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Inform Med Unlocked ; 35: 101125, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095506


In the context of COVID-19 pandemic, the Moroccan Interior and Health Ministries have proposed to use the health pass with a QR code to identify vaccinated people. Additionally, the government suggested a mobile application to control the health passport authenticity. However, the key problem is the possibility of anyone scanning the QR code and figuring out citizens' private information, causing severe issues about individual privacy. In this work, the main contribution is integrating a private Blockchain-based digital health passport to ensure high protection of sensitive information, security and privacy among all the actors (Government, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Health, verifiers) that comply with the CNDP (National Commission for the Control of Personal Data Protection) and the Moroccan Law 09-08. In our proposed architectural framework solution, we identify two types of actors: authorized and unauthorized, to limit and control access to the citizens' personal information. Besides, to preserve individuals' privacy, we adopt on-chain and off-chain storage (Interplanetary File Systems IPFS). In our case, smart contracts improve security and privacy in the health passport verification process. Our system implementation describes the proposed solution to grant individual privacy. To verify and validate our approach, we used Remix-IDE and Ethereum Blockchain to build smart contracts.

J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 9437538, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1518183


COVID-19 is an infectious disease-causing flu-like respiratory problem with various symptoms such as cough or fever, which in severe cases can cause pneumonia. The aim of this paper is to develop a rapid and accurate medical diagnosis support system to detect COVID-19 in chest X-ray images using a stacking approach combining transfer learning techniques and KNN algorithm for selection of the best model. In deep learning, we have multiple approaches for building a classification system for analyzing radiographic images. In this work, we used the transfer learning technique. This approach makes it possible to store and use the knowledge acquired from a pretrained convolutional neural network to solve a new problem. To ensure the robustness of the proposed system for diagnosing patients with COVID-19 using X-ray images, we used a machine learning method called the stacking approach to combine the performances of the many transfer learning-based models. The generated model was trained on a dataset containing four classes, namely, COVID-19, tuberculosis, viral pneumonia, and normal cases. The dataset used was collected from a six-source dataset of X-ray images. To evaluate the performance of the proposed system, we used different common evaluation measures. Our proposed system achieves an extremely good accuracy of 99.23% exceeding many previous related studies.

COVID-19 , Deep Learning , Pneumonia, Viral , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , X-Rays