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1.
researchsquare; 2023.
Preprint in English | PREPRINT-RESEARCHSQUARE | ID: ppzbmed-10.21203.rs.3.rs-3140629.v1

ABSTRACT

Objectives Vaccination workers play an important role in the acceptance of various vaccines in patients with chronic liver diseases. We mainly investigated the attitude of vaccination workers toward COVID-19 vaccination in patients with chronic liver disease.Methods An anonymous, population-based, cross-sectional online survey were completed by 721 out of 1008 (71.5%) vaccination workers from July 1st to July 14th, 2022, in patients with chronic liver disease in Taizhou, China. The data were uploaded to Wen-Juan-Xing, one of the largest online platforms for collecting survey data.Results We found that only 51.9% of vaccination workers recommended all chronic liver diseases vaccinations. 81% of vaccination workers fully recommended vaccination in patients with fatty liver and chronic hepatitis B, while 53.1% of them fully recommended in patients with cirrhosis and liver cancer. Logistic regression analysis showed that vaccination workers who had undergone systematic training were more likely to recommend that patients with four chronic liver diseases get vaccinated (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.05–2.43, p = 0.030). Vaccination workers that believed it is safe to vaccinate against patients with four chronic liver diseases were likely to recommend (OR: 8.12; 95% CI: 1.84–35.88, p = 0.006).Conclusion Vaccination workers who hold a positive attitude towards recommending vaccination for patients with chronic liver disease needs to be improved. Strengthening the training of vaccination workers could improve vaccine immunization coverage.

2.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(9): nwac122, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2298768

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has an extremely broad host range that includes hippopotami, which are phylogenetically closely related to whales. The cellular ACE2 receptor is one of the key determinants of the host range. Here, we found that ACE2s from several marine mammals and hippopotami could efficiently bind to the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 and facilitate the transduction of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 pseudoviruses into ACE2-expressing cells. We further resolved the cryo-electron microscopy complex structures of the minke whale ACE2 and sea lion ACE2, respectively, bound to the RBDs, revealing that they have similar binding modes to human ACE2 when it comes to the SARS-CoV-2 RBD and SARS-CoV RBD. Our results indicate that marine mammals could potentially be new victims or virus carriers of SARS-CoV-2, which deserves further careful investigation and study. It will provide an early warning for the prospective monitoring of marine mammals.

3.
Small ; : e2300545, 2023 Apr 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2298715

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis, a sequela of lung injury resulting from severe infection such as severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection, is a kind of life-threatening lung disease with limited therapeutic options. Herein, inhalable liposomes encapsulating metformin, a first-line antidiabetic drug that has been reported to effectively reverse pulmonary fibrosis by modulating multiple metabolic pathways, and nintedanib, a well-known antifibrotic drug that has been widely used in the clinic, are developed for pulmonary fibrosis treatment. The composition of liposomes made of neutral, cationic or anionic lipids, and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is optimized by evaluating their retention in the lung after inhalation. Neutral liposomes with suitable PEG shielding are found to be ideal delivery carriers for metformin and nintedanib with significantly prolonged retention in the lung. Moreover, repeated noninvasive aerosol inhalation delivery of metformin and nintedanib loaded liposomes can effectively diminish the development of fibrosis and improve pulmonary function in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by promoting myofibroblast deactivation and apoptosis, inhibiting transforming growth factor 1 (TGFß1) action, suppressing collagen formation, and inducing lipogenic differentiation. Therefore, this work presents a versatile platform with promising clinical translation potential for the noninvasive inhalation delivery of drugs for respiratory disease treatment.

