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Arthroscopy, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1881699


Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical and psychological effects of COVID-related elective surgery delays on young sports medicine patients. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients (10-25 years old) who had elective sports medicine surgery delayed due to the COVID crisis. Electronic surveys were sent to patients and included the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), which yields a physical component score (SF12-PCS) and a mental component score (SF12-MCS), the PROMIS Psychological Stress Experience survey (PROMIS-PSE), and self-designed questions about patient concerns regarding the COVID crisis and delayed surgery. Results Of the 194 eligible patients with delayed elective sports surgeries, 107 patients (55%) elected to participate (mean age 17.6 ± 3.09 years, 30% male). The mean surgical delay was 76 days (CI 57-98). Delayed surgery patients scored significantly lower than population norms on the SF12-PCS (mean 39.3, CI 37.0-41.7;P < .001). Males scored significantly higher than females on the SF12-MCS (52.8 vs 45.7;P = .002), but the overall SF12-MCS mean was not significantly different from the general population (47.4;P =.07). The mean PSE score was significantly higher than population norms (57.7, CI 56.1-59.3;P < .001), but they did not differ by age or gender. Patients who reported higher levels of concern about their surgical delay endorsed significantly lower scores on the SF-MCS (P = .006) and higher scores on the PROMIS-PSE (P < .001), indicating greater emotional symptoms. The biggest concern with COVID-related surgical delays was a concern about not being back in time for a sports season. Conclusions Young sports medicine patients reported significant physical and emotional symptoms associated with COVID-related surgical delays. Patients were most concerned about delays resulting in missed sport seasons. Those who reported greater levels of concern with surgical delays reported more emotional symptoms and higher levels of psychological stress. Clinical Relevance: It is important to understand the impact of delayed elective surgical treatment on young patients due to COVID. This study will allow us to make more informed choices for patients during the pandemic.

Phys Sportsmed ; : 1-6, 2022 Mar 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1713315


OBJECTIVE: To describe the training patterns, return to sport (RTS) confidence, and perceived fitness during the COVID-19 pandemic summer 2020 and to compare training patterns and RTS readiness during COVID-19 versus during the 2019 summer in a cohort of Division III collegiate athletes. METHODS: An electronic survey of varsity athletes ≥18 years at three United States Division III colleges querying athlete demographics, Modified Athletic Identity Scale (mAIMS), changes in training regimen summer 2020 vs. 2019, RTS confidence, and perceived physical fitness. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-two surveys were completed (19% response). Total reported summer 2020 training decreased by 4 hours/week, with increased aerobic (56% vs. 53%, p = 0.03) and decreased sport-specific training (48% vs 70%, p < 0.001). Median RTS confidence score for formal training and competition was 3 ('neither more or less confident') in men's versus 2 ('less confident') in women's athletes. Median fitness self-assessment for men's athletes was 3 ('neither more nor less physically fit') compared to previous season versus median score of 2 ('less physically fit) among women's athletes (p = 0.004). For each mAIMS unit, training increased by 11 minutes/week (95% CI: 2-19 minutes; p = 0.01) and sport-specific training increased by 1.3% (95% CI: 0.5-2.2%; p = 0.003), controlling for age, sport, grade, and school. mAIMS was not associated with confidence or fitness rating. CONCLUSION: Collegiate athletes decreased overall training hours, particularly sport-specific training time during the COVID-19 summer compared to the prior summer. Athletic identity was related to overall and sport-specific training hours but not confidence to RTS or fitness.