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Matern Child Health J ; 26(9): 1753-1761, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1959051


OBJECTIVE: Obstetrical patients are at risk of complications from COVID-19 and face increased stress due to the pandemic and changes in hospital birth setting. The objective was to describe the perinatal care experiences of obstetrical patients who gave birth during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological survey was administered to consenting patients who gave birth at The Ottawa Hospital (TOH) between March 16th and June 16th, 2020. The participants reported on prenatal, in-hospital, and postpartum care experiences. COVID-19 pandemic related household stress factors were investigated. Frequencies and percentages are presented for categorical variables and median and interquartile range (IQR) for continuous variables. RESULTS: A total of 216 participants were included in the analyses. Median participants age was 33 years (IQR: 30-36). Collectively, 94 (43.5%) participants felt elevated stress for prenatal appointments and 105 (48.6%) for postpartum appointments because of COVID-19. There were 108 (50.0%) were scared to go to the hospital for delivery, 97 (44.9%) wore a mask during labour and 54 (25.0%) gave birth without a support person. During postpartum care, 125 (57.9%) had phone appointments (not offered prior to COVID-19), and 18 (8.3%) received no postpartum care at all. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pandemic and public health protocols created a stressful healthcare environment for the obstetrical population where many were fearful of accessing services, experienced changes to standard care, or no care at all. As the pandemic continues, careful attention should be given to the perinatal population to reduce stress and improve continuity of care.

RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: Les patients obstétriques sont à risque de complications de la COVID-19 et font face à un stress accru en raison de la pandémie et des changements dans le cadre de l'accouchement en milieu hospitalier. L'objectif était de décrire les expériences de soins périnataux des patients obstétriques qui ont accouché au cours des premières phases de la pandémie de COVID-19. MéTHODES: Un sondage épidémiologique descriptif a été menée auprès de patients qui ont accouché à L'Hôpital d'Ottawa (TOH) entre le 16 mars et le 16 juin 2020. Les participants ont fait un compte rendu de leurs expériences en matière de soins prénataux, hospitaliers et post-partum. Les facteurs de stress domestique liés à la COVID-19 ont été étudiés. Les fréquences et les pourcentages sont présentés pour les variables catégorielles et la médiane et l'écart interquartile (IQR) sont présentés pour les variables continues. RéSULTATS: Au total, 261 participants ont répondu au sondage. L'âge maternel médian était de 33 ans (IQR: 30­36). Collectivement, 94 participants (43,5%) ressentaient un stress élevé en lien avec les rendez-vous prénataux et 105 (48,6%) pour les rendez-vous post-partum en raison de la COVID-19. Il y avait 108 patients (50,0%) qui avaient peur d'aller à l'hôpital pour accoucher, 97 (44,9%) qui portaient un masque pendant leur travail et 54 (25,0%) qui ont accouché sans personne de soutien. En lien avec les soins post-partum, 125 (57,9%) ont eu des rendez-vous téléphoniques (non offerts avant la pandémie COVID-19) et 18 (8,3%) n'ont reçu aucun soin post-partum. CONCLUSION: La pandémie de COVID-19 et les politiques de santé publique ont créé un environnement de soins de santé stressant pour la population obstétrique où beaucoup avaient peur d'accéder aux services de soins, ont connu des changements dans les soins de base ou n'ont pas eu de soins du tout. Alors que la pandémie se poursuit, une attention particulière doit être accordée à la population périnatale afin de réduire le stress et améliorer la continuité des soins.

COVID-19 , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Parturition , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 128(5): 635-641, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1132864


Opioids cover a broad class of natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs that act on opioid receptors to produce powerful analgesic effects. Rates of opioid use and opioid agonist maintenance treatment have increased substantially in recent years, particularly among women. Trends and outcomes of opioids use on fertility, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and longer-term child developmental outcomes have not been well-described. Here, we review the existing literature on the health effects of opioid use on female fertility, pregnancy, breastmilk and the exposed infant. We find that the current literature is primarily concentrated on the impact of opioid use in pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, with little exploration of effects on fertility. Studies are limited in number, some with small sample sizes, and many are hampered by methodological challenges related to confounding and other potential biases. Opioid use is becoming more prevalent due to environmental pressures such as COVID-19. More research is needed to better elucidate its effects on reproductive health among younger women and support the development of evidence-based recommendations for safe prescription practices and public health messaging.

Breast Feeding , Fertility/drug effects , Opioid-Related Disorders , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Pregnancy Complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Opioid-Related Disorders/complications , Opioid-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Opioid-Related Disorders/prevention & control , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Prevalence , SARS-CoV-2