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1.
Cureus ; 13(11): e20007, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1604368

ABSTRACT

Adrenal hemorrhage is the most common cause of adrenal mass in newborns. We present a case of a full-term male, born by cesarean section due to acute fetal distress from a mother with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. He was diagnosed with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, multifactorial shock, and early neonatal sepsis. On the seventh day of hospitalization, hemoglobin dropped and thus blood transfusion was required, and abdominal ultrasound showed bilateral adrenal hemorrhage. He developed relative adrenal insufficiency without either hemodynamic instability or electrolyte imbalances. The use of parenteral corticosteroids was not required. Follow-up ultrasonography and adrenal axis laboratory examination revealed complete resolution of adrenal hemorrhage. Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage has a wide variety of clinical manifestations. Ultrasound is preferred for both initial screening and follow-up evaluation. Adrenal insufficiency occurs rarely in neonatal adrenal hemorrhage. Treatment is usually conservative. We emphasize the importance of a timely diagnosis and clinical follow-up of adrenal hemorrhage in neonates with fetal distress born from mothers with severe COVID-19.

2.
Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 14(Supl. 1): 55-61, oct. 21, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1529106

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La obesidad en niños y adolescentes ha aumentado exponencialmente en todo el mundo. Asimismo, la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19) ha conducido a una mayor tasa de obesidad pediátrica. El exceso de tejido adiposo genera una desregulación de hormonas como adiponectina, ghrelina y leptina, entre otras. Las alteraciones metabólicas pueden ocasionar enfermedad cardiovascular, dislipidemias, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus tipo 2, enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico, trastornos del sueño y mayor riesgo de COVID-19 severo. La obesidad tiene diferentes enfoques terapéuticos, como programas conductuales de pérdida de peso, tratamientos farmacológicos y procedimientos quirúrgicos. De esta manera, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento oportuno es importante para disminuir la mortalidad asociada a la obesidad en la población pediátrica.


Introduction: Obesity in children and adolescents has increased exponentially worldwide. Likewise, the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has led to a higher rate of pediatric obesity. Excess adipose tissue leads to dysregulation of hormones such as adiponectin, ghrelin and leptin, among others. Metabolic alterations can lead to cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemias, arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep disorders and increased risk of severe COVID-19. Obesity has different therapeutic approaches, such as behavioral weight loss programs, pharmacological treatments and surgical procedures. Thus, timely diagnosis and treatment is important to decrease obesity-associated mortality in the pediatric population.

5.
Rev. peru. ginecol. obstet. (En línea) ; 66(3): 00004, jul-sep 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1110963

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción . La pandemia por COVID-19 es una emergencia sanitaria y social mundial. El conocimiento sobre su efecto en las gestantes es todavía limitado. Objetivo . Describir los resultados materno-perinatales de COVID-19 según clasificación de severidad en mujeres hospitalizadas en la segunda mitad del embarazo. Métodos . Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, desde marzo hasta julio del 2020, en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, EsSalud, Lima, Perú. Se incluyeron a todas las gestantes hospitalizadas con RT-PCR y/o prueba rápida positiva para SARS-CoV-2. Se excluyeron los embarazos menores a 20 semanas y las altas epidemiológicas. Las características maternas al ingreso y los resultados materno-perinatales fueron agrupados según la clasificación clínica de la enfermedad. Las variables cualitativas son presentadas en recuentos y porcentajes; y las cuantitativas, en medianas y rangos. Resultados . Se estudiaron 247 gestantes. La mayoría correspondía al tercer trimestre (76%). La presentación más frecuente de la virosis fue asintomática (83%) y los casos de neumonía severa fueron pocos (3,2%). La tasa de cesárea fue alta (60%), aunque los partos vaginales se duplicaron en el tiempo (0-24% a 44%). Los casos severos tuvieron mayor tasa de cesárea (100%) y parto prematuro iatrogénico (100%). No se reportaron muertes maternas. Se registraron 9 óbitos fetales y 5 neonatos positivos para SARS-CoV-2, ambos entre las asintomáticas y leves. Conclusiones . En nuestra institución, la posibilidad de cesárea y de parto prematuro iatrogénico fue mayor en los casos severos. La tasa de parto vaginal aumentó en los últimos meses. No se identificaron complicaciones perinatales relacionadas al COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health and social emergency. Knowledge is still limited about its effect on pregnant women. Objective: To describe maternal-perinatal outcomes of COVID-19 according to severity classification in women hospitalized in the second half of pregnancy. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, observational study from March to July 2020 at Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital. All hospitalized pregnant women with RT-PCR and/ or rapid positive test for SARS-CoV-2 were included. Pregnancies less than 20 weeks and epidemiological discharges were excluded. Maternal characteristics at admission and maternal-perinatal outcomes were grouped according to the clinical classification of the disease. The qualitative variables are presented in counts and percentages; and quantitative ones, in medians and ranges. Results: 247 pregnant women were studied. Most of them were in the third trimester (76%). The most frequent presentation of the disease was asymptomatic (83%), and cases of severe pneumonia were few (3.2%). The cesarean section rate was high (60%), although vaginal deliveries doubled over time (0-24 a 44%). Severe cases had a higher rate of cesarean section (100%) and iatrogenic preterm delivery (75%). No maternal deaths were reported. There were 9 stillbirths and 5 positive neonates for SARS-CoV-2, both among asymptomatic and mild patients. 9 stillbirths and 5 positive neonates for SARS-CoV-2, both among asymptomatic and mild cases. Conclusions: The possibility of cesarean section and iatrogenic preterm delivery is greater in severe cases. The vaginal delivery rate increased in recent months. No perinatal complications related to COVID-19 were identified.

7.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 4(2): e00189, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-882334

ABSTRACT

The direct relation between the overweight/obesity, MAFLD and the severity SARS-CoV-2 infection. increase number of cases of obesity and MAFLD is an important risk factor for high mortality of COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fatty Liver , Developing Countries , Fatty Liver/epidemiology , Humans , Obesity/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
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