Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
Am J Clin Dermatol ; 2022 Mar 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1748388

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of messenger RNA coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is yet to be delineated. It remains largely unknown how AD-related immunosuppressive medications affect the development of vaccine-induced immunity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of the BNT162b2 messenger RNA vaccine among patients with AD and to assess its effectiveness in protecting against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, COVID-19-associated hospitalization, and mortality. A specific analysis additionally examined whether AD-related immunosuppressive drugs influenced the effectiveness of the vaccine. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was performed using the database of Clalit Heath Services, Israel, to follow adult patients with AD. Multivariate Cox and logistic regression analyses were utilized to calculate the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and odds ratio (OR) of the incident outcomes. RESULTS: As of 26 June, 2021, 58,582 (75.4%) out of 77,682 adult patients with AD completed two BNT162b2 vaccine doses in Israel. Adulthood-onset AD (adjusted OR, 1.34; 95% CI 1.28-1.40; p < 0.001) and moderate-to-severe AD (adjusted OR, 1.13; 95% CI 1.05-1.21; p = 0.001) predicted an increased vaccination rate. Vaccinated patients with AD demonstrated a significantly decreased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection (adjusted HR, 0.20; 95% CI 0.16-0.26; p < 0.001), COVID-19-associated hospitalization (adjusted HR, 0.08; 95% CI 0.04-0.18; p < 0.001), and COVID-19-associated mortality (adjusted HR, 0.04; 95% CI 0.01-0.20; p < 0.001). Exposure to immunosuppressive drugs (n = 597; 0.8% of patients) did not impair the protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection after vaccination (adjusted HR, 0.95; 95% CI 0.13-6.81; p = 0.958). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AD, COVID-19 vaccination is highly effective for a wide range of COVID-19-related outcomes. Immunosuppressive drugs did not impair the effectiveness of the vaccine in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection in this retrospective analysis.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261772, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1591204

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify predicators of patients with fibromyalgia (FM) that are associated with a severe COVID-19 disease course. METHODS: We utilized the data base of the Clalit Health Services (CHS); the largest public organization in Israel, and extracted data concerning patients with FM. We matched two subjects without FM to each subject with FM by sex and age and geographic location. Baseline characteristics were evaluated by t-test for continuous variables and chi-square for categorical variables. Predictors of COVID-19 associated hospitalization were identified using univariable logistic regression model, significant variables were selected and analyzed by a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: The initial cohort comprised 18,598 patients with FM and 36,985 matched controls. The mean age was 57.5± 14.5(SD), with a female dominance of 91%. Out of this cohort we extracted the study population, which included all patients contracted with COVID-19, and consisted of 571 patients with FM and 1008 controls. By multivariable analysis, the following variables were found to predict COVID-19 associated hospitalization in patients with FM: older age (OR, 1.25; CI, 1.13-1.39; p<0.001), male sex (OR, 2.63; CI, 1.18-5.88; p<0.05) and hypertension (OR, 1.75; CI, 1.04-2.95; p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The current population-based study revealed that FM per se was not directly associated with COVID-19 hospitalization or related mortality. Yet classical risk factors endangering the general population were also relevant among patients with FM.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Fibromyalgia/epidemiology , Adult , Aged , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Israel/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Immunol Res ; 70(1): 106-113, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1465909

ABSTRACT

The risk of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infection and its complications among patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) treated by dupilumab is yet to be determined. We aimed to assess the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, COVID-19-associated hospitalization, and mortality among patients with AD treated by dupilumab. A population-based cohort study was conducted to compare AD patients treated by dupilumab (n = 238) with those treated by prolonged systemic corticosteroids (≥ 3 months; n = 1,023), phototherapy (n = 461), and azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; n = 194) regarding the incidence of COVID-19 and its complications. The incidence rate of COVID-19, COVID-19-associated hospitalization, and mortality among patients treated by dupilumab was 70.1 (95% CI, 40.5-116.4), 5.0 (95% CI, 0.3-24.7), and 0.0 per 1,000 person-year, respectively. The use of dupilumab was not associated with an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection [adjusted HR for dupilumab vs. prolonged systemic corticosteroids: 1.13 (95% CI, 0.61-2.09); dupilumab vs. phototherapy: 0.80 (95% CI, 0.42-1.53); dupilumab vs. azathioprine/MMF: 1.10 (95% CI, 0.45-2.65)]. Dupilumab was associated with a comparable risk of COVID-19-associated hospitalization [adjusted HR for dupilumab vs. prolonged systemic corticosteroids: 0.35 (95% CI, 0.05-2.71); dupilumab vs. phototherapy: 0.43 (95% CI, 0.05-3.98); dupilumab vs. azathioprine/MMF: 0.25 (95% CI, 0.02-2.74)]. When applicable, the risk of mortality was not elevated in patients with AD treated by dupilumab [HR for dupilumab vs. prolonged systemic corticosteroids: 0.04 (95% CI, 0.00-225.20)]. To conclude, dupilumab does not impose an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection or COVID-19 complications in patients with AD. Dupilumab should be continued and considered as a safe drug for moderate-to-severe AD during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , COVID-19/mortality , Dermatitis, Atopic , Hospitalization , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Dermatitis, Atopic/mortality , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
4.
Dermatitis ; 32(1S): S45-S52, 2021 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1276257

