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1.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 2022 Jul 11.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1971920
5.
Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology ; 40(2):xlvi-xlvii, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868115

ABSTRACT

Background The COVID-19 pandemic imposed specific contingencies on perinatal population, with increased risks for women's mental health. Specific interventions are needed to prevent emotional disturbance and the burden felt by health services in high-demand times. Aims and Objectives Building on the experience of Be a Mom we aimed to develop and test the preliminary effectiveness of a brief psychological intervention, in the form of a mobile application (Mind the Mom), containing information, exercises and cognitive-behavioural strategies adapted to the pandemic context. Methods The sample consists of 233 pregnant women recruited in health services and online, who used and evaluated the Mind the Mom mobile app, after completion of self-report assessment instruments. Results The participants mainly lived in urban areas, had a university degree, and 60% reported no previous need for mental health services. 70% of the participants assessed every module and the whole app as very or extremely useful, with 80% intending to continue to use the strategies proposed, and 73,7% stating they would recommend it to other pregnant women. These results were analysed in relation to their self-reports of psychopathology symptoms and positive mental health. Interpretation/Discussion The strategies proposed by Mind the Mom app seem to provide participants with useful tools to enhance their well-being while pregnant through stressful times. Women with past or present history of anxiety or depression seem to benefit from this intervention, although it may be insufficient to assure a positive adjustment to the challenges of pregnancy. Conclusions E-health programs based on cognitive-behavioural strategies may be useful in promoting well-being of women during pregnancy. Further studies are needed to enlighten who benefits more from these programs, and how it can be suited to best serve the mental health needs of pregnant women from distinct backgrounds.

6.
Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology ; 40(2):XLVI-XLVII, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1762079
7.
Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentaria e Cirurgia Maxilofacial ; 62(4):246-253, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1737532

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the physical, psychological, social, and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the daily lives of oral health professionals in Portugal. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the form of an online questionnaire with 32 questions through Google Forms. The survey’s link was shared with oral health professionals in Portugal through institutional e-mail addresses and social networks. Results: The questionnaire obtained 364 responses. Regarding the impact of COVID-19 on clinical practice, 48.1% of professionals reported that the number of work hours decreased, and more than 74% reported a decrease in their monthly income. When asked about the affluence of patients, 43% indicated that it decreased. Approximately 30% of survey takers indicated that the current situation had affected the quality of the treatments carried out. As for the impact of COVID-19 on physical and mental health, the participants reported a considerable increase in tiredness and stress/anxiety levels. The vast majority (74%) admitted that they could not disconnect from work-related stress. Finally, 92.3% are aware and apply the directives for removing personal protective equipment. Conclusions: The present study concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic had a clear psychological, social, physical, and economic impact on oral health professionals in Portugal. Therefore, we believe that national public health institutions must transmit that dental practices are safe environments and create psychological and financial support mechanisms for the most affected professionals.

8.
Safety and Health at Work ; 13:S222, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1677152

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Influenza seasonal infection claims half a million lives in the world every year due to complications. The most effective tool to prevent the seasonal flu infection is with an annual Influenza vaccine. Healthcare workers (HCW) are part of a high-risk occupational category, since they contact directly with flu patients, therefore the vaccination of these workers is paramount. After the breakout of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), the prevention of the viral respiratory infections resurfaced to the public attention, including to HCW. The aim of this study is to evaluate the Influenza vaccination coverage of HCW in a general hospital located in Portugal (Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro), in a 9-year timeframe. Material and Methods: This study determined the percentage of our hospital HCW who received the Influenza vaccine by our Occupational Health and Work Medicine Service, from 2012 to 2020. Results and Conclusions: Data shows a record-high vaccination coverage in 2020, the same year which the COVID-19 pandemic reached Portugal. Comparing to the previous year, data shows a 30% increase in the percentage of vaccinated HCW from all types (48,5% vs 37,4%). In comparison to 2019, the percentage of vaccinated nurse practitioners increased 24% (44,9% vs 36,1%) and the percentage of vaccinated physicians increased 46% (64,0% vs 43,9%). Although is not possible to assume causality, this study suggests a correlation between the breakout of the COVID-19 pandemic and the increase in HCW Influenza vaccination coverage of this hospital.

9.
Safety and Health at Work ; 13:S212, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1677141

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Occupational diseases are annually responsible for the death of approximately 2.0 million people worldwide. Healthcare workers are at higher risk of developing several occupational diseases such as infectious diseases, musculoskeletal disorders and mental distress. This study aims to provide a profile of the main notified occupational diseases and the affected workers in a Portuguese hospital over the last 5 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted using data from the Occupational Health Service of Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga for the notified occupational diseases in hospital workers between July of 2016 and June of 2021. Results and Conclusions: A total of 355 cases of occupational diseases were notified among hospital workers in these 5 years. Our data showed that COVID-19 infection was the most reported disease since the onset of the current pandemic, with a total of 269 cases, 72 in the year 2020 and 197 in the first semester of 2021. Musculoskeletal disorders were the second most notified group of diseases, representing about 20% of all cases, and the most commonly reported diseases in the pre-pandemic years. Occupational diseases were more prevalent in nurses, followed by hospital aides and physicians. The notification of these diseases was highest among female workers. Ultimately, changes in working conditions and the introduction of new agents may give rise to emerging occupational health risks and diseases. The detection and investigation of these new diseases are essential from a perspective of early recognition and prevention.