4.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 2484, 2023 04 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2302122

ABSTRACT

Tissues are highly complicated with spatial heterogeneity in gene expression. However, the cutting-edge single-cell RNA-seq technology eliminates the spatial information of individual cells, which contributes to the characterization of cell identities. Herein, we propose single-cell spatial position associated co-embeddings (scSpace), an integrative method to identify spatially variable cell subpopulations by reconstructing cells onto a pseudo-space with spatial transcriptome references (Visium, STARmap, Slide-seq, etc.). We benchmark scSpace with both simulated and biological datasets, and demonstrate that scSpace can accurately and robustly identify spatially variated cell subpopulations. When employed to reconstruct the spatial architectures of complex tissue such as the brain cortex, the small intestinal villus, the liver lobule, the kidney, the embryonic heart, and others, scSpace shows promising performance on revealing the pairwise cellular spatial association within single-cell data. The application of scSpace in melanoma and COVID-19 exhibits a broad prospect in the discovery of spatial therapeutic markers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Single-Cell Analysis , Humans , Single-Cell Analysis/methods , Transcriptome , Sequence Analysis, RNA/methods , Gene Expression Profiling/methods
5.
China Tropical Medicine ; 23(2):181-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2269150

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the endemic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in Sanya, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of the Omicron variant. Methods: The information of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected persons (asymptomatic infected persons and confirmed cases) in Sanya City from August 1 to September 19, 2022 was collected through the Infectious Disease Reporting Information System of the Chinese Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze and compare the epidemiological characteristics of this Omicron variant outbreak between confirmed cases and asymptomatic infected persons. Results: A total of 15 651 cases of COVID-19 infection were reported in Sanya including 9 057 asymptomatic infections (57.87%) and 6 594 confirmed cases (42.13%), there were 0 deaths. The age ranged from 0 to 107 years old in which 0 to 5 years old, 6 to 18 years old, 19 to 64 years old and above 65 years old accounted for 5.64%, 15.03%, 71.83% and 7.51% respectively. The mean age of confirmed cases was (43.26..0.27) years old, which was significantly older than (31.89..0.16) years old of asymptomatic infection (Z=-37.89, P < 0.001). Sex ratio between men and women was 1:1.12. The occupation was mainly business service (8 239, 52.64%). The districts were mainly concentrated in Gangmen Village community of Jiyang District (10.02%), Danzhou Village community of Tianya District (9.69%) and Linchun Community of Jiyang District (8.11%). Asymptomatic and confirmed cases were 57.87% and 42.13% respectively. The differences between asymptomatic infected and confirmed cases in terms of gender, occupation and detection method were statistically significant (X2=17.63,1 632.44, 179.35, P all<0.001);the length of hospitalization of asymptomatic infected and confirmed cases was statistically significant (Z=-12.467, P < 0.001). Conclusions: This novel coronavirus outbreak was caused by Omicron BA.5.1.3 variant, which was discovered for the first time in China. The epidemiological mode is an outbreak mode, and the new Omicron variant is more insidious and infectious, and fast and decisive measures are needed to prevention and control the epidemic.

6.
Frontiers in psychology ; 14, 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2287250

ABSTRACT

Background The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has created an environment in which numerous determinants of poor mental health are intensified. Lockdown, re-lockdown, and media coverage of the spread of the virus, have the potential to contribute to increased levels of anxiety and depression. Mindfulness may act as a buffer against COVID-19-related depressive and anxiety disorders. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar for any study published between January 2020 and March 2022. In this study, Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 3.3 software was applied to evaluate the effect size by random effect model. In addition, the heterogeneity analysis was evaluated using indicators Q and I2 indicators. Three methods were used to test for publication bias: funnel plot, Classic Fail-safe N, and Egger's linear regression. According to the features of the included articles, subgroup analysis was utilized for the moderator analysis of this study. Results The analysis finally included 12 articles (16 samples, N = 10,940) and obtained 26 independent effect sizes. In accordance with the meta-analysis, in the random effect model, the correlation between mindfulness and anxiety was −0.330 (p < 0.001), and the correlation between mindfulness and depression was −0.353 (p < 0.001), which supported the effect of mindfulness on anxiety and depression. In the meta-analysis of the correlation between mindfulness and anxiety, study region had an essential moderating effect (p < 0.001). The Sample type did not produce a significant moderating effect (p = 0.190). The mode of action of mindfulness was a significant moderator (p = 0.038). In the meta-analysis of the linkage between mindfulness and depression, regional differences had a significant moderating effect (p < 0.001). The sample type had no discernible moderating impact (p = 0.213). The mode of action of mindfulness was a significant moderator (p = 0.003). Conclusion Our meta-analysis indicated that there was an essential correlation between public mindfulness and mental health. Our systematic review added evidence supporting the beneficial nature of mindfulness. A cascading development of beneficial traits that improve mental health may start with mindfulness.

