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J Gynecol Oncol ; 33(1): e10, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1573883


OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has correlated with the disruption of screening activities and diagnostic assessments. Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and it is often detected at an early stage, because it frequently produces symptoms. Here, we aim to investigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on patterns of presentation and treatment of EC patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving 54 centers in Italy. We evaluated patterns of presentation and treatment of EC patients before (period 1: March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020) and during (period 2: April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021) the COVID-19 outbreak. RESULTS: Medical records of 5,164 EC patients have been retrieved: 2,718 and 2,446 women treated in period 1 and period 2, respectively. Surgery was the mainstay of treatment in both periods (p=0.356). Nodal assessment was omitted in 689 (27.3%) and 484 (21.2%) patients treated in period 1 and 2, respectively (p<0.001). While, the prevalence of patients undergoing sentinel node mapping (with or without backup lymphadenectomy) has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic (46.7% in period 1 vs. 52.8% in period 2; p<0.001). Overall, 1,280 (50.4%) and 1,021 (44.7%) patients had no adjuvant therapy in period 1 and 2, respectively (p<0.001). Adjuvant therapy use has increased during COVID-19 pandemic (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the characteristics and patterns of care of EC patients. These findings highlight the need to implement healthcare services during the pandemic.

COVID-19 , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrial Neoplasms/epidemiology , Endometrial Neoplasms/therapy , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 154(2): 212-219, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209518


BACKGROUND: Besides reducing the quality of obstetric care, the direct impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy and postpartum is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of pregnant women who died due to COVID-19. SEARCH STRATEGY: Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched from inception to February 2021. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies that compared deceased and survived pregnant women with COVID-19. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Relevant data were extracted and tabulated. The primary outcome was maternal co-morbidity. MAIN RESULTS: Thirteen studies with 154 deceased patients were included. Obesity doubled the risk of death (relative risk [RR] 2.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41-4.36, I2  = 0%). No differences were found for gestational diabetes (RR 5.71; 95% CI 0.77-42.44, I2  = 94%) or asthma (RR 2.05, 95% CI 0.81-5.15, I2  = 0%). Overall, at least one severe co-morbidity showed a twofold increased risk of death (RR 2.26, 95% CI 1.77-2.89, I2  = 76%). Admission to intensive care was related to a fivefold increased risk of death (RR 5.09, 95% CI 2.00-12.98, I2  = 56%), with no difference in need for respiratory support (RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.23-1.48, I2  = 95%) or mechanical ventilation (RR 4.34, 95% CI 0.96-19.60, I2  = 58%). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 with at least one co-morbidity increases risk of intensive care and mortality.

COVID-19/mortality , Maternal Death , Maternal Mortality , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/mortality , Asthma/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Obesity/epidemiology , Pandemics , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , SARS-CoV-2