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Gerontologist ; 60(3): e200-e217, 2020 04 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455299

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In long-term care (LTC) facilities, nursing staff are important contributors to resident care and well-being. Despite this, the relationships between nursing staff coverage, care hours, and quality of resident care in LTC facilities are not well understood and have implications for policy-makers. This systematic review summarizes current evidence on the relationship between nursing staff coverage, care hours, and quality of resident care in LTC facilities. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted using four bibliographic databases and gray literature sources. Abstracts were screened by two independent reviewers using Covidence software. Data from the included studies were summarized using a pretested extraction form. The studies were critically appraised, and their results were synthesized narratively. RESULTS: The systematic searched yielded 15,842 citations, of which 54 studies (all observational) were included for synthesis. Most studies (n = 53, 98%) investigated the effect of nursing staff time on resident care. Eleven studies addressed minimum care hours and quality of care. One study examined the association between different nursing staff coverage models and resident outcomes. Overall, the quality of the included studies was poor. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Because the evidence was inconsistent and of low quality, there is uncertainty about the direction and magnitude of the association between nursing staff time and type of coverage on quality of care. More rigorously designed studies are needed to test the effects of different cutoffs of care hours and different nursing coverage models on the quality of resident care in LTC facilities.


Subject(s)
Homes for the Aged/standards , Nursing Homes/standards , Nursing Staff/statistics & numerical data , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Health Care , Aged , Delivery of Health Care/standards , Humans , Long-Term Care , Workforce
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