020 in Laboratory of Microbiology of Changsha Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Methods Viral RNA of throat swabs or respiratory tract specimens of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) suspected cases from January 19, 2020 to February 29, 2020 was extracted and SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.The full length genome of SARS-CoV-2 in positive samples was enriched by using viral genome capture kit and sequenced on Illumina MiSeq platform.The raw reads were mapped and aligned with SPAdes software v 3.13.0.Reference SARS-CoV-2 sequences were obtained from GISAID(https://www.gisaid.org) andviral genetic evolution and antigen variation were analyzed. Results A total of 215 SARS-Co V2-nucleic acid positive samples were identified from 2 297 clinical samples.Among the SARS-Co V2-positive samples, 110 were males and 105 were from females.The male to female ratio was 1.05∶1.The highest positive rate was among 40-<60 years old people(11.35%) and the lowest positive rate was in children under 6 years old(5.49%).The peak of newly confirmed cases was in the 5 th week(January 26 to February 1, 2020) and then decreased.There was no newly positive case after February 25, 2020.Five SARS-Co V2-whole genome sequences were obtained and there were 4 to 6 nucleotide mutations compared to the Wuhan reference strain, and the homology was more than 99.90%.Most mutations occurred only once except C8782 T and T28144 C, indicating random mutations.Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the 5 sequences belonged to the L/B or S/A lineages and were highly homologous with strains prevalent in other provinces of China at the same time. Conclusions With the quick nucleic acid tests and quarantine measures, the SARS-Co V2-positive cases in Changsha began to decline after a 2-week increasing period, and there was no new confirmed cases 6 weeks later.The genomes of SARS-Co V-2 prevalent in Changsha are highly homology with the Wuhan strains in the early 2020 and no obvious mutation is found in the local pandemic period. Reset

15.
JACS Au ; 1(12): 2315-2327, 2021 Dec 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1605422

ABSTRACT

For using targeted covalent inhibitors (TCIs) as anticancer and antiviral drugs, we establish that the model compounds PCMPS (p-chloromercuriphenyl sulfate) and PCMB (p-chloromercuribenzoate) are inhibitors of the DEDDh family of exonucleases. The underlying mechanism is analyzed by X-ray crystallography, activity/nucleic acid-binding assays, and all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The first TCI-complexed structures of a DEDDh enzyme, the Lassa fever virus NP exonuclease (NPexo), are resolved to elucidate that the Cys409 binding site is away from the active site and the RNA-binding lid. The NPexo C409A structures indicate Cys461 as the alternative distal site for obstructing the equally active mutant. All-atom MD simulations of the wild type and mutant NPexos in explicit solvent uncover an allosteric inhibition mechanism that the local perturbation induced by PCMPS sulfonate propagates to impact the RNA-binding lid conformation. Binding assay studies confirm that PCMPS does affect the RNA binding of NPexo. The predicted relative potency between PCMPS and PCMB is also in line with experiments. The structural data and inhibition mechanism established in this work provide an important molecular basis for the drug development of TCIs.

16.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 138, 2021 Dec 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1581999

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and the resulting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a substantial burden on health-care systems around the world. This is a randomized parallel controlled trial for assessment of the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, aiming to determine an appropriate vaccination interval of the vaccine for high-risk occupational population. METHODS: In an ongoing randomized, parallel, controlled phase IV trial between January and May 2021 in Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, China, we randomly assigned the airport ground staff and public security officers aged 18 to 59 years to receive two doses of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine at 14 days, 21 days, or 28 days. The serum neutralizing antibody to live SARS-CoV-2 was performed at baseline and 28 days after immunization. Long-term data are being collected. The primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and geometric mean titer (GMT) at 28 days after the second dose. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square, and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 809 participants underwent randomization and received two doses of injections: 270, 270, 269 in the 0-14, 0-21, and 0-28 vaccination group, respectively. By day 28 after the second injection, SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody of GMT was 98.4 (95% CI: 88.4-108.4) in the 0-14 group, which was significantly lower compared with 134.4 (95% CI: 123.1-145.7) in the 0-21 group (P < 0.001 vs 0-14 group) and 145.5 (95% CI: 131.3-159.6) in the 0-28 group (P < 0.001 vs 0-14 group), resulting in the seroconversion rates to neutralizing antibodies (GMT ≥ 16) of 100.0% for all three groups, respectively. The intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis yielded similar results. All reported adverse reactions were mild. CONCLUSIONS: Both a two-dose of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine at 0-21 days and 0-28 days regimens significantly improved SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody level compared to the 0-14 days regimen in high-risk occupational population, with seroconversion rates of 100.0%. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2100041705, ChiCTR2100041706. Registered 1 January 2021, www.chictr.org.cn .


