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1.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31:352-352, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1609862
2.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31:1, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1609852
3.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1514912

ABSTRACT

Background The use of masks is an effective measure to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) infection;however, mask reuse is not recommended. Studies examining the factors associated with mask reuse during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic are limited. This nationwide survey aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with mask reuse among Taiwanese citizens during the pandemic. Methods From May 18 through May 31, 2020, a computer-assisted telephone interview system was used to randomly select Taiwanese citizens who were interviewed for COVID-19 preventive behaviors and knowledge on the usage of masks. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with mask reuse during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to analyze the rate of mask reuse among participants before and during the pandemic. Results For a total of 1,075 participants, the overall mean age was 57.4 years, and 82.2% of participants reported mask reuse during the COVID-19 pandemic. After controlling for other covariates, participants who had a greater knowledge on mask usage or had a high supply of masks were less likely to reuse masks during the pandemic. GEE analysis showed that compared with the participants' mask wearing behaviors before the COVID-19 pandemic, they were more likely to reuse masks during the pandemic. Conclusions The rate of mask reuse among the general population during the pandemic was significantly higher than that before the pandemic. Individuals were less likely to reuse masks if they had adequate knowledge on mask usage or had a high supply of masks. Since mask reuse is associated with a higher risk of COVID-19 due to the possibility of wearing SAS-CoV-2-contaminated masks, it is imperative to educate people on the correct usage of masks. Further, the government should provide sufficient masks to the general population to decrease the reuse of masks. Key messages Mask reuse increased during the COVID-19 pandemic due to the shortage in supply. It is imperative to educate people about the correct usage of masks.

4.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1514900

ABSTRACT

Background Emergency department (ED) crowding is a burden on public health, so understanding the characteristics of frequent ED users is a key concern of the healthcare system and policy makers. This study aims to examine the characteristics and healthcare-seeking behaviors in frequent ED users before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A retrospective observational study was conducted on ED users aged 18 years and over admitted to Taipei City Hospital in February 2019-January2020 (before pandemic) and February 2020-January2021 (during pandemic) (N = 120,011). Frequent and ED users were defined as patients with four or more ED visits in a year. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of frequent ED use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results Monthly emergency department visits were significantly lower during the pandemic (by 10.1-26.8%). Frequent ED patients had shorter lengths of stay in the ED during the pandemic (212.5 vs.233.9 minutes;P < 0.0001). The proportion of ED patients receiving chest CT examination during the pandemic has increased by 0.5-0.6%. After adjusting for sociodemographic factors, triage status, mode of arrival, and copayment exemption, patients with a triage status of level 4-5 (AOR=1.60, 95% CI: 1.13-2.28), diagnosis of pneumonia (AOR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.07-3.17), giddiness (AOR=2.85, 95% CI: 1.82-4.45), dyspnea (AOR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.00-3.39), or chronic kidney disease (AOR=5.05, 95% CI: 2.66-9.59) were more likely to be frequent ED visitors during the pandemic. Conclusions Since SAR-CoV-2 is highly contagious, it is imperative to educate non-emergent patients to utilize outpatient medical services rather than emergency medical services to reduce the risk of COVID-19 outbreaks at the ED. Key messages This study found that the utilization of emergent medical services during the COVID-19 pandemic significantly decreased by 10.1%–26.8% compared to before the COVID-19 pandemic. The lengths of stay in frequent ED users during the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly shorter than that in frequent ED users before the COVID-19 pandemic.

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