7.
Biosafety and health ; 2023.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2254600

ABSTRACT

Graphical With continuous mutations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the severe immune escape of Omicron sub-variants urges the development of next-generation broad-spectrum vaccines, especially as booster jabs after high-level vaccination coverage of inactivated vaccines in China and many other countries. Previously, we developed a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) protein subunit vaccine ZF2001® based on the tandem homo-prototype receptor-binding domain (RBD)-dimer of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. We upgraded the antigen into a hetero-chimeric prototype (PT)-Beta or Delta-BA.1 RBD-dimer to broaden the cross-protection efficacy and prove its efficiency with protein subunit and mRNA vaccine platforms. Herein, we further explored the hetero-chimeric RBD-dimer mRNA vaccines and evaluated their broad-spectrum activities as booster jabs following two doses of inactivated vaccine in mice. Our data demonstrated that the chimeric vaccines significantly boosted neutralizing antibody levels and specific T-cell responses against the variants, and PT-Beta was superior to Delta-BA.1 RBD as a booster in mice, shedding light on the antigen design for the next-generation COVID-19 vaccines.

8.
Front Psychol ; 14: 994205, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2287251

ABSTRACT

Background: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has created an environment in which numerous determinants of poor mental health are intensified. Lockdown, re-lockdown, and media coverage of the spread of the virus, have the potential to contribute to increased levels of anxiety and depression. Mindfulness may act as a buffer against COVID-19-related depressive and anxiety disorders. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar for any study published between January 2020 and March 2022. In this study, Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 3.3 software was applied to evaluate the effect size by random effect model. In addition, the heterogeneity analysis was evaluated using indicators Q and I2 indicators. Three methods were used to test for publication bias: funnel plot, Classic Fail-safe N, and Egger's linear regression. According to the features of the included articles, subgroup analysis was utilized for the moderator analysis of this study. Results: The analysis finally included 12 articles (16 samples, N = 10,940) and obtained 26 independent effect sizes. In accordance with the meta-analysis, in the random effect model, the correlation between mindfulness and anxiety was -0.330 (p < 0.001), and the correlation between mindfulness and depression was -0.353 (p < 0.001), which supported the effect of mindfulness on anxiety and depression. In the meta-analysis of the correlation between mindfulness and anxiety, study region had an essential moderating effect (p < 0.001). The Sample type did not produce a significant moderating effect (p = 0.190). The mode of action of mindfulness was a significant moderator (p = 0.038). In the meta-analysis of the linkage between mindfulness and depression, regional differences had a significant moderating effect (p < 0.001). The sample type had no discernible moderating impact (p = 0.213). The mode of action of mindfulness was a significant moderator (p = 0.003). Conclusion: Our meta-analysis indicated that there was an essential correlation between public mindfulness and mental health. Our systematic review added evidence supporting the beneficial nature of mindfulness. A cascading development of beneficial traits that improve mental health may start with mindfulness.

9.
Front Neurol ; 14: 1037673, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264698

ABSTRACT

Background: Skull osteosarcoma is relatively rare, and it is difficult to be diagnosed according to medical history and imaging examination due to the complex structure and diverse components of the brain. Consequently, there is only a limited number of patients who can undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy before the operation. Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of osteosarcoma, there is still a "bottleneck" in the current treatment method which when pulmonary metastasis occurs, or surgical treatment is not Enneking appropriate. Under such circumstances, the choice of treatment can be an issue. Case: A 16-year-old male patient with multiple metastases of skull osteosarcoma was reported. The patient suffered not only tinnitus and hearing loss in the right ear but also right facial paralysis and headache. The preoperative brain MRI showed a tumor in the right cerebellopontine angle (CPA) area. He underwent skull tumor resection at another hospital in November 2018, during which process the biopsy revealed epithelioid osteoblastoma-like osteosarcoma. The patient had supplemental radiotherapy 1 month after surgery because of tumor recurrence. 32 months afterward, pulmonary metastases and multiple bone metastases were found. Then the patient underwent multiple conservative treatments which include Denosumab, Anlotinib, and DIA (cisplatin + ifosfamide + doxorubicin) chemotherapy at our hospital. After a series of 6 cycles of treatment, the patient can walk without aid. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Alkaline phosphatase (AKP) returned to a normal level. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) metabolism in all bone metastases decreased to normal except for the ones in the proximal left femur, and the FDG metabolism in the left femur is significantly lower than that before treatment. Multiple bone metastases showed different extents of high-density calcification, and the volume of the local bone metastases has been reduced significantly. The patient's condition stayed stable at latest follow-up. Conclusion: We found that multiple conservative treatments, which include Denosumab, Anlotinib and DIA chemotherapy, can improve patients' life quality, and help avoid further osteolytic destruction for patients with skull osteosarcoma and multiple metastases. Its specific mechanism and scope of the application still need to be further studied.