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The burden of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to characterize a large cohort of COVID-19-positive adult patients with AD and to identify predictors of COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. METHODS: A population-based nested case-control study was performed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of predictors for COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. RESULTS: Of 78,073 adult patients with AD, 3618 (4.6%) tested positive for COVID-19. Subclinical COVID-19 infection occurred in 3368 (93.1%) of COVID-19-positive patients, whereas 123 (3.4%), 46 (1.3%), 55 (1.5%), and 26 (0.7%) patients developed a mild, moderate, severe, and critical disease, respectively. Altogether, 250 patients (6.0%) were hospitalized, and 40 patients (1.1%) died because of COVID-19 complications. Coronavirus disease 2019-associated hospitalization was independently associated with the intake of extended courses of systemic corticosteroids (adjusted odds ratio, 1.96; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-3.14; P = 0.005). None of AD-related variables independently predicted COVID-19-associated mortality. The presence of comorbid metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic renal failure, and depression projected both COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged systemic corticosteroids during the pandemic are associated with increased odds of COVID-19-associated hospitalization and should be avoided in patients with AD.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality , Cost of Illness , Dermatitis, Atopic/complications , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/therapy , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Survival Rate , Young Adult
5.
Am J Clin Dermatol ; 22(5): 709-718, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1248759

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impact of immune-related conditions on the outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is poorly understood. Determinants of COVID-19 outcomes among patients with psoriasis are yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: Th objective of this study was to characterize a large cohort of patients with psoriasis with COVID-19 and to identify predictors of COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. METHODS: A population-based nested case-control study was performed using the computerized database of Clalit Health Services, Israel. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence (CIs) of predictors for COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. RESULTS: The study population included 3151 patients with psoriasis who tested positive for COVID-19. Subclinical COVID-19 infection occurred in 2818 (89.4%) of the patients while 122 (3.9%), 71 (2.3%), 123 (3.9%), and 16 (0.5%) of the patients experienced a mild, moderate, severe, and critical disease, respectively. Overall, 332 (10.5%) patients were hospitalized and 50 (1.6%) patients died because of COVID-19 complications. Intake of methotrexate independently predicted COVID-19-associated hospitalization (adjusted OR 2.30; 95% CI 1.11-4.78; p = 0.025). Use of biologic agents was not associated with COVID-19-associated hospitalization (OR 0.75; 95% CI 0.32-1.73; p = 0.491) or mortality (OR 0.85; 95% CI 0.12-6.21; p = 0.870). Older age, the presence of comorbid cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic renal failure independently predicted both COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The use of oral methotrexate was associated with an increased odds of COVID-associated hospitalization, whereas the use of biologic drugs was not associated with worse outcomes of COVID-19 among patients with psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/therapeutic use , COVID-19/mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
6.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 85(1): 79-87, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1246003

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The burden of COVID-19 in patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) and pemphigus is yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks of COVID-19 and COVID-19-associated hospitalization and mortality in patients with BP and pemphigus and to delineate determinants of severe COVID-19 illness among these patients. METHODS: A population-based cohort study compared COVID-19 and its complications in patients with BP (n = 1845) and pemphigus (n = 1236) with age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched control subjects. RESULTS: The risks of COVID-19 (hazard rate [HR], 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-1.73; P = .691) and COVID-19-associated hospitalization (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 0.84-2.98; P = .160) was comparable between patients with BP and controls. The risk of COVID-19-associated mortality was higher among patients with BP (HR, 2.82; 95% CI, 1.15-6.92; P = .023). The risk of COVID-19 (HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.44-1.49; P = .496), COVID-19-associated hospitalization (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 0.53-3.76; P = .499), and COVID-19-associated mortality (HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.15-11.92; P = .789) was similar in patients with pemphigus and their controls. Systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressants did not predispose COVID-19-positive BP and pemphigus patients to a more severe illness. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective data collection. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with BP experience increased COVID-19-associated mortality and should be monitored closely. Maintaining systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressive adjuvant agents during the pandemic is not associated with worse outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/etiology , Pemphigoid, Bullous/complications , Pemphigus/complications , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/mortality , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(4): e15003, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1242157

ABSTRACT

The risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its complications among patients with psoriasis treated by tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis) remains to be decisively delineated. We aimed to assess the risk of COVID-19 infection, COVID-19-associated hospitalization, and mortality among Israeli patients with psoriasis treated by TNFi relative to other systemic agents. A population-based cohort study was conducted to compare psoriasis patients treated by TNFi (n = 1943), with those treated by methotrexate (n = 1929), ustekinumab (n = 348), and acitretin (n = 1892) regarding COVID-19 outcomes. Risk of investigated outcomes was assessed using uni- and multi-variate Cox regression analyses. The incidence rate of COVID-19, COVID-19-associated hospitalization, and mortality in the TNFi group was 35.8 (95% CI, 26.1-47.9), 0.8 (95% CI, 0.0-4.2), and 0.0 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Exposure to TNFi was associated with a comparable risk of COVID-19 infection [adjusted hazard ration (HR) for TNFi vs methotrexate: 1.07 (95% CI, 0.67-1.71); TNFi vs ustekinumab: 1.07 (95% CI, 0.48-2.40); TNFi vs acitretin: 0.98 (95% CI, 0.61-1.57)]. TNFi was associated with a decreased risk of COVID-19-associated hospitalization relative to methotrexate (adjusted HR, 0.10; 95% CI, 0.01-0.82) and ustekinumab (adjusted HR, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.00-0.64), but not to acitretin (adjusted HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.16-6.16). No significant difference in COVID-19-associated mortality was found between the four different groups. TNFi was associated with a decreased risk of admissions due to COVID-19. Our findings substantiate the continuation of TNFi treatment during the pandemic. TNFi may be positively considered in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis warranting systemic treatment during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , COVID-19 , Psoriasis , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Hospitalization , Humans , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Psoriasis/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL