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J Agric Food Chem ; 69(41): 12197-12208, 2021 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1442683


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) main protease (Mpro) inhibitors are considered as potential treatments for coronavirus disease 2019, and dietary polyphenols show promise in SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibition based on in silico studies. In the present study, we utilize a combination of biochemical-, surface plasmon resonance-, and docking-based assays to evaluate the inhibition and binding affinities of a series of tannins and their gut microbial metabolites on SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. The tested compounds (2-50 µM) were hydrolyzable tannins, including ellagitannins (punicalagin and ellagic acid) and gallotannins (tannic acid, pentagalloyl glucose, ginnalin A, and gallic acid), and their gut microbial metabolites, urolithins and pyrogallol, respectively. They inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro (by 6.6-100.0% at 50 µM) and bound directly to the Mpro protein (with dissociation constants from 1.1 × 10-6 to 5.3 × 10-5 M). This study sheds light on the inhibitory effects of tannins and their metabolites on SARS-CoV-2 Mpro.

COVID-19 , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Molecular Docking Simulation , Peptide Hydrolases , Protease Inhibitors , SARS-CoV-2 , Surface Plasmon Resonance
Rhode Island Medical Journal ; 104(3):16-16, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1176036


Breakthroughs in gene editing and gene therapy are changing the landscape of cancer, genetic, and metabolic disorders. 16 16 EN BIOMEDICAL/TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH IN RI - PART 2 Translational Research: The Time is Now JAMES F. PADBURY, MD BONGSUP P. CHO, PhD GUEST EDITORS The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap identified the need to develop new research pathways and inter- and cross- disciplinary research teams to accelerate clinical research and solve enigmatic problems. TRACI GREEN et al provide an overview of the COBRE on Opioid and Overdoses, a collaborative research-based center addressing the opioid crisis in Rhode Island. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of Rhode Island Medical Journal is the property of Rhode Island Medical Society and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)