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Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 61(SUPPL 1):i63, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868392


Background/Aims We evaluated the RCN Competency Framework for Rheumatology Nurses published in March 2020. The competency aims to support personal development plans, continuing professional development (CPD) and career progression for rheumatology nurses to advanced practice acting as a benchmarking tool, providing a framework to support succession planning and service development, forming the base for a nationwide standard curriculum for training. This evaluation explores rheumatology nurses' views of the competency, and identify benefits, limitations, and recommendations. Methods We used a sequential research design utilising a questionnaire circulated from 13 March to 25 April 2021 followed by semi-structured interviews between May 2021 and August 2021. Results 106 people responded to the survey, 99 (93%) working as adult rheumatology nurses. There were 55 (52%) band 7 nurses and a wide range of job titles. Most nurses, 93 (87%) had academic qualification at degree or Master's level. Most respondents 77 (73%) were from England. 74 (70%) found out about the competency via the RCN Rheumatology Nursing Forum Facebook page, or via the BSR website (35%). Most (71%) respondents had their present role for five years or more and 103 (50%) nurses had been in their role for more than 10 years. When asked whether they had used the competency in their practice, 57 (54%) said they had. Reasons for using it were;to provide a framework for learning, to use as a benchmarking tool, for CPD, for teaching, to demonstrate skills and knowledge, when managing others, to show managers how their role can develop. Redeployment due to COVID-19 and workforce issues were the main reason why the competency was not implemented fully. However, using it with new staff was cited as beneficial. Free text comments described very good detail and identification of learning needs, giving good understanding of the underpinning knowledge. 15 nurses responded for interviews and 14 were conducted. The average was 12 minutes totalling 171 minutes. We asked why they used the competency, for any potential strengths or limitations, how much time it took to complete, would they use it again, improvement suggestions, if they would recommend it to others, and whether it was easy to locate. People said a paediatric rheumatology module and an accessible course focussed on leadership is needed. When asked to summarise the competency in five words, one said it was 'a reliable tool to improve quality care and set standards for education of nurses'. Conclusion The competency was well received as a strengthening resource for UK rheumatology nurses. We recommended that these competencies are universally adopted. Further dissemination is required and education needs must be addressed. A development framework is planned. Further analysis will be published in 2022. A review of the competency is due in 2023.

Rheumatology (United Kingdom) ; 61(SUPPL 1):i58, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868388


Background/Aims Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) need support to understand and manage their condition. The COVID-19 pandemic rapidly transformed outpatient clinical consultations from face-to-face towards remote models. This increased the emphasis placed upon self-assessment of joints and disease activity, strengthening the need for patient education materials. We planned to develop a video to support patient research participants to monitor disease activity remotely using the REMORA app. We altered the video's scope and made it open access to meet the need created by changes in service delivery models. Methods A video demonstrating self-examination of tender and swollen joints in RA was co-produced with patients and the multi-disciplinary team. A nurse consultant introduces key concepts, (how to identify and examine tender and swollen joints, which joints to include, etc), coaches a patient through self-examination, and answers key questions. Materials co-produced to support implementation into practice include a joint count manikin and table, an advertising poster, and blogs. Collaboration with international research colleagues has led to the production of a version dubbed in German. Subtitles are available in German and Hindi. Online feedback was sought via a survey. Ethical approval was not required as all contributors acted as equal members of the research team. Results The 15-minute video, supporting materials and survey were uploaded to YouTube in February 2021 []. 1,000 hits were received in week one, reaching >12,500 after eight months. 20% of viewers are UK-based, 15% from the USA, 10% from India. 26% of views used English subtitles, 0.2% German, 0.1% Hindi. 124/125 people engaging with the 'like/dislike' function on YouTube, 'liked' the video. 48 people fed-back online (26 patients, 22 clinicians). Patient ages were: 18-35(5%), 36-55(62%), 56-75(29%), 76+(5%), the majority of whom were female (19/21[91%]). Before watching, 14/ 17(82%) patients rated themselves as 'poor'-'fair' at self-examination: after watching, the same number rated themselves as 'good'- 'excellent'. 19/21(90%) and 17/21(81%) patients respectively either somewhat or strongly agreed with the statements 'I now feel confident to self-examine for' 'tender' or 'swollen' joints. 19/21(90%) of patients and 13/17(77%) clinicians either somewhat or strongly agreed with the statement that 'the video fulfilled my expectations'. 18/21(86%) patients and 12/17(71%) clinicians would recommend the video. To date, several national organisations have engaged with the video. It supports the BSR ePROMS platform and national audit. The National Rheumatoid Arthritis Society plans to incorporate it into the 'Know your DAS app', and it will contribute to an NHSX playbook of digital best practice. Conclusion This co-produced training video for people with RA, originally intended to support a remote monitoring app, has been well-received, with much wider-reaching international impact than anticipated. This demonstrates the need for materials collaboratively designed with patients to support patient self-management of long-term conditions, in the digital era.