10.
Biosaf Health ; 5(2): 89-100, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2254601

ABSTRACT

With continuous mutations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the severe immune escape of Omicron sub-variants urges the development of next-generation broad-spectrum vaccines, especially as booster jabs after high-level vaccination coverage of inactivated vaccines in China and many other countries. Previously, we developed a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) protein subunit vaccine ZF2001® based on the tandem homo-prototype receptor-binding domain (RBD)-dimer of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. We upgraded the antigen into a hetero-chimeric prototype (PT)-Beta or Delta-BA.1 RBD-dimer to broaden the cross-protection efficacy and prove its efficiency with protein subunit and mRNA vaccine platforms. Herein, we further explored the hetero-chimeric RBD-dimer mRNA vaccines and evaluated their broad-spectrum activities as booster jabs following two doses of inactivated vaccine (IV) in mice. Our data demonstrated that the chimeric vaccines significantly boosted neutralizing antibody levels and specific T-cell responses against the variants, and PT-Beta was superior to Delta-BA.1 RBD as a booster in mice, shedding light on the antigen design for the next-generation COVID-19 vaccines.

11.
J Clin Invest ; 2022 Oct 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2228064

ABSTRACT

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) evolves in some pediatric patients following acute infection with SARS-CoV-2 by hitherto unknown mechanisms. Whereas acute-COVID-19 severity and outcome were previously correlated with Notch4 expression on regulatory T (Treg) cells, here we show that the Treg cells in MIS-C are destabilized through a Notch1-dependent mechanism. Genetic analysis revealed that MIS-C patients were enriched in rare deleterious variants impacting inflammation and autoimmunity pathways, including dominant-negative mutations in the Notch1 regulators NUMB and NUMBL leading to Notch1 upregulation. Notch1 signaling in Treg cells induced CD22, leading to their destabilization in a mTORC1-dependent manner and to the promotion of systemic inflammation. These results establish a Notch1-CD22 signaling axis that disrupts Treg cell function in MIS-C and point to distinct immune checkpoints controlled by individual Treg cell Notch receptors that shape the inflammatory outcome in SARS-CoV-2 infection.

12.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 19(1): 2158012, 2023 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2166145

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the willingness of college students to choose COVID-19 heterologous vaccination and its associated influencing factors in Taizhou, China. A population-based, self-administered online questionnaire was conducted from March 15 to 17, 2022. Of the 2,463 participants who had received the invitation, 1,821 responded to the survey (response rate = 73.9%). Only 14% (86/614) of those willing to receive a booster would chose a heterologous vaccination; the perception of better effectiveness of a COVID-19 heterologous vaccination booster was the significant factor (X2 = 22.671, p < .001). Additionally, female college students'older age (χ2 = 7.523, P = .023), major of medical (χ2 = 6.294, P = .012), and better perceived effectiveness of COVID-19 heterologous vaccination booster (χ2 = 22.659, P < .001), were more willing to receive heterologous booster doses. Chinese college students have a strong willingness to receive booster shots, but the percentage of those willing to receive a heterologous vaccine is only 14.0%, and the lack of understanding of its effectiveness is an important factor in the low proportion of heterologous vaccine selection. Health education, public health awareness, and the disclosure of heterologous vaccine information can help improve the public's understanding of heterologous vaccines and provide them with more choices.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Vaccination , Female , Humans , Asian People , China , COVID-19/prevention & control , Students , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage
13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 974848, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099265

