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Heart Rhythm ; 20(5 Supplement):S81, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322756


Background: The COVID-19 vaccines were developed unprecedentedly and have proven safe and efficacious in reducing transmissibility and severe infection. The impact of mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines on atrial arrhythmias (AA) incidence is unknown. Objective(s): To analyze the incidence of AA after COVID-19 vaccination in patients with a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED). Method(s): BIOTRONIK Home Monitoring data and Medicare claims data from CERTITUDE patients implanted with a CIED between 2010-20 were utilized to identify recipients of one or more doses of the COVID-19 vaccine in 2021. Those who had influenza vaccination in 2020 were also identified in the same cohort as a control. From remote monitoring data, the number of atrial high rate events (AHR) and % burden of AA in the three months post-vaccination was compared to the preceding three months using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for group difference comparisons. New AF diagnosis was determined from ICD-10 diagnosis codes in Medicare claims. Result(s): First and 2nd doses of COVID vaccine (50% Pfizer, 47% Moderna, and 3% J&J) were administered to 7757 and 6579 individuals with a CIED (age 76.2 (+/-9.0) y, 49% males), respectively. In the same cohort, 4723 (61%) individuals received the influenza vaccine. A statistically significant increase in the number of AHR episodes and % burden of AA was noted in the three months post-vaccination compared to the preceding three months after the 1st and 2nd doses of the COVID-19 vaccine (Figure). No such association was noted following influenza vaccination. In subgroup analysis, AHR episodes increased significantly in age groups >70 and men. Post-vaccination increase in AHR episodes was more significant in those without a pre-vaccination history of AHR episodes (mean increase of AHR 6.9+/-88.4, p<0.001) and was non-significant in those with a preceding history of AHR (p=0.8). Among the 764 patients with no AF diagnosis in claims preceding the first COVID-19 vaccine, 87 (11.4%) developed a new AF diagnosis or AHR event in the first three months post-vaccination. Conclusion(s): We report a small but significant increase in the number of CIED-detected atrial arrhythmias following vaccination for COVID-19 but not influenza, specifically in men and age >70 years. Acknowledging the immense public health benefit of COVID-19 vaccines, our results should prompt increased awareness of evaluating for AF in this high-risk group following vaccination. [Formula presented]Copyright © 2023

Journal of the American College of Cardiology ; 81(8 Supplement):2452, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2247934


Background Phospholamban (PLN), an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase, is a regulator of Ca2+ release during excitation-contraction coupling. We present a case of recurrent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to a PLN mutation. Case 38 year-old male presents after resuscitation following VF arrest. An ICD was implanted. Seven years later, he presented with VF storm requiring ventricular assist device support and he underwent catheter ablation of PVC triggers of VF arising from the moderator band. Because he had an ECG that was concerning for early repolarization syndrome, he was placed on quinidine and metoprolol. After an episode of VT in 2020 in the setting of COVID infection, whole genome sequencing was obtained and identified a pathogenic PLN mutation. PLN L39Ter has been associated with dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy as well as sudden death. The patient has a history of normal left ventricular function and wall thickness by echocardiography. Decision-making Given the involvement of PLN on SR handling of Ca2+, flecainide may be a more effective therapy for the treatment of PMVT/VF in this patient. Conclusion PLN mutations have been associated with cardiomyopathies. This case illustrates a patient with the pathogenic PLN L39X variant with short-coupled PMVT with no imaging evidence of structural heart disease. Whether a more targeted therapy such as flecainide may be more effective in this patient remains to be determined. [Formula presented]Copyright © 2023 American College of Cardiology Foundation