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1.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272569, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1978856

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) services play a fundamental role in managing the accesses of potential Sars-Cov-2 cases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the SARS COV-2 pandemic on pediatric accesses in Emergency Department of Lazio Region. METHODS: The population includes all pediatric accesses (0-17 years) in the ED of Lazio Region during 2019 and 2020. Accesses were characterized by age, week and calendar period. Four periods were defined: pre-lockdown, lockdown, post-lockdown and the second wave. The trend of ED accesses (total or for specific cause) in 2020 (by period and week) were compared to them occurred in 2019. ED visits have been described by absolute frequency and percentage variation. Percentage variation of adult was also reported to compare the trend in adult and young population. The Chi-square test was used to compare characteristics of admissions in 2019 and 2020. RESULTS: There is a large decrease of pediatric accesses in 2020 compared to 2019 (-47%), especially for younger age-classes (1-2 years: -52.5% and 3-5 years: -50.5%). Pediatric visits to ED in 2020 decreased following the same trend of adults, but more drastically (-47% vs -30%). ED accesses for suspected COVID-19 pneumonia trend show different characteristics between children and adults: in adults there is an increase in 2020, especially during the 2nd wave period (+321%), in children there is a decrease starting from the lockdown period to the achievement of the lowest level in December 2020 (-98%). CONCLUSIONS: This descriptive study has identified a decrease of total pediatric accesses in ED in 2020 compared to 2019 and a different trend of accesses by adult and young population especially by cause. The monitoring of paediatric accesses could be a useful tool to analyse the trend of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy and to reprogramming of the healthcare offer according to criteria of clinical and organizational appropriateness.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Communicable Disease Control , Delivery of Health Care , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Infant , Information Systems , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(8)2022 04 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785710

ABSTRACT

This study compares surgery volumes for fractures of the neck of the femur (FNF) and hip replacements during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with previous years. Historical (2018-2019) and pandemic (2020-2021) surgery rates for FNF and hip replacement in Lazio, adjusted for age and gender, were calculated per period and compared with a Poisson regression model. For hip replacement surgery, a comparison of different types of hospitals was also made. Before COVID-19's spread, no difference was found in the volume of surgery of both interventions. From the lockdown to the end of 2021, a decrease in surgery volumes for FNF with stabilization between summer 2020 and summer 2021, as well as an additional decline beginning at the start of Omicron's spread, were found. Hip replacement surgeries showed a greater decline during the lockdown period and increased during summer 2020 and during the Delta wave period. The increment in hip replacements, mainly observed in 2021, is due to private and religious hospitals. These results highlight that the pandemic emergency, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has had an important indirect effect on the population's health assistance in the field of orthopedics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hip Fractures , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Femur , Hip Fractures/epidemiology , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
3.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-321956

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has a non-negligible indirect impact on hospital care pathways, which is important to estimate. To this aim, we set up the Mimico-19 network of seven Italian regions (62% of the Italian population) representing different socio-demographic areas of the country with also a different burden of the epidemic. We retrospectively analysed regional hospital discharges data, computing twelve indicators of volumes and performance in three clinical areas: cardiology, oncology and orthopaedics, including time-dependent pathways and elective surgery. Weekly indicators for the period January-July 2020 were compared with the average of the corresponding indicators in 2018 and 2019;comparisons were performed within 3 sub-periods: pre-lockdown, lockdown and post-lockdown. The weekly trend of hospitalizations for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) showed a 40% reduction, but the proportion of STEMI patients with a primary PTCA did not significantly change from previous years. Volumes of malignant neoplasms surgeries differed substantially by site, with a limited reduction for lung cancer (<20%) and greater declines (30-40%) for breast and prostate cancers. Hospitalizations for femoral neck fracture in the elderly decreased by 20%, but the percentage of timely interventions remained constantly higher than the previous years. General trends did not show important differences across regions, regardless of the different Covid-19 burden. Hospitalizations have generally decreased, but the capacity of a timely and effective response in time-dependent pathways of care was not jeopardized throughout the period. The drop in the care demand for cardiovascular diseases and cancers needs to be further investigated and monitored more thoroughly.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21526, 2021 11 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1500514

