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1.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 2021 Dec 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587374

ABSTRACT

During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, hospital-based liaison geriatric units (LGUs) were created in Spanish hospitals with the aim to improve health care coordination between nursing homes (NHs) and hospitals. Our university hospital created a comprehensive, proactive LGU serving 31 public and private NHs of different sizes and characteristics to offer support to more than 2500 residents. In the first 3 months of 2021, this LGU performed 1252 assessments (81% as outpatients, 12% at the emergency department, and 7% during hospitalization), avoiding an estimated 49 hospital transfers and 29 hospitalizations. Other activities included giving NHs support and advice during COVID-19 outbreaks, comanagement of selected residents with other hospital-based specialists (implementing telemedicine), and implementation of a protocol that allowed using drugs only approved for hospital use in selected NHs. This model of LGU has been shown to be feasible, to improve residents' health care, and avoid hospital referrals. Long-term care needs to be re-imagined, and hospital geriatric departments need to prove that they are able to offer expertise to support NH health care professionals.

2.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 610, 2021 10 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1486553

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The infection by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has been especially serious in older patients. The aim of this study is to describe baseline and clinical characteristics, hospital referrals, 60-day mortality, factors associated with hospital referrals and mortality in older patients living in nursing homes (NH) with suspected COVID-19. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed during March and April 2020 of institutionalized patients assessed by a liaison geriatric hospital-based team. Were collected all older patients living in 31 nursing homes of a public hospital catchment area assessed by a liaison geriatric team due to the suspicion of COVID-19 during the first wave, when the hospital system was collapsed. Sociodemographic variables, comprehensive geriatric assessment, clinical characteristics, treatment received including care setting, and 60-days mortality were recorded from electronic medical records. A logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the factors associated with mortality. RESULTS: 419 patients were included in the study (median age 89 years old, 71.6 % women, 63.7 % with moderate-severe dependence, and 43.8 % with advanced dementia). 31.1 % were referred to the emergency department in the first assessment, with a higher rate of hospital referral in those with better functional and mental status. COVID-19 atypical symptoms like functional decline, delirium, or eating disorders were frequent. 36.9% had died in the 60 days following the first call. According to multivariate logistic regression age (p 0.010), Barthel index <60 (p 0.002), presence of tachypnea (p 0.021), fever (p 0.006) and the use of ceftriaxone (p 0.004) were associated with mortality. No mortality differences were found between those referred to the hospital or cared at the nursing home. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: 31% of the nursing home patients assessed by a liaison geriatric hospital-based team for COVID-19 were referred to the hospital, being more frequently referred those with a better functional and cognitive situation. The 60-days mortality rate due to COVID-19 was 36.8% and was associated with older age, functional dependence, the presence of tachypnea and fever, and the use of ceftriaxone. Geriatric comprehensive assessment and coordination between NH and the hospital geriatric department teams were crucial.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Male , Nursing Homes , Referral and Consultation , SARS-CoV-2
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