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which has been ongoing for more than 2 years, has become one of the largest public health issues. Vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is one of the most important interventions to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic. Our objective is to investigate the relationship between vaccination status and time to seroconversion. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study during the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 outbreak in Jiangsu, China. Participants who infected with the B.1.617.2 variant were enrolled. Cognitive performance, quality of life, emotional state, chest computed tomography (CT) score and seroconversion time were evaluated for each participant. Statistical analyses were performed using one-way ANOVA, univariate and multivariate regression analyses, Pearson correlation, and mediation analysis. Results: A total of 91 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 37.3, 25.3, and 37.3% were unvaccinated, partially vaccinated, and fully vaccinated, respectively. Quality of life was impaired in 30.7% of patients, especially for mental component summary (MCS) score. Vaccination status, subjective cognitive decline, and depression were risk factors for quality-of-life impairment. The chest CT score mediated the relationship of vaccination status with the MCS score, and the MCS score mediated the relationship of the chest CT score with time to seroconversion. Conclusion: Full immunization course with an inactivated vaccine effectively lowered the chest CT score and improved quality of life in hospitalized patients. Vaccination status could influence time to seroconversion by affecting CT score and MCS score indirectly. Our study emphasizes the importance of continuous efforts in encouraging a full vaccination course.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Pandemics , COVID-19 Vaccines , Seroconversion , COVID-19/prevention & control , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Quality of Life , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vaccination
14.
iScience ; 25(12): 105479, 2022 Dec 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095532

ABSTRACT

The repetitive applications of vaccine boosters have been brought up in face of continuous emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants with neutralization escape mutations, but their protective efficacy and potential adverse effects remain largely unknown. Here, we compared the humoral and cellular immune responses of an extended course of recombinant receptor binding domain (RBD) vaccine boosters with those from conventional immunization strategy in a Balb/c mice model. Multiple vaccine boosters after the conventional vaccination course significantly decreased RBD-specific antibody titers and serum neutralizing efficacy against the Delta and Omicron variants, and profoundly impaired CD4+ and CD8+T cell activation and increased PD-1 and LAG-3 expressions in these T cells. Mechanistically, we confirmed that extended vaccination with RBD boosters overturned the protective immune memories by promoting adaptive immune tolerance. Our findings demonstrate potential risks with the continuous use of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine boosters, providing immediate implications for the global COVID-19 vaccination enhancement strategies.

15.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(10)2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066600

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 patients with hypertension have increased hospital complications and mortality rates. Moreover, these patients also have lower antibody titers after receiving the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine. Therefore, patients with hypertension should receive a COVID-19 vaccine booster. To promote the uptake of COVID-19 vaccine booster among hypertensive patients, this study investigated patients' willingness and factors that influence patients with hypertension to receive the COVID-19 vaccine booster. From July 2021 to August, 410 patients with hypertension were surveyed. Overall, 76.8% of patients were willing to receive the COVID-19 vaccine booster, as 82.7% of patients without comorbidities and 72.7% of patients with comorbidities were willing to receive the vaccine booster. The main factors that influenced the willingness of patients with hypertension to receive a booster dose were the preventive effect of the vaccine (χ2 = 52.827, p < 0.05), vaccine safety (χ2 = 42.423, p < 0.05), vaccine knowledge (χ2 = 7.831, p < 0.05), presence of comorbidities (χ2 = 4.862, p < 0.05), disease control (χ2 = 5.039, p < 0.05), and antihypertensive treatments (χ2 = 12.565, p < 0.05). This study's findings highlight the need to promote knowledge about booster vaccination among patients and health management. These measures would improve patients' willingness and knowledge about the vaccine and their health status, which are the main factors that influence patients' intention to receive booster vaccines.

