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1st International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Sustainable Engineering Solution, CISES 2022 ; : 433-439, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018634

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, mobile phones have quickly evolved from being a tool of communication to a key agent of social development because of its widespread reach in urban as well as rural areas, especially in the under-served communities. The underserved communities refer to populations which are disadvantaged because of their lack of ability to access care, ability to pay, ability to access comprehensive healthcare, or other disparities for reasons of race, caste, religion, gender, language group or social or economic status. Mobile phone-based information and communication technologies (ICTs) have proven to be significantly beneficial for this section of society and communities - those living in remote and media-dark areas, people who have mostly remained deprived of critical health-related information - by spreading awareness, facilitating interaction and engagement, which in turn leads to adapting of healthy practices, and strengthening a health-seeking behaviour among the target communities. The secondary effect of this change is clearly reflected in economic and social development as well as health indicators of these families. This paper evaluates the efficacy of the mobile phone-based intervention in spreading awareness about maternal and child health, during the time of COVID-19 pandemic, at a time when physical outreach by health workers to contact pregnant women and lactating mothers was significantly hindered due to restrictions in movement and face to face meetings. The digital media outreach mechanisms aided by ICTs proved to be a strong alternative in this scenario, which can be demonstrated by the wide uptake of this service among the target communities. © 2022 IEEE.

2.
Neurology ; 98(18 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925485

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore various post covid immune mediatedneurological manifestations in children Background: The neurological manifestation following a SARS-CoV2 infection is varied and till now there are only few studies reported regarding the same. Our study aimed to identify the varied spectrum of neurological manifestation following SARS-CoV2 infection. Design/Methods: Retrospective data were collected from May 2021 to September 2021, including all children aged from 1month to 18 years of age who presented to our pediatric emergency or OPD (a tertiary care center from western Rajasthan, India) with the neurological manifestation with history of COVID-19 infection or exposure and positive SARS-CoV-2 serology. Those who are RT PCR positive were excluded. The neurological manifestations were further categorized in a pre-designed proforma. Results: Case records of the 18 children who fulfilled the criteria were included in the study, among them 7 (38.8%) were male and 11 (61.1%) were female. Predominant presentation in our study group was seizures (6/18) and Gullian Barre Syndrome (5/18). Other manifestations included stroke (2/18), ADEM (1/18), MS (1/18), LETM (1/18), Autoimmune encephalitis[NMDAR](2/18). In our study group, 13/18 (72.2%) required immunomodulatory therapy either IVIG or high dose methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Steroids were used upfront in patients with elevated inflammatory markers. Cerebrovascular complications in children were less common compared to adults. Most of the children had favourable outcomes except for one mortality in our cohort. Conclusions: Delayed complications following SARS-CoV2 infection with varied manifestations are seen in children. A temporal correlation between the COVID 19 infection and the increasing number of neurological cases after the second wave was noted. Steroids are beneficial while treating such patients. Testing for SARS-CoV2 serology during the pandemic can give a clue to the underlying etiology. However, further studies are required to understand the CNS effects of SARS-CoV2 infection in children.

3.
Frontiers in Marine Science ; 8, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1485064

ABSTRACT

There has been an increase in human health concerns, and seaweeds are considered as a potential functional food which can decrease the risk of many diseases, as they contain various bioactive compounds. Seaweeds are of nutritional interest and a rich source of natural bioactive compounds including antioxidants, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, and alkaloids that can be used as an alternative source of food material. Seaweeds contain a high amount of vitamins such as A, D, E, C, and B, and minerals including calcium, potassium, magnesium and iron. Seaweeds containing carrageenan, agar and other polysaccharides not only act as a source of fiber but also can act as prebiotics which may benefit the bacteria present in the large intestine. The lack of technologies to process seaweeds for human consumption at an industrial scale is a serious limitation on growth of the seaweed-based functional foods sector. Seaweeds are one of the most extensively used functional foods, with a long history in Asian countries. Now they are also being explored by many Western and European countries. Evidence from epidemiological research suggests that regular consumption of a marine algae-based diet may boost immunity against a number of diseases including COVID-19 novel virus by angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. © Copyright © 2021 Choudhary, Chauhan and Mishra.

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