ABSTRACT

Earlier in 2020, seven Italian regions, which cover 62% of the Italian population, set up the Mimico-19 network to monitor the side effects of the restrictive measures against Covid-19 on volumes and quality of care. To this aim, we retrospectively analysed hospital discharges data, computing twelve indicators of volume and performance in three clinical areas: cardiology, oncology, and orthopaedics. Weekly indicators for the period January-July 2020 were compared with the corresponding average for 2018-2019; comparisons were performed within 3 sub-periods: pre-lockdown, lockdown, and post-lockdown. The weekly trend of hospitalisations for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) showed a 40% reduction, but the proportion of STEMI patients with a primary PTCA did not significantly change from previous years. Malignant neoplasms surgery volumes differed substantially by site, with a limited reduction for lung cancer (< 20%) and greater declines (30-40%) for breast and prostate cancers. The percentage of timely surgery for femoral neck in the elderly remained constantly higher than the previous 2 years whereas hip and knee replacements fell dramatically. Hospitalisations have generally decreased, but the capacity of a timely and effective response in time-dependent pathways of care was not jeopardized throughout the period. General trends did not show important differences across regions, regardless of the different burden of Covid-19. Preventive and primary care services should adopt a pro-active approach, moving towards the identification of at-risk conditions that were neglected during the pandemic and timely addressing patients to the secondary care system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/statistics & numerical data , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/statistics & numerical data , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19/virology , Female , Hospitalization/trends , Humans , Italy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Quarantine , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/pathology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy
5.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(10): 3403-3410, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1297617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex chronic, autoimmune inflammatory disease involving multidisciplinary assessments and interventions. Access to outpatient specialist and home healthcare services was explored during the pandemic outbreak and the lockdown amongst MS patients in the Lazio region. Adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) is also described. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted using regional healthcare administrative databases. A validated algorithm was used to identify MS cases over the period 2011-2018. The numbers of specialist and home-based services were compared between 2019 and 2020. The medication possession ratio was used to measure adherence to DMTs. RESULTS: A total of 9380 MS patients were identified (68% women). A decline in the number of outpatient care services between March and June 2020 compared to the previous year was observed, in particular for rehabilitation (-82%), magnetic resonance imaging (-56%) and neurological specialist services (-91%). Important year-to-year variations were observed in May and June 2020 in home-based nursing and medical care (-91%) and motor re-education services (-74%). Adherence to DMTs was higher in the first 4 months of 2019 compared to the same period of 2020 (67.1% vs. 57.0%). CONCLUSIONS: A notable disruption of rehabilitative therapy and home-based services as well as in DMT adherence was observed. Since the pandemic is still ongoing and interruption of healthcare services could have a major impact on MS patients, it is necessary to monitor access of MS patients to healthcare resources in order to ensure adequate treatments, including rehabilitative therapies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Communicable Disease Control , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy , Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Epidemiol Prev ; 44(5-6): 359-366, 2020.
Article in Italian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1134602

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic on the access to the emergency services of the Lazio Region (Central Italy) for time-dependent pathologies, for suspected SARS-CoV-2 symptoms, and for potentially inappropriate conditions. DESIGN: observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: accesses to the emergency departments (EDs) of Lazio Region hospitals in the first three months of 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: total number of accesses to the emergency room and number of specific accesses for cardio and cerebrovascular diseases, for severe trauma, for symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions, and for symptoms related to pneumonia. RESULTS: in the first 3 months of 2019, there were 429,972 accesses to the EDs of Lazio Region; in the same period of 2020, accesses arise to 353,806, (reduction of 21.5%), with a 73% reduction in the last three weeks of march 2020 as compared with the corresponding period of 2019. Comparing the first 3 months of the 2017-2019 with 2020, the accesses for acute coronary syndrome and acute cerebrovascular disease decreased since the 10th week up to more than 57% and 50%, respectively. The accesses due to symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions, proxy of potentially inappropriate conditions, decreased since the 8th week, with a maximum reduction of 70%. Access to severe trauma decreased by up to 70% in the 11th week. The accesses for pneumonia increased up to a 70% increment in the 12th week. CONCLUSIONS: the evaluation of accesses to emergency services during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic can provide useful elements for the promotion and improvement of the planning, for the management of critical situations, and for the reprogramming of the healthcare offer based on clinical and organizational appropriateness.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Italy/epidemiology
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