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Antibodies, Viral , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 11(2): e2101714, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1508602

ABSTRACT

The receptor binding domain (RBD) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein that mediates viral entry into host cells is a good candidate immunogen for vaccine development against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Because of its small size, most preclinical and early clinical efforts have focused on multimerizing RBD on various formats of nanoparticles to increase its immunogenicity. Using an easily administered injectable hydrogel scaffold that is rationally designed for enhanced retainment of RBD, an alternative and facile approach for boosting RBD immunogenicity in mice is demonstrated. Prolonged delivery of poly (I:C) adjuvanted RBD by the hydrogel scaffold results in sustained exposure to lymphoid tissues, which elicits serum IgG titers comparable to those induced by three bolus injections, but more long-lasting and polarized toward TH 1-mediated IgG2b. The hydrogel scaffold induces potent germinal center (GC) reactions, correlating with RBD-specific antibody generation and robust type 1 T cell responses. Besides being an enduring RBD reservoir, the hydrogel scaffold becomes a local inflammatory niche for innate immune cell activation. Collectively, the injectable hydrogel scaffold provides a simple, practical, and inexpensive means to enhance the efficacy of RBD-based subunit vaccines against COVID-19 and may be applicable to other circulating and emerging pathogens.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Hydrogels , Mice , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Subunit
19.
Front Psychol ; 12: 740575, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1497147

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the factors influencing mental health symptoms in students aged 8-18 in Wuhan, China at 6 months after the COVID-19 pandemic was controlled. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to students aged 8-18 in Wuhan through an online platform from September to October 2020, and 15,993 valid surveys were returned, resulting in a response rate of 75.4%. The data related to symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, depression, stress and psychological inflexibility levels, as well as demographic information about the population. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the predictive effects. Results: In total, 11.5% of the students met the criteria for clinically concerning PTSD symptoms. Psychological inflexibility was associated with PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms (ß = 0.45, 0.63, 0.65 and 0.69, respectively, with ΔR2 = 0.16, 0.32, 0.34 and 0.39, respectively, p < 0.001) in children and adolescents. Conclusion: This study investigated the impacts of COVID-19 on the mental health status among students aged 8-18 in Wuhan. Even at 6 months after the outbreak was brought under control, some students were still affected. Psychological inflexibility was correlated with psychological symptoms in students. Therefore, methods to reduce psychological inflexibility may help improve the mental health states of students as part of psychological interventions.

20.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(1): 115-126, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1496665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although diabetic kidney disease is the leading cause of ESKD in the United States, identifying those patients who progress to ESKD is difficult. Efforts are under way to determine if plasma biomarkers can help identify these high-risk individuals. METHODS: In our case-cohort study of 894 Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study participants with diabetes and an eGFR of <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at baseline, participants were randomly selected for the subcohort; cases were those patients who developed progressive diabetic kidney disease (ESKD or 40% eGFR decline). Using a multiplex system, we assayed plasma biomarkers related to tubular injury, inflammation, and fibrosis (KIM-1, TNFR-1, TNFR-2, MCP-1, suPAR, and YKL-40). Weighted Cox regression models related biomarkers to progression of diabetic kidney disease, and mixed-effects models estimated biomarker relationships with rate of eGFR change. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 8.7 years. Higher concentrations of KIM-1, TNFR-1, TNFR-2, MCP-1, suPAR, and YKL-40 were each associated with a greater risk of progression of diabetic kidney disease, even after adjustment for established clinical risk factors. After accounting for competing biomarkers, KIM-1, TNFR-2, and YKL-40 remained associated with progression of diabetic kidney disease; TNFR-2 had the highest risk (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.15 to 2.26). KIM-1, TNFR-1, TNFR-2, and YKL-40 were associated with rate of eGFR decline. CONCLUSIONS: Higher plasma levels of KIM-1, TNFR-1, TNFR-2, MCP-1, suPAR, and YKL-40 were associated with increased risk of progression of diabetic kidney disease; TNFR-2 had the highest risk after accounting for the other biomarkers. These findings validate previous literature on TNFR-1, TNFR-2, and KIM-1 in patients with prevalent CKD and provide new insights into the influence of suPAR and YKL-40 as plasma biomarkers that require validation.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Kidney Failure, Chronic/genetics , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/genetics , Adult , Aged , Chemokine CCL2/blood , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1/blood , Cohort Studies , Diabetic Nephropathies/blood , Disease Progression , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1/blood , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Prevalence , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I/blood , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II/blood , Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Risk , Young Adult
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