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Front Psychiatry ; 12: 753851, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1533716


Background: To date, a large body of literature focuses on the experience of healthcare providers who cared for COVID-19 patients. Qualitative studies exploring the experience of healthcare workers in the workplace after recovering from COVID-19 are limited. This study aimed to describe the experience of healthcare workers who returned to work after recovering from COVID-19. Methods: This study employed a qualitative descriptive approach with a constructionist epistemology. Data were collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with 20 nurses and physicians, and thematic analysis was used to identify themes from the interview transcripts. Results: Three major themes about the psychological experiences of healthcare workers who had recovered from COVID-19 and returned to work were identified: (1) holding multi-faceted attitudes toward the career (sub-themes: increased professional identity, changing relationships between nurses, patients, and physicians, and drawing new boundaries between work and family), (2) struggling at work (sub-themes: poor interpersonal relationships due to COVID-19 stigma, emotional symptom burden, physical symptom burden, and workplace accommodations), (3) striving to return to normality (sub-themes: deliberate detachment, different forms of social support in the workplace, and long-term care from organizations). Conclusions: The findings have highlighted opportunities and the necessity to promote health for this population. Programs centered around support, care, and stress management should be developed by policymakers and organizations. By doing this, healthcare workers would be better equipped to face ongoing crises as COVID-19 continues.

BMJ Open ; 11(11): e055073, 2021 11 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1501724


OBJECTIVES: To understand why critical care clinicians still implement physical restraints, to prevent unplanned extubation and to explore the driving factors influencing the decision-making of physical restraints use. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was used. The data were collected through one-to-one, semistructured interviews and analysed through the framework of thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study was conducted from December 2019 to May 2020 at one general intensive care unit (ICU) and one emergency ICU in a general tertiary hospital with 3200 beds in Hangzhou, China. The sampling strategy was combined maximum variation sampling and criterion sampling. RESULTS: A total of 14 clinicians participated in the study. The reason why critical care clinicians implemented physical restraints to prevent unplanned extubation was that the tense healthcare climate was caused by family members' rejection of mismatched expectations. As unplanned extubation was highly likely to create medical disputes, hospitals placed excessive emphasis on unplanned extubation, which resulted in a lack of analysis of the cause of unplanned extubation and strict measures for dealing with unplanned extubation. The shortage of nursing human resources, unsuitable ward environments, intensivists' attitudes, timely extubation for intensivists, nurse experiences and the patient's possibility of unplanned extubation all contributed to the decision-making resulting in the use of physical restraints. CONCLUSIONS: Although nurses played a crucial role in the decision-making process of using physical restraints, changing the healthcare climate and the hospital management mode for unplanned extubation are fundamental measures to reduce physical restraints use.

Critical Care , Restraint, Physical , Airway Extubation , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Qualitative Research
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 709-720, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1125231


INTRODUCTION: With the effective treatments of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), thousands of patients have recovered from COVID-19 globally. The public perceptions and views are vital to facilitate recovered COVID-19 patients reintegrate into society. In China, the rural population accounts for nearly 70% of the total population. Therefore, we chose to evaluate perceptions and views of rural residents towards COVID-19 recovered patients in China. METHODS: Fifteen participants were sampled from a village with the severe COVID-19 epidemic in Zibo city, Shandong Province. The fifteen participants who lived in the village with COVID-19 recovered patients were included. They were over 18 years of age and were voluntary to participant in the study. A descriptive qualitative design using semi-structured telephone interviews was undertaken. Thematic analysis was undertaken. RESULTS: Five main themes emerged from the data: (1) Perceived personal characteristics of COVID-19 recovered patients; (2) Perceived difficulties faced by COVID-19 recovered patients; (3) Perceptions on the social relationship with COVID-19 recovered patients; (4) Views on COVID-19 recovered patients going to public venues; (5) Views on helping COVID-19 recovered patients. Each theme was supported by several subthemes. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that discrimination and reduced social intimacy exist among rural residents. To improve their views or the situation, relevant departments could lead health educational programs and encourage supportive social connections. Through these strategic messaging, rural residents are expected to recognize that COVID-19 recovered patients need more social support, rather than discrimination and resistance, which helps recovered patients better return to society.