Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 942751, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065575


Being introduced in 2010, fingolimod was among the first oral therapies for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). Since that time, postmarketing surveillance has noted several case reports of various cryptococcal infections associated with fingolimod use. To date, approximately 15 such case reports have been published. We present the first and unique case of cryptococcal chest wall mass and rib osteomyelitis associated with fingolimod use. The patient presented with left-side chest pain and was found to have a lower left chest wall mass. Computerized tomography (CT) showed chest wall mass with the destruction of left 7th rib. Aspirate from the mass grew Cryptococcus neoformans. The isolate was serotype A. Fingolimod was stopped. The patient received liposomal amphotericin B for 2 weeks and started on fluconazole with a plan to continue for 6-12 months. The follow-up CT in 6 weeks showed a marked decrease in the size of the chest wall mass. In conclusion, our case highlights the atypical and aggressive form of cryptococcal infection possibly related to immunosuppression from fingolimod use.

JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 7(11): e28317, 2021 11 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1547121


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted multiple aspects of daily living, including behaviors associated with occupation, transportation, and health. It is unclear how these changes to daily living have impacted physical activity and sedentary behavior. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we add to the growing body of research on the health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic by examining longitudinal changes in objectively measured daily physical activity and sedentary behavior among overweight or obese young adults participating in an ongoing weight loss trial in San Diego, California. METHODS: Data were collected from 315 overweight or obese (BMI: range 25.0-39.9 kg/m2) participants aged from 18 to 35 years between November 1, 2019, and October 30, 2020, by using the Fitbit Charge 3 (Fitbit LLC). After conducting strict filtering to find valid data on consistent wear (>10 hours per day for ≥250 days), data from 97 participants were analyzed to detect multiple structural changes in time series of physical activity and sedentary behavior. An algorithm was designed to detect multiple structural changes. This allowed for the automatic identification and dating of these changes in linear regression models with CIs. The number of breakpoints in regression models was estimated by using the Bayesian information criterion and residual sum of squares; the optimal segmentation corresponded to the lowest Bayesian information criterion and residual sum of squares. To quantify the changes in each outcome during the periods identified, linear mixed effects analyses were conducted. In terms of key demographic characteristics, the 97 participants included in our analyses did not differ from the 210 participants who were excluded. RESULTS: After the initiation of the shelter-in-place order in California on March 19, 2021, there were significant decreases in step counts (-2872 steps per day; 95% CI -2734 to -3010), light physical activity times (-41.9 minutes; 95% CI -39.5 to -44.3), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity times (-12.2 minutes; 95% CI -10.6 to -13.8), as well as significant increases in sedentary behavior times (+52.8 minutes; 95% CI 47.0-58.5). The decreases were greater than the expected declines observed during winter holidays, and as of October 30, 2020, they have not returned to the levels observed prior to the initiation of shelter-in-place orders. CONCLUSIONS: Among overweight or obese young adults, physical activity times decreased and sedentary behavior times increased concurrently with the implementation of COVID-19 mitigation strategies. The health conditions associated with a sedentary lifestyle may be additional, unintended results of the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 , Sedentary Behavior , Bayes Theorem , Exercise , Humans , Overweight/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult