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Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S7, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322571


Objectives: To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of CoronaVac and ChAdOx1 vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Method(s): These data are from the 'SAFER (Safety and Efficacy on COVID-19 Vaccine in Rheumatic Diseases)' study, a Brazilian multicentric longitudinal phase IV study to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine in immunomediated rheumatic diseases (IMRDs). Adverse events (AEs) in patients with RA were assessed after two doses of ChAdOx1 or CoronaVac. Stratification of postvaccination AEs was performed using a diary, filled out daily. The titers of neutralizing antibodies against the receptor-biding domain of SARS-CoV-2 (anti-RBD) were measured by chemilumine scence test after each dose of immunizers. Proportions between groups were compared using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests for categorical variables. Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) before and after vaccination was assessed using the McNemar test. Result(s): A total of 188 patients with RA were included in the study, most of them were female. CoronaVac was used in 109 patients and ChAdOx1 in 79. Only mild AEs were observed. The more common AEs after the first dose were pain at injection site (46,7%), headache (39,4%), arthralgia (39,4%) and myalgia (30,5%), and ChAdOx1 had a higher frequency of pain at the injection site (66% vs 32 %, p alpha 0.001) arthralgia (62% vs 22%, p alpha 0.001) and myalgia (45% vs 20%, p alpha 0.001) compared to CoronaVac. The more common AEs after the second dose were pain at the injection site (37%), arthralgia (31%), myalgia (23%) and headache (21%). Arthralgia (41,42 % vs 25 %, p = 0.02) and pain at injection site (51,43% vs 27%, p = 0.001) were more common with ChAdOx1. No patients had a flare after vaccination. The titers of anti-RBDafter two doses of ChAdOx1 were higher compared to two doses of CoronaVac (6,03 BAU/mL vs 4,67 BAU/mL, p alpha 0,001). Conclusion(s): The frequency of local adverse effects, particularly pain at injection site, was high. AEs were more frequent with ChAdOx1, especially after the first dose. The use of the immunizers dis not change the degree of inflammatory activity of the disease. In patients with RA, ChAdOx1 was more immunogenic than CoronaVac. .

Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S8-S9, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322015


Objectives: Patients with immune-mediated rheumatic diseases (IMRDs) develop more severe outcomes of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Recent studies have contributed to understand the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in IMRDs, suggesting that different diseases and therapies may interfere on immunization efficacy. In this study we analyze the immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccines in patients with Systemic Vasculitides (VASC), the rate of COVID-19 and the frequency of disease relapse following immunization. Method(s): We included patients with VASC (n = 73), a subgroup of the SAFER study (Safety and Efficacy on COVID-19 Vaccine in Rheumatic Disease), a longitudinal, multicenter, Brazilian cohort.We analyzed the geometric means of IgG antibody against receptor-biding domain of protein spike of SARS-CoV-2 (anti-RBD) after two shots of CoronaVac (Inactivated vaccine), ChadOx-1 (AstraZeneca) or BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech). IgG anti-RBD was measured by chemiluminescence test. We assessed new-onset COVID-19 episodes, adverse events (AE) and disease activity for each VASC. Result(s): The sample included Behcet's disease (BD) (n = 41), Takayasu arteritis (TAK) (n = 15), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) (n = 14), polyarteritis nodosa (n = 7) and other small vessel VASC(n = 6). The majority of patients were female (69%) without comorbidities (49%) and a median age of 37 years. The most common medication was conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, followed by biologic drugs. No patient received rituximab at baseline. Most patients received CoronaVac (n = 25) or ChadOx-1 (n = 36), while four received BNT162b2. Baseline IgG-RBD means were 1.34 BAU/mL. They increased to 3.89 and 5.29 BAU/mL after the 1st and 2nd vaccine dose, respectively. ChadOx-1 had higher antibody titers than CoronaVac (p = 0.002). There were no differences between different VASC. There were 3 cases of COVID-19 after immunization with CoronaVac. BD patients had a tendency for more cutaneous-articular activity following ChadOx-1. There were no severe relapses and no serious adverse events. Conclusion(s): Our results show the safety of different SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in VASC population. A progressive increase of IgG-RBD antibodies was observed after each dose. ChadOx-1 led to higher IgG-RBDgeometricmeans compared toCoronaVac. Finally, even though ChadOx-1 presented a tendency of triggering mild disease activity, there were no significant disease activity following vaccination in VASC patients. .