10.
Safety and Health at Work ; 13:S208, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1677132

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Emergency healthcare workers (HCW) are the first point of contact for patients with traumatic injuries and acute illnesses. These professionals are at increased risk for respiratory and blood borne infections, as is the case of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Vaccination is a major tool for preventing HBV infections. The protection provided by the COVID-19 vaccines are yet under evaluation. The objective of this study is to evaluate the HBV and COVID-19 vaccination coverage and the serological hepatitis B immunity among nurse aides working in the emergency department (EM) in a secondary hospital in Portugal. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by analyzing the Occupational Health Service database of Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga in Aveiro, considering active nurse aides working in the EM in August 2021. Results and Conclusions: Of the total 71 workers included in the study, 61 (85.9%) had completed the vaccination against HBV. From these fully vaccinated HCW, 45 (73.7%) had confirmation of protective Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) levels (>10 mIU/mL) and 11 (18.3%) had unknown HBsAb levels. Regarding COVID-19 vaccination, 68 (95.7%) of the 71 total workers, had complete vaccination. From these, 43 (63.2%) had the last shot more than 6 months ago. Overall, there is a good adherence of nurse aides working in the EM to HBV and COVID-19 vaccination. In what concerns to HBV vaccination, it is important to implement a more robust system to diminish cases of workers only partially vaccinated or with unknown immunity status.

11.
21st International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications (ICCSA) ; 12954:463-475, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1588830

ABSTRACT

Trees are central in the Nature-based Solutions for promoting simultaneously quality of life and biodiversity while providing mitigation and adaptive ecosystem services in the cities. Based on the Geodesign framework using the GIS-Colab Platform, the impact of decision-making scenarios on tree-cover changes, as well as the consequences it will have for carbon sequestration, was evaluated for 2020, 2035 and 2050 in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP). This metropolitan area is one of the largest urban conglomerates in the world with more than 22 million people. It lies on the Atlantic Rainforest Biome, a tropical moist broadleaf forest regarded as a world hotspot of biodiversity. First, a diagnostic of the current conditions was elaborated using available layers of geospatial data from the MASP. Then the future tree cover was discussed according to three scenarios: i) the non-adopters that represent the business as usual;ii) the late-adopters that develop innovative actions from 2035;and iii) early-adopters that undertake innovative interventions of urban greening from 2020. The vegetation cover was estimated to be reduced by 4% considering the current non-adopter scenario by 2050. On the other hand, vegetation cover has the potential to increase 30% in 2050, once there is an early adoption of innovative interventions, promoting various ecosystem services and co-benefits that support the quality of life and the biodiversity in the MASP, while fostering the carbon credit in the city through vegetation carbon sink. This article points to possible pathways required to attain desired afforestation goals in the MASP following the Geodesign framework. This framework proved to be effective even though it was based only on remote meetings, imposed by the social distancing during the pandemic of COVID-19.

12.
21st International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2021 ; 12954 LNCS:463-475, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1446069

ABSTRACT

Trees are central in the Nature-based Solutions for promoting simultaneously quality of life and biodiversity while providing mitigation and adaptive ecosystem services in the cities. Based on the Geodesign framework using the GISColab Platform, the impact of decision-making scenarios on tree-cover changes, as well as the consequences it will have for carbon sequestration, was evaluated for 2020, 2035 and 2050 in the Metropolitan Area of São Paulo (MASP). This metropolitan area is one of the largest urban conglomerates in the world with more than 22 million people. It lies on the Atlantic Rainforest Biome, a tropical moist broadleaf forest regarded as a world hotspot of biodiversity. First, a diagnostic of the current conditions was elaborated using available layers of geospatial data from the MASP. Then the future tree cover was discussed according to three scenarios: i) the non-adopters that represent the business as usual;ii) the late-adopters that develop innovative actions from 2035;and iii) early-adopters that undertake innovative interventions of urban greening from 2020. The vegetation cover was estimated to be reduced by 4% considering the current non-adopter scenario by 2050. On the other hand, vegetation cover has the potential to increase 30% in 2050, once there is an early adoption of innovative interventions, promoting various ecosystem services and co-benefits that support the quality of life and the biodiversity in the MASP, while fostering the carbon credit in the city through vegetation carbon sink. This article points to possible pathways required to attain desired afforestation goals in the MASP following the Geodesign framework. This framework proved to be effective even though it was based only on remote meetings, imposed by the social distancing during the pandemic of COVID-19. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

13.
Revista Brasileira de Pesquisa em Turismo ; 15(1), 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1319830

ABSTRACT

This work aims to understand the experiences of tourists who traveled during the Covid-19 breakthrough, exploring the emotions and memories of in a chronological context of the trip. The method is qualitative, based on 21 in-depth interviews with Brazilian tourists who started trips between January and March 2020, contemplating experiences in every continent of the world. The data analysis data was based on grounded theory, through open, axial and selective coding. The results demonstrate the particularities experienced in travel experiences during the pandemic, with emotions that permeate happiness, fear, frustration, tension and relief. Still, it discusses how tourists got involved with travel planning, were pressured socially and made risk assessments before traveling. During the trip, unexpected experiences generated the transfiguration of the trip previously planned, the precarious service and helplessness, as well as self-protection behavior (or not) were listed. Finally, tourists reflected on the trip and its consequences. The contributions involve the classification of studies on tourism and Covid-19, and the proposal of a theoretical framework which discusses the emotions and memories of travelers before, during and after the travel experience.

14.
Journal of Gambling Issues ; 47:403-408, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1266852
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