16.
Sustainability ; 14(19):11997, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2043940

ABSTRACT

In the context of COVID-19, energy conservation is becoming increasingly crucial to the overwhelmed tourism industry, and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system (HVAC) is the most energy-consuming factor in the indoor area of scenic spots. As tourist flows are not constant, the intelligent control of an HVAC system is the key to tourist satisfaction and energy consumption management. This paper proposes a noise-reduced and Bayesian-optimized (NRBO) light-gradient-boosting machine (LightGBM) to predict the probability of tourists entering the next scenic spot, hence adopting the feedforward dynamic adaptive adjustment of the ventilation and air conditioning system. The customized model is more robust and effective, and the experimental results in Luoyang City Hall indicate that the proposed system outperforms the baseline LightGBM model and a random-search based method concerning prediction loss by 5.39% and 4.42%, respectively, and saves energy by 23.51%. The study illustrates a promising step in the advancement of tourism energy consumption management and sustainable tourism in the experimental area by improving tourist experiences and conserving energy efficiently, and the software-based system can also be smoothly applied to other indoor scenic spots.

17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 966826, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043536

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccine hesitancy was found in couples seeking artificial reproductive technology (ART) services. As the main vaccine used in China, investigations into the influence of inactivated coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines on human fertility is needed. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included data on COVID-19 vaccination, clinical characteristics, and reproductive outcome of 1,000 intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles in 653 couples from March 2021 to March 2022 in a single university hospital-based center for reproductive medicine. The IUI cycles were divided into two categories based on sperm source, including 725 cycles in 492 women undergoing artificial insemination with their husband's sperm (AIH) and 275 cycles in 161 women undergoing artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID). Women were then divided into two groups. The vaccine exposed group included women vaccinated prior to insemination and the unexposed group included women who were not vaccinated or vaccinated after insemination. Reproductive outcomes including ongoing pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and miscarriage rate were assessed. Results: Inactivated COVID-19 vaccinated women prior to intrauterine insemination in AIH cycles have comparable ongoing pregnancy rate (11.1 vs. 10.3%, P = 0.73), clinical pregnancy rate (12.5 vs. 11.3%, P = 0.60) as compared with unvaccinated counterparts. Similarly, there were no significant differences in ongoing pregnancy rate (20.9 vs. 28.1%, P = 0.17), clinical pregnancy rate (21.7 vs. 28.8%, P = 0.19) between vaccine exposed and unexposed groups in AID cycles. Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that inactivated COVID-19 vaccination status cannot independently influence the reproductive outcomes of AIH and AID cycles. Subgroup analysis of vaccine exposed cycles showed that doses of vaccination and Interval between the last dose of vaccination and insemination have no influence on the reproductive outcomes of AIH cycles. Conclusions: No negative effects were found on female fertility in IUI cycles following exposure to the inactivated COVID-19 vaccine. These findings indirectly reflect the safety of inactivated COVID-19 vaccine toward reproductive health and help to mitigate vaccine hesitancy among people planning to conceive.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Insemination , Male , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Vaccination
19.
Explor Target Antitumor Ther ; 3(4): 428-444, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2026715

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of gene therapy technology and the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), messenger RNA (mRNA) therapeutics have attracted more and more attention, and the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for emergency authorization. To improve the delivery efficiency of mRNA in vitro and in vivo, researchers have developed a variety of mRNA carriers and explored different administration routes. This review will systematically introduce the types of mRNA vectors, routes of administration, storage methods, safety of mRNA therapeutics, and the type of diseases that mRNA drugs are applied for. Finally, some suggestions are supplied on the development direction of mRNA therapeutic agents in the future.

20.
Front Psychol ; 13: 995129, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022903

ABSTRACT

Given that tourism e-commerce live streaming has become an important driver of tourism development after the outbreak of Covid-19 but limited attention has been paid to this area, this study examines the impacts of tourism e-commerce live streaming features (interactivity, authenticity, and entertainment) on the consumers' purchase intention from the perspectives of consumers' flow experience and trust based on the SOR theory. The authors collected survey data from 357 tourism e-commerce live streaming consumers and used the structural equation model to test the research model. The results reveal that interactivity and authenticity positively affect tourism e-commerce live streaming consumers' purchase intention, but entertainment does not influence purchase intention positively; interactivity, authenticity, and entertainment each positively affects tourism e-commerce live streaming consumers' flow experience and trust; both flow experience and trust positively affect tourism e-commerce live streaming consumers' purchase intention; both flow experience and trust have mediating effects on the relationships between tourism e-commerce live streaming features and consumers' purchase intention. This study extends existing theoretical research on tourism e-commerce live streaming and provides some managerial implications for tourism enterprises and streamers.

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