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Particuology ; 80:157-169, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2308417


With the outbreak of COVID-19, disinfection protection has become a necessary measure to prevent infection. As a new type of disinfectant, potassium peroxymonosulfate compound salt (PMS) has the advantages of good bactericidal effect, non-toxicity, high safety and stability. However, the current PMS products with irregular particle shapes lead to poor flowability, high hygroscopicity, poor stability of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and serious caking problems. In this work, an agglomeration-dissolution mechanism was designed to prepare spherical PMS particles with large size (>300 mm) and high sphericity (up to 90%), effectively addressing the above problems. Shaping (dissolution and abrasion) is the key to improving sphericity, which is mainly controlled by the design of the heating mode, residence time and stirring rate. Compared with the irregular PMS particles, the large spherical particles present better flowability (angle of repose decreased by 35.80%, Carr's index decreased by 64.29%, Hausner's ratio decreased by 19.14%), lower hygroscopicity (decreased by 38.0%), lower caking ratio (decreased by 84.50%), and higher stability (the monthly loss of ROS was reduced by 61.68%). The agglomeration -dissolution mechanism demonstrates the crystallization, agglomeration, dissolution and abrasion pro-cess of inorganic salt crystals, providing an opportunity to prepare high-end inorganic crystal materials with high-quality morphologies.(c) 2022 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Medicine ; 102(8):15-15, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2307876
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 205(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1927791


Rationale: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer heightened morbidity, mortality, and readmission rates. COPD is co-prevalent with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in 20-60% of patients, and patients with COPD/OSA overlap are at higher risk for hospital readmission and mortality compared to COPD alone. Current COPD readmission reduction programs are focused on decreasing COPD readmissions;however, few explore impactful comorbid conditions. No study has identified peri-discharge barriers in the acute care setting from the perspective of patients with COPD/OSA or healthcare workers to identify areas of improvement. Methods: Semi-structured interviews, conducted via telephone (recorded) of hospitalized patients with COPD/OSA and acute care healthcare workers were conducted at an urban academic medical center (11/2020-1/2021) among a convenience sample of recruited participants. All recordings were transcribed and uploaded to NVivo, which facilitated thematic analysis, using an a priori codebook. Coding was conducted in rounds, and meetings were used to resolve differences and update the codebook as needed. This iterative process continued until all transcripts were analyzed. Results: Thirty-five participants were interviewed, 27 healthcare workers (HCW), 4 nurses, 6 respiratory therapists, 5 physicians, 3 case managers, 4 social workers, and 5 pharmacists, and 8 patients. The HCWs interviewed served an average of 7.5 years, were <50 years old (81.5%), and most were female (74.1%), white (81.5%), and non-Hispanic (100%). HCW respondents identified barriers that mapped to four main levels: patient, team, hospital, and the healthcare system. Select barriers HCWs identified included health literacy, patient cognitive impairments, peri-discharge time management, lack of resources for patients post-discharge, cost, and insurance. All patient interviewees were <50 years old, most were male (62.5%), white (62.5%), and non-Hispanic (87.5%). Select barriers patients identified included current SES status, care team discussions, disease burden (visits to ED/hospital), follow-up care (including transportation), and perceptions of healthcare due to COVID-19. Conclusion: Healthcare workers and COPD/OSA patients report multilevel hospital discharge barriers. To improve barriers to care for these complex patients, multilevel interventions addressing noted barriers are needed.

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 205:2, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1881013
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences ; 25(23):7585-7597, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576100


OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread around the world in 2020. Abnormal pulmonary function and residual CT abnormalities were observed in COVID-19 patients during recovery. Appropriate rehabilitation training is around the corner. The correlation between spirometric impairment and residual CT abnormality remains largely unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on the pulmonary function of 101 convalescent COVID-19 patients before discharge. Multivariate analysis was used to establish a scoring system to evaluate the spirometric abnormality based on residual chest CT. RESULTS: Lung consolidation area >25% and severe-type COVID-19 were two independent risk factors for severe pulmonary dysfunction. Besides, a scoring system was established. People scoring more than 12 points have more chances (17 times) to get severe pulmonary function impairment before discharge. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, a chest CT characteristics-based grading system was suggested to predict the pulmonary dysfunction of COVID-19 patients during convalescence in this study. This study may provide suggestions for pulmonary rehabilitation.

International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology ; 19:S224-S224, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1464331
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology ; 128:207-207, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1113015