Critical Care Medicine ; 50(1 SUPPL):722, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1691797


INTRODUCTION: Interest in using bedside C-reactive protein and ferritin levels to identify patients with hyperinflammatory sepsis who might benefit from anti-inflammatory therapies piqued with the COVID-19 pandemic experience. These widely available low-cost biomarkers might be similarly useful for assessing inflammatory profiles of all critically ill children with sepsis and septic shock and eventually guiding the use of precision anti-inflammatory therapies. We hypothesized groupbased trajectories of CRP and ferritin among critically ill children with sepsis would be associated with mortality and distinct inflammatory cytokine profiles. METHODS: Children with sepsis and organ failure from 9 pediatric intensive care units were enrolled in a prospective, observational cohort. Plasma CRP (mg/dL), ferritin (ng/mL), and 29 cytokine levels were measured at two samplings during sepsis (median Day 2 and Day 5). Group-based multi-trajectory models (GBMTM) identified groups of children with distinct patterns of CRP and ferritin. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-five children had at least 2 CRP and ferritin measurements. Five distinct clinical multitrajectory groups were identified with significantly different median maximum organ failures (MOF) and mortality. Group 1 had normal CRP and ferritin levels (n = 8;median MOF 2.0 [interquartile range 1.0, 2.0] and 0 % mortality);Group 2 had high CRP levels that became normal, with normal ferritin levels throughout (n = 80;median MOF 2.0 [1.0, 2.0] and 5% mortality);Group 3 had high ferritin levels alone (n=16;median MOF 2.5 [2.0, 3.0] and 6.3% mortality);Group 4 had very high CRP levels, and increased ferritin levels (n = 121;median MOF 2.0 [2.0, 4.0] and 10.7% mortality);and, Group 5 had very high CRP and very high ferritin levels (n = 30;median MOF 3.0 [2.0, 4.0] and 40% mortality). Cytokine responses differed across the 5 groups, with ferritin levels associated with macrophage inflammatory protein 1 a, and CRP levels reflective of many cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: Bedside CRP and ferritin levels can be used together to compute distinct groups of children with sepsis who have different systemic inflammation cytokine responses and mortality risks potentially targetable in clinical trials evaluating specific anti-inflammatory therapies.

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 80(SUPPL 1):41, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1358749


Background: COVID-19 has catalysed the transformation of healthcare services, with outpatient services increasingly dependent upon remote models of care. Healthcare professionals now have to make clinical assessments based on remote patient examinations. The number of tender and swollen joints a patient has drives decision-making in RA, making it particularly important that people with RA and HCPs have a shared understanding of these examinations. Even before remote consultations became widespread, long gaps between clinic visits create challenges in enabling HCPs to form an accurate picture of disease activity over time. The REMORA (REmote MOnitoring of Rheumatoid Arthritis) app aims to address this issue by asking people with RA to track disease activity, including counting the number of tender or swollen joints, weekly(1). Data are integrated into the electronic patient record for clinicians to access with patients during clinical consultations. As part of the supporting materials for the REMORA app, we planned to develop a video to train people with RA how to examine their own joints. This video may now help meet the need created by the recent expansion in remote consultations. Objectives: To describe the co-production, implementation and evaluation of a video to train patients how to examine their own joints. Methods: The need for the video to fill a current gap in patient education was identified by the REMORA patient and public involvement and engagement (PPIE) group. A core working group comprising the PPIE lead, a nurse consultant, rheumatology clinicians, project and communications managers was formed. A storyboard was drafted and feedback gained from the PPIE group and wider REMORA team. Images were sourced from licenced suppliers, or co-developed with the PPIE group where necessary. No ethical approval was required as the PPIE group lead was acting as an equal member of the research term. Written informed consent was gained from video participants. Filming took place between two national lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing a challenge to ensure social distancing and requiring the use of masks. Results: A 15 minute video to train people with RA to self-examine for tender and swollen joints was developed. An introduction outlining the rationale behind self-examination is followed by a nurse consultant coaching an RA patient in individual joint self-examination. Shoulders, elbows, wrists, metacarpophalangeal joints, proximal interphalangeal joints and knees are included, all of which are counted in disease activity scores. Early feedback from stakeholders has been overwhelmingly positive. The video will be publicly available on YouTube from February 2021. A survey of patients and HCPs aims to obtain more formal feedback on the video, with a view to a further iteration, if required. Leading national organisations in rheumatology will promote the video, as it supports national programmes including the British Society for Rheumatology national early inflammatory arthritis audit and ePROMS (electronic patient report outcome measure) platform, both of which include entry of patient reported tender and swollen joint counts. Conclusion: This video was co-designed by people with RA, aiming to support self-examination of tender and swollen joint counts. Hits on YouTube and survey responses will help assess its impact. Evaluation to assess whether the video affects patients' ability to self-examine for tender and swollen joints before and after watching is planned. We hope the video will support remote consultations and help people with arthritis to better understand and self-manage their arthritis, and to have shared decision making conversations